Unspecified

Taxonomy Term List

Supporting Chad to advance their NAP process

Country background, Sustainable Development Goals and Paris Agreement

The Republic of Chad is located in north-central Africa and is dominated by the Saharan desert, covering half of its 1,284,634 km2. The Sahelian ecological zone runs through the center of the country, and is characterized by poor soils and scrubland. In the south, the wetter Sudanian savanna zone is dominated by forest and wooded savannah. The country’s unique position within the Middle Africa region aligns it with both the Congo Basin and the Sahel (as a member of both the Central African Forests Commission and the Permanent Interstate Committee for Drought Control in the Sahel). Landlocked, the country is home to about 15.4 million people (2018 estimate), with only 28 percent of the population lives in urban areas.

According to the IPCC, Chad is projected to experience a moderate increase in temperature of between 0.6 and 1.3 Celsius (under a medium warming scenario) by 2023 and 1 to 2.5 Celsius of warming expected by 2050. It is expected that the number of “hot” days and nights will increase, while there will be a decrease in the number of “cold” days and nights. With respect to precipitation changes, model simulations for the Sahel remain widely divergent; some models estimate that mean annual precipitation could decrease by up to 28 percent, while others suggest that it could increase by up to 29 percent by the 2090s. A significant increase in extreme rainfall events (greater than 50 mm in the maximum five-day precipitation) has also been projected—a change that could increase runoff and flooding conditions.

In September 2015, Chad submitted its Nationally Determined Contribution to the UNFCCC.  In order to provide a better living environment for Chadians, the government has drawn up "Vision 2030, the Chad we want," which is broken down into three national development plans. The first, covering the period 2017-2021. Chad, through its commitment, will pursue efforts to reduce social inequalities and improve the wellbeing of populations, protect the environment and economic diversification. In response to these expected climate change impacts, the United Nations Development Programme is working with the Government of Chad to implement The Chad National Adaptation Plan Advancement Project is intended to integrate climate change adaptation into medium- and long-term planning and budgeting of climate-sensitive sectors. Chad’s NAP will be anchored in the Chadian Vision 2030 and contribute to the effective integration of adaptation. It incorporates priorities including new productive capabilities and opportunities for the creation of decent work, the development of human capital, the fight against desertification, environmental protection, and adaptation to climate change and improved governance. Under the first component in the NAP, it includes the development of integrated information systems and a climate and socioeconomic database, the project will support planning and decision-making based on scientific evidence. As a result, Chad will be endowed with a national framework able to produce forecasts and assess the vulnerability of production systems to the adverse effects of climate change.  In addition, Chad is receiving support from UN Environment to access funding from the Green Climate Fund on adaptation planning.

How has the NAP-GSP supported to date?

 

Supported the NAP regional workshop 

 

In 2014, Chad attended the NAP-GSP Francophone Africa Regional Training Workshop, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia to share best practices from countries in the region. Key stakeholders from Chad identified six barriers for implementing the NAP during the project-planning meeting held on 26 May 2017 in N'Djamena.

 

 

Supported the formulation of a Roadmap 

 
In Chad, a basic need for analysis was identified, the NAP GSP supported Chad carry out the preparations for a road map for conducting the NAP process.
 

 

Helped build capacity for accessing climate financing for launch of NAP

 

 

The government of Chad launched their NAP project at the end of 2019. The NAP project is implemented by the Ministry of the Environment and Fisheries in Chad and is funded through the Global Environment Facility LDC Fund. It was developed with the support of the NAP-GSP.

 

English
Region/Country: 
Level of Intervention: 
Key Collaborators: 
Coordinates: 
POINT (18.43932864564 15.526028373889)
Location: 
Project Status: 
News and Updates: 

Le Plan National d’Adaptation au changement climatique (PNA) opérationnel dans la zone méridionale - February 2020 - Permettez-moi de remercier l’équipe du PNA pour avoir lancer le projet dans la zone soudanienne et de proposer cette formation sur le changement climatique. Pendant longtemps, on a pensé que le changement climatique est une affaire des autres et qu’on ne peut pas être touché. On s’est rendu compte maintenant que le changement climatique est un phénomène réel qui affecte tout le monde.

Lancement du « Plan National d’Adaptation aux changements climatiques » - Octobre 2019 - Le PNUD et le Ministère de l’Environnement, de l’Eau et de la Pêche, ont lancé officiellement le projet « Plan National d’Adaptation aux changement climatiques » (PNA), ouvrant sa mise en œuvre à l’échelle nationale.

Display Photo: 
Timeline: 
Month-Year: 
1992
Description: 
Chad signs the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC), which was later ratified on 30 April 1993
Month-Year: 
2009
Description: 
Chad adopts the National Adaptation Programme of Action (NAPA) for Climate Change
Month-Year: 
2015
Description: 
Chad submits its INDC to the UNFCCC
Month-Year: 
2017
Description: 
Chad ratifies the Paris Agreement
Month-Year: 
2019
Description: 
Chad starts implementing the “Chad National Adaptation Plan” project
SDGs: 
SDG 13 - Climate Action

Supporting Burkina Faso to advance their NAP process

Country background, Sustainable Development Goals and Paris Agreement

Due to its geographical position, Burkina Faso is characterized by a dry tropical climate, which alternates between a short rainy season and a long dry season. Burkina Faso’s climate is prone to strong seasonal and annual variation due to its location in the hinterland and within the confines of the Sahara. Climate change may affect the Sahelian region of Africa through severe variations in rainfall, water shortage and low agricultural yield. This should amplify drought risks and evaporation, and reduce agricultural productivity (a 10% drop in rainfall is expected by 2050). In addition, climate change will probably result in higher temperatures (a 1.4-1.6°C rise is expected by 2050), potentially increasing the risk for forest fires or bushfires.

Since ratifying the UNFCCC in 1993, Burkina Faso qualified for the Adaptation in Africa Programme (AAP) launched by the UNDP with funding from the Japanese government. In October 2008, between the UNDP and Japan and the implementation of the AAP, twenty African countries, including Burkina Faso, were granted funding for their climate variability and change adaptation programmes. Burkina Faso has contextualized the 2030 agenda in its National Economic and Social Development Plan (PNDES), operationalized through 14 sectoral policies and local development plans. The country is focusing on SDG4, SDG8, SDG10, SDG13, SDG 16, and SDG17. Burkina Faso launched its National Adaptation Plan (NAP) process to formulate a medium- and long-term climate change adaptation strategy denoted NAPA programming. In September 2014, Burkina Faso submits its Second National Communication to the UNFCCC and one year later, in September 2015, Burkina Faso submitted its Intended National Determined Contribution to the UNFCCC.

Burkina Faso submitted its NAP to the UNFCCC in October 2015. The methodology for formulating a NAP in Burkina Faso includes four steps or 'elements and also took into account the national circumstance of the country when planning these actions. 1) Laying the ground work and addressing gaps, includes assessing available information on climate change impacts, vulnerability and adaptation, measures taken to address climate change and gaps and needs, at the national and regional levels. 2) The preparatory elements include activities aimed at integrating climate change adaptation into national and sub-national development and sectoral planning, as well as consultation workshops and awareness building. 3) Implementing strategies includes strengthening institutional and regulatory frameworks to support adaptation and training/ coordinating at the sectoral and sub-national levels. 4) Reporting, monitoring and review activities include addressing inefficiencies, incorporating the results of new assessments and emerging science and reflect lessons learned from adaptation efforts.

How has the NAP-GSP supported to date?

 

Supported the Regional NAP workshop

 

In 2014, Burkina Faso attended the NAP-GSP Francophone Africa Regional Training Workshop, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia to share best practices from countries in the region.

 

 

Supported the methodology for identifying gaps and specific priorities

 

 
NAP-GSP supported Burkina Faso in formulated the methodology to lay the groundwork for addressing gaps in their NAP document. As outlined in the NAP, these activities are designed to identify gaps and omissions in intervention frameworks and address them as necessary, to support the formulation of comprehensive adaptation plans, programmes and policies.
 

 

Supported with the preparation of the initial NAP

 

 

 

In May 2015, NAP GSP supported Burkina Faso with an initial review of the final draft of the NAP document. Burkina Faso submitted the NAP document to the UNFCCC in September later that year.

 

 

English
Region/Country: 
Level of Intervention: 
Key Collaborators: 
Coordinates: 
POINT (-1.3977098534327 12.362660701295)
Location: 
Project Status: 
News and Updates: 

Strengthening national resilience capacities - May 2017 - The objective of this workshop is to strengthen the capacities of actors from ministerial departments and NGOs involved in disaster management on the PDNA approach and to adapt the tools.

Display Photo: 
Timeline: 
Month-Year: 
Sept 1993
Description: 
Burkina Faso ratifies the UNFCCC
Month-Year: 
Mar 2005
Description: 
Burkina Faso ratifies the Kyoto Protocol
Month-Year: 
Nov 2007
Description: 
Burkina Faso adopts its National Adaptation Programmes of Action (NAPA)
Month-Year: 
Oct 2008
Description: 
Burkina Faso takes part in the UNDP Adaptation in Africa Programme funded by the Government of Japan
Month-Year: 
Oct 2012
Description: 
Burkina Faso launches its NAP process of formulating a medium and long-term climate change adaptation strategy
Month-Year: 
Sept 2014
Description: 
Burkina Faso submits its Second National Communication to the UNFCCC
Month-Year: 
Sept 2015
Description: 
Burkina Faso submits its INDC to the UNFCCC
Month-Year: 
Oct 2015
Description: 
Burkina Faso submits its NAP to the UNFCCC
SDGs: 
SDG 13 - Climate Action

Supporting Cuba to advance their NAP process

Country background, Sustainable Development Goals and Paris Agreement

The Republic of Cuba is located in the Caribbean Basin.  Havana has 15 municipalities, out of which six are located in its coastal zone, an area of vital importance for the sustainable and strategic development of the country. The Havana Coastal Zone is a highly important zone for tourism that is characterized by sandy beaches, three coastal lagoons, mangrove areas, and coral reef crests. It also includes the Havana Malecon (sea drive), a Cuban landmark, particularly the portion located in the Historic Centre that has been declared by UNESCO as a World Heritage Site.  The Bay of Havana is another significant site given its economic and social importance because of its harboring, industrial and touristic activity.  The Havana Coastal Zone is located in the region of Cuba most frequently hit by hurricanes of different categories and cold fronts of varying intensities. Studies undertaken show that this region is one of the most vulnerable areas in terms of extreme meteorological events and climate change impacts. 

Since the 1990s, the Cuban Government has recognized the risks associated with climate change and engaged in efforts to address these risks in its environmental and development agenda. Cuba ratified the Paris Agreement on December 28, 2016 and submitted its Nationally Determined Contribution (NDC) on November 23, 2015. In the NDC, adaptation is considered the main priority and specific emphasis is placed on human health, reducing coastal zone vulnerability, recovering the mangrove areas, integrated water management, territorial planning and sustainable food production, as well as incorporating adaptation in all programs, plans and projects moving forward.

The Inception Workshop of the Third National Communication to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) was held in February 2018. The main objectives and tasks identified are:  to develop an inventory (base year 2016) of greenhouse gas emission and reduction; conduct a comprehensive assessment of climate change impacts on pilot areas as study cases. Formulating the Adaptation Plan for the Havana Coastal Zone is an opportunity to materialize the priorities contained in “Tarea Vida” and creates synergy with and complements the analysis and results of the Third National Communication. The Adaptation Plan for the Havana Coastal Zone project will contribute towards closing information and knowledge gaps, strengthening technical and technological capacities, designing adequate and effective adaptation measures that are fully incorporated into the development plans, and training and sensitizing relevant actors on climate adaptation. Together, these actions will increase climate resilience in the Havana Coastal Zone. 

The 2030 National Plan for Economic and Social Development: Strategic economic axes and sectors, ratifies the political will and strategic vision to address climate change, while designing a pathway towards sustainable development.  This plan highlights the implementation of policies for effective risk management and climate change adaptation in the country as well as the need to effectively implement programs and actions to address climate change impacts, focusing on adaptation measures, vulnerability reduction, mitigation, and the introduction of systemic and cross-sectoral strategies. It also states the need to improve the Civil Defence System for risk reduction on the basis of comprehensive risk management with the active involvement of the communities and local governments in order to improve the resilience of human and ecological systems, all of which is in line with the Sustainable Development Goals (2030 SDGs) and the 2015-2030 Sendai Framework for Disaster Risk Reduction. 

How has the NAP-GSP supported to date?

 

Support with the NAP roadmap and identifying new stakeholders

 

Conduct consultation processes at national and at territorial level to identify new stakeholders, project opportunities (consistent with National Development Plan, National Environmental Strategy, State Plan for Tackling Climate Change and NDC) and their review, with a gender approach, thus ensuring a broad participation of women.
 

 

Produced an assessment and identified entry points for the NAP process
 
Conduct institutional assessments and diagnosis of the capacities of the National Designated Authority and other institutions linked with its work on matters related to the GCF. Creation of a technical unit, which will support the work carried out by the National Designated Authority, in particular by reviewing and screening programs and projects. The eventual Readiness Proposal project will design a Country Program that will include a plan to work with the Fund and involve new actors relevant to climate change financing issues.
 

 

Helped build capacity and  facilitated access to additional climate finance
 

 

 

NAP GSP supported Cuba is developing it’s GCF Readiness and Preparatory Support/Initial Plan in Cuba, an initial plan to create and strengthen Cuba’s institutional capacities to access and engage with the Green Climate Fund.  With the support of implementing partner UNDP, Cuba submits a revised Readiness Proposal for “Adaptation Plan for the Havana Coastal Zone” to the Green Climate Fund in June 2019. The objective of this project is to formulate an Adaptation Plan for the Coastal Zone of Havana, which considers the medium- and long-term climate risks and specific vulnerabilities and integrates adaptation measures and investment decisions into the development planning.
 
 

 

English
Region/Country: 
Level of Intervention: 
Key Collaborators: 
Coordinates: 
POINT (-78.74999999308 21.713576502957)
Location: 
News and Updates: 

New project to increase coastal resilience in Cuba - February 25, 2020 - The project intervention area is located within the Sabana-Camagüey archipelago, north of the central region of Cuba. It covers the fifteen coastal municipalities of the Villa Clara, Sancti Spíritus, Ciego de Ávila and Camagüey provinces.

Cuba and the Caribbean work to increase the resilience of the regional SAT - January 16, 2020 - Specialists from the National Risk Assessment Group of the Environment Agency (@AMA_CUBA) carried out a South South Cooperation exchange mission with the Caribbean island of Saint Lucia, developed in the National Emergency Management Organization (NEMO).

CITMA and UNDP value cooperation for more than 25 years - September 11, 2019 - This was a new opportunity for Ms. Maribel Gutierrez, on behalf of UNDP, to highlight that CITMA is a very important partner given its high scientific potential and state commission at national and territorial level. Today the projects under the attention of CITMA represent 47% of the total portfolio approved by UNDP in Cuba, approximately 56 million USD.

Display Photo: 
Project Dates: 
2020
Timeline: 
Month-Year: 
Oct 2007
Description: 
e Council of Ministers discusses climate change for the first time and approves a program that prioritized adaptation in the economic and social sectors, focused on the coastal zone and linked to disaster reduction.
Month-Year: 
Nov 2015
Description: 
Cuba submits its NDC to the Conference of the Parties to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change.
Month-Year: 
Jan 2016
Description: 
Cuba submits Guidelines to Confront Climate Change and its Plan of Action to the Economic and Financial Commission of the Cuban Council of Ministers.
Month-Year: 
Dec 2016
Description: 
Cuba ratifies the Paris Agreement
Month-Year: 
Apr 2017
Description: 
The Council of Ministers approves the State Plan for Tackling Climate Change, a document with the highest legal status on the subject approved in the country.
Month-Year: 
Feb 2018
Description: 
The Inception Workshop of the Third National Communication to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change is held.
Month-Year: 
Jul 2018
Description: 
The Green Climate Fund approves Cuba’s Readiness and Preparatory Support/Initial Plan in Cuba with an amount of $333,000 USD.
Month-Year: 
Jun 2019
Description: 
Cuba submits a revised Readiness Proposal for “Adaptation Plan for the Havana Coastal Zone” to the Green Climate Fund.
SDGs: 
SDG 13 - Climate Action

Supporting Argentina to advance their NAP process

Country background, Sustainable Development Goals and Paris Agreement

In Argentina, changes in the climate have been observed since the second half of the past century and, according to the projections of the climatic models, these changes would intensify in this century. These changes have already caused impacts on natural and human systems. In most of the non-Patagonian Argentina there was an increase in temperature of up to a half degree between 1960 and 2010, with smaller increases in the center of the country. There was also a change towards more frequent intensified rainfall in much of the country, which resulted in more frequent floods caused by an inappropriate occupation and use of space that generated areas with high exposure and the inadequacy of the water works that were planned for weather conditions that are no longer valid. In the west and more noticeably in the north, the dry periods of winter have become longer. This has generated problems in the availability of water for some populations, created more favorable conditions for grassland fires and greater stress on livestock.

Argentina has submitted two National Communications to the United Nations Frameworks Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC), laying out the actions that the government has already taken and the analytical basis for its policy response to climate change, as well as its commitments to take future actions within an official international framework. The National Program for Climate Change Impacts was created with the purpose of developing a national strategy for the better understanding of Argentina’s vulnerability to climate change impacts and for the development of adaptation measures to climate change. Among its functions is the implementation of studies related to the global climate change impact on the various climates of Argentina, elaboration of national climate change adaptation measures, coordination of climate change actions with other related national programs such as the one for desertification prevention.

The United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) established the Global Process of the National Adaptation Plan (NAP) as a way to facilitate adaptation planning in developing countries. According to this strategy, Argentina considers that it is essential to take into account the adaptation aspects in the design and implementation of policies and programs. In its National Determined Contribution (NDC) -revised in 2016 and presented at the COP22 in Marrakesh-, Argentina has committed to articulate actions and initiatives related to adaptation to climate change through a systematic and participatory National Adaptation Plan. For the particular case of Argentina, several factors hinder the development of the NAP process, which are of legal and geographical nature. In the first case, the objective of carrying out the process in a participatory manner obliges the political area at the national level to make economic efforts to ensure the full participation of all provincial representatives and to support them in parallel processes of formulating provincial plans.

How has the NAP-GSP supported to date?

 

Supported the vulnerability assessment and the NAP formulation

 

Within the work of National Cabinet in 2017, a participatory process was initiated to define priorities and to define which studies are the most important ones to carry out for the vulnerability analysis proposed in the project eventually outlined in Argentina’s Readiness Proposal that was developed in 2018. 
 

 

Produced a project document to identify entry points for the NAP process

 
With support of the NAP GSP, Argentina identified technical capacity needs, either at the national and sub-national level or at the sectoral level. With the Global Support Porgramme, Argentina drafted a project document that sets the basis for an adaptation strategy and includes tools for decision making and planning of the NAP process, and mechanisms to include local stakeholders, community‐based organizations, non‐governmental organizations and the private sector.
 
 

Helped build capacity and  facilitated access to additional climate finance

 

 

In January 2019, the GCF approved Argentina’s Readiness Proposal “Adaptation Planning support for Argentina through UNDP.” The NAP project will facilitate integration of climate change adaptation into existing strategies, policies and programs and in this way facilitate the assessment and reduction of vulnerability to the adverse effects of climate change. The Argentinean government will advance adaptation planning at a national, sub-national and sectorial level. The NAP Readiness will raise awareness on adaptation potential and needs at national, sub-national and local levels, as well as disseminate adaptation initiatives being carried out in the country and their respective impacts.

 

 

 

English
Region/Country: 
Level of Intervention: 
Key Collaborators: 
Coordinates: 
POINT (-64.335937495662 -35.661759407894)
Location: 
Country-level Initiatives: 
News and Updates: 

Climate Change and Environment in the Autonomous City of Buenos Aires - 1 October 2019 - Workshop organized by the Ombudsman's Office of CABA together with OHCHR, UN and UNDP in Argentina.

Sustainable Land Management NOA and Cuyo - 3rd. Call for projects - 2 March 2020 - Third call for projects for sustainable land management and comprehensive management of water resources in NOA and Cuyo.

Evidence for policymaking in Argentina, there we go! - 26 March 2020 - Evidence plays a fundamental role both in understanding our problems and in designing, implementing and measuring the impact that laws have on our day-to-day life.

Display Photo: 
Project Dates: 
2020
Timeline: 
Month-Year: 
2015
Description: 
Argentina submits its Intended Nationally Determined Contribution to the UNFCCC
Month-Year: 
2016
Description: 
National Climate Change Cabinet is created with the objective of articulating policies that allow to face the consequences of climate change and to raise awareness in all the society on its relevance.
Month-Year: 
2018
Description: 
A consultative study is completed by DiTella Foundation on “Elements for a National Adaptation Strategy” in order to kick-start the preparation of a national adaptation plan for Argentina
Month-Year: 
2019
Description: 
Argentina hosts two trainings for municipalities with 40 participants about National Adaptation Planning
Month-Year: 
2019
Description: 
The GCF approves Argentina’s Readiness Proposal Adaptation Planning support for Argentina through UNDP
SDGs: 
SDG 13 - Climate Action

Supporting Ecuador to advance their NAP process

Country background, Sustainable Development Goals and Paris Agreement

Ecuador is an Andean country in the northwest of South America, with a total area of 256,370 km, including the Galapagos Islands, and 16.3 million habitants as of 2015. The Southern Andes mountain range divides the continental territory of Ecuador into three different regions: Coast, Andes and Amazon. There is great variety in the Ecuadorian climate, largely determined by altitude and terrain. In the medium- to long-term, climate change is expected to have some major impacts in Ecuador: the intensification of extreme climatic events (e.g. El Niño); sea level rise; increased retreat of the glaciers; decrease in annual runoff and increased vulnerability of water resources; increased vulnerability to floods and prolonged droughts; increased transmission of dengue and other tropical diseases; the expansion of invasive species populations in the Galapagos and other sensitive ecosystems of continental Ecuador; and the extinction of certain species. Some of these impacts are already being perceived. These impacts are expected to negatively affect the Ecuadorian population, infrastructure and crop production, particularly as agriculture is already vulnerable to current fluctuations in climate. Estimates indicate that by 2025 the country could lose approximately US$5.6 billion due to extreme weather events intensified by climate change.

Adopted in 2012, the National Climate Change Strategy (NCCS) provides a vision until 2025, and seeks to establish a long-term objective for the management of climate change in the country. It has strategic work areas proposed for both adaptation and mitigation to climate change. For adaptation, the strategy defined key priority sectors or areas of work, taking into account the priority development objectives defined in the National Development Plan. Ecuador has already developed the NDC and has submitted its first NDC to the UNFCCC on March 2019 to fulfill its commitments under the Paris Agreement. The NDC includes adaptation under the sectors prioritized in the National Climate Change Strategy. The country’s adaptation goals are outlined in the NDC and aim to enable the integration of adaptation in development planning at national, sectoral and local levels.

The key actors for the NAP process are the members of the Inter-institutional Climate Change Committee (ICCC), established in 2010, as the governmental organ for the coordination and integral execution of national policies related to climate change, including the NCCS. The cross-sectoral ICCC is led by the Ministry of Environment (MAE), through its Under-Secretariat for Climate Change, which acts as Technical Secretariat for the Committee. The Under-Secretariat for Climate Change oversees the coordination of policies, strategies and regulations for climate change, awareness on climate change, climate change planning at national level, information management, overseeing compliance with national and international climate change agreements and regulations, and coordination with international technical assistance. Ecuador is working on a combination of policy advice, technical assistance, finance, and programs to achieve the Sustainable Development Goals (SDG1, SDG5, SDG6, SDG13, SDG16).

 

How has the NAP-GSP supported to date?

 

Support with the NAP Roadmap and formulation

 

Ecuador began the development of its National Adaptation Plan in February 2017 with an inception workshop, which convened the main stakeholders involved in climate change adaptation in the country. The workshop began a consultation process to prepare a road map for the NAP. Participants to this workshop included representatives from the majority of sectoral ministries, local government representatives and associations, as well as specialized agencies (e.g. Meteorological and Hydrological Institute), and civil society organizations, amongst others.
 

 

Produced a Stocktaking Report to identify entry points for the NAP process
 
The Third National Communication on climate change (TNC, 2017) development process focused on three lines of action; 1) reporting institutionalization, which included promoting coordination meetings between institutional actors; 2) a local approach, which took into consideration the need for implementing mitigation and adaptation actions from a local perspective, and; 3) capacity building. The development of the TNC involved organizing 37 workshops for capacity building and information exchange involving a total of 2051 participants.
 

 

Helped build capacity and  facilitated access to additional climate finance
 

 

 

Building on the results of the NAP roadmap kick-off consultation workshop, in line with national objectives and building on lessons learned on adaptation to date, a GCF NAP readiness proposal was developed and submitted to the GCF in 2017 and approved in July 2018. UNDP has provided support for the development of the Third National Communication and Climate Public Expenditures and Institutional Review (CPEIR). In addition, the NAP GSP, funded by the GEF, supported the development of the NAP proposal in Ecuador, submitted to the Green Climate Fund (GCF), which aims to integrate adaptation in development planning.
 
 

 

English
Region/Country: 
Level of Intervention: 
Key Collaborators: 
Coordinates: 
POINT (-79.101562493017 -1.6532129294465)
Location: 
Country-level Initiatives: 
News and Updates: 

UNDP and the Ministry of Environment and Water present the 'Mission 1.5' initiative - March 11, 2020 - "What can I do?" is the question that many people face in the face of climate change. 

Alliances and financing to face climate change in Ecuador February, 1, 2020 - The development of an investment plan for the financing of initiatives in the mitigation sectors, the generation of meeting spaces between investors, the private sector and cooperation.

UNDP launches Laboratory for Acceleration of Sustainable Development Goals - January 28, 2020 - Development challenges are increasingly complex and numerous. Keeping pace with emerging problems requires rethinking development from another perspective.

Ecuador Premium & Sustainable: one more step in the sustainable development of the agricultural sector - November 29, 2019 - The firm will of the National Government to advance in the sustainability of the agricultural sector, the intention to initiate a public-private alliance to strengthen the coffee chain.

Climate change and gender under debate - November 15, 2019 - The German Technical Cooperation (GIZ) organized a 'Café Dialogue', in which the argument that climate change is not gender neutral was debated.

NDC program and partners train fifty gender specialists on climate change - On November 18 and 19, 2019 - in the city of Quito, a training workshop on climate change was held for gender specialists.

Display Photo: 
Project Dates: 
2020
Timeline: 
Month-Year: 
2009
Description: 
Under-Secretariat of State for Climate Change within the Ministry of the Environment is established
Month-Year: 
2012
Description: 
The National Climate Change Strategy (NCCS) is adopted and provides a vision until 2025, and seeks to establish a long-term objective for the management of climate change in the country
Month-Year: 
2017
Description: 
The Third National Communication on climate change can be considered a precursor to the NAP process, given the methodology and institutional arrangements that were put in place to develop it.
Month-Year: 
2017
Description: 
Ecuador begins the development of its National Adaptation Plan roadmap in February with a kick-off consultation workshop.
Month-Year: 
2017
Description: 
GCF NAP readiness proposal is developed and submitted to the GCF
Month-Year: 
2018
Description: 
The GCF approves Ecuador’s “Green Climate Fund Readiness and Preparatory Support for National Adaptation Plan in Ecuador”
Month-Year: 
2019
Description: 
Ecuador submits its first NDC to the UNFCCC
SDGs: 
SDG 13 - Climate Action

Supporting Azerbaijan to advance their NAP process

Country background, Sustainable Development Goals and Paris Agreement

Azerbaijan is a landlocked country in the South Caucasus region of Asia bounded by the Caspian Sea to the east, Russia to the north, Georgia to the northwest, Armenia to the west and Iran to the south. The physical and geographical characteristics of Azerbaijan make it a highly sensitive country to the adverse effects of climate change. The terrain in the north of Azerbaijan is sub-tropical, while the west coast of the country has 40 percent mountainous cover and 60 percent arid and semi arid terrain. Extreme weather events, such as flooding, drought and heat stress are expected to increase in frequency. The arid and semi-arid areas will experience increased temperatures and a reduction in precipitation. Forecasts for the Caspian Sea levels are uncertain; as these have both increased and decreased over the last 50 years. This situation adds complexities, especially when planning for climate adaptation measures in Azerbaijan. 

At the national level, Azerbaijan adopted the “Strategic Road Map on National Economic Perspectives” in 2016, which allowed the country to create a new development model based on short (2020), medium (2025) and long-term measures (post 2025). The Strategic Development Road Map (SDRM), up to 2025 and beyond, covers eight priority sectors, including the development of the manufacture and processing of agricultural products, the manufacture of small and medium entrepreneurship-level consumer goods, the oil and gas industry, development of heavy industry and machinery, tourism, logistics and trade, vocational education and training, financial services, communication and information technologies and utilities. Azerbaijan’s "Nationally Appropriate Mitigation Actions (NAMAs) for low-carbon end-use sectors" project from 2015-2020 was placed within the existing national framework of Azerbaijan and provided a particular focus on a programmatic NAMA approach that reflected specific greenhouse gas measures to be implemented by SOCAR, the national oil company of Azerbaijan.

Since Azerbaijan presented its National Determined Contribution (NDC) to the UNFCCC in 2017, the Government of Azerbaijan has embarked on the preparation and implementation of a National Adaptation Plan (NAP). A stocktaking exercise was undertaken in 2017, where key barriers were identified. Some of Azerbaijan’s barriers include, limited data access, insufficient institutional and technical capacity on climate change adaptation at managerial, expert/practitioners and community levels and limited mainstreaming of climate change adaptation considerations into national, regional, local and sectoral planning, budgeting and regulatory frameworks. In December 2017, Azerbaijan’s first Green Climate Funding readiness adaptation planning project “National Adaptation Plan (NAP) Support Project for adaptation planning and implementation in Azerbaijan” was approved, with UNDP as Delivery Partner. The Green Climate Fund project supports the Government of Azerbaijan in facilitating the development of the NAP and the improved climate change adaptation actions in Azerbaijan in three priority sectors identified by the Ministry of Ecology and Natural Resources (MENR) through stakeholder consultations: water, agriculture and coastal areas.

Azerbaijan has since submitted two more proposals to the Green Climate Fund. The third readiness proposal submitted in May 2019, “Development of a strategy and action plan for up scaling climate services and multi-hazard early warning in Azerbaijan” is under preparation, with UNEP as Delivery Partner. The third readiness proposal will assess climate services and multi-hazard early warning systems, the feasibility for up scaling them and the development of a strategy, action plan and financing strategy. 

How has the NAP-GSP supported to date?

Supported the NAP Roadmap and produced a Stocktaking Report

The stocktaking exercise for the NAP highlighted the fact that that there is limited data sharing among institutions, both within the Government of Azerbaijan and beyond. A fact-finding/stocktaking mission to Azerbaijan was organized during May-June 2017 to analyze and verify the gaps, needs and barriers to adaptation planning, gathered during the desk research. During the mission, close to 21 meetings were held with more than 30 people from Government, NGOs, private sector, and International organizations

Identified entry points for the NAPs process

Based on these consultations, the assessment was developed, and barriers and gaps for the national adaptation process were identified and validated. This process informed a theory of change as the basis for a project proposal that identifies the inputs, activities, sub-outcomes and outcomes, necessary to overcome said barriers and gaps.
 

Helped build capacity and  facilitated access to additional climate finance

 

 

In December 2017, Azerbaijan’s first Green Climate Fund readiness project Adaptation planning support for Azerbaijan through UNDP was approved. The adaptation planning supported by this GCF-funded project will build on the results of the GEF/SSCF Funded project  "Integrating climate change risks into water and flood management by vulnerable mountainous communities in the Greater Caucasus region of Azerbaijan," and will use the lessons learned and data produced, including the results of the impact assessment in the Northern-Western Regions of Azerbaijan, the implementation of an early warning system’s pilot and for that area and of water user associations. To maximize synergies between the Adaptation Planning project and the second and third readiness projects, close communication will be maintained with FAO and UNEP during the implementation of the projects’ specific activities.

 

English
Region/Country: 
Level of Intervention: 
Key Collaborators: 
Coordinates: 
POINT (48.86718748406 40.258568763376)
Location: 
News and Updates: 

UNDP at the heart of climate change action in Azerbaijan - UNDP’s ongoing partnership framework with the State Oil Company of Azerbaijan SOCAR came into effect in 2015, with a firm commitment to reduce greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions and energy intensity of SOCAR’s major facilities.

UN Resident Coordinator and UNDP Resident Representative Ghulam Isaczai Speech - April 2018 - UNDP Resident Representative Ghulam Isaczai delivered the Opening speech at the conference on The Important Role of Hydrometeorology Organisations in the Adaptation to Climate Change about the Importance of Climate Action and Current Climate Change Adaptation Practices in Azerbaijan

EU, UNDP and Government launch groundbreaking new programme to fight climate change in Azerbaijan - April 2019 - A new regional EU4Climate project financed by the European Union kicked off in Baku today putting multi-stakeholder partnerships at the forefront of effective climate change action in countries of the Eastern Partnership (EaP) region.

Display Photo: 
Project Dates: 
2020
Timeline: 
Month-Year: 
Mar 2015
Description: 
Azerbaijan communicates its Third National Communication that forecasts an average annual temperature to increase by as much as 2°C between 2015 and 2030
Month-Year: 
Sep 2015
Description: 
Azerbaijan submits its Intended Nationally Determined Contribution (INDC) to the UNFCCC Secretariat
Month-Year: 
Dec 2016
Description: 
Azerbaijan adopts a “Strategic Road Map on National Economic Perspectives” at the national level
Month-Year: 
Jan 2017
Description: 
Azerbaijan ratifies the Paris Agreement
Month-Year: 
Jun 2017
Description: 
A fact-finding/stocktaking mission to Azerbaijan is organized to analyze and verify the gaps, needs and barriers to adaptation planning
Month-Year: 
Dec 2017
Description: 
Azerbaijan’s first GCF readiness project is approved and starts implementation in 2018, with UNDP as Delivery Partner
Month-Year: 
Mar 2019
Description: 
Azerbaijan’s second Readiness project is approved by GCF with a specific focus on agriculture and land use, land-use change and forestry, with FAO as Accredited Entity
Month-Year: 
May 2019
Description: 
Azerbaijan’s third Readiness proposal is submitted to GCF, with UNEP as Accredited Entity

Supporting Serbia to advance their NAP process

Country background, Sustainable Development Goals and Paris Agreement

Serbia is a landlocked country in the centre of the Balkan Peninsula, in South-Eastern Europe. Serbia, located in the central part of Balkan Peninsula, has three major geographical areas: the lowland Pannonian Plain, Vojvodina in northern Serbia that covers about 25 percent of the territory, and is predominantly flatland of alluvial debris and plateau, and Central Serbia and the Šumadija Highlands, a predominant hilly region ranging from 100 meters to 500m in elevation. Rivers and lakes are relatively plentiful, but flow levels are already starting to fall as a result of climate change, a trend that is predicted to continue. The climate is moderately continental across most of the territory. Average temperature is already increasing, notably with winters becoming less cold. The changes in temperature and precipitation are predicted to increase both floods and droughts, with a negative impact on the country’s forestry resources and agriculture, which together contributes to around 10 percent of gross domestic product.

Serbia’s climate related policies include the National Sustainable Development Strategy of the Republic of Serbia and its Action Plan for 2009 – 2017 and the National Strategy with Action Plan for Transposition Implementation and Enforcement of the EU ACQUIS on Environment and Climate Change 2016-2020 (NEAS). In addition, though the 2011 National Strategy for Disaster Risk Reduction and Protection and Rescue in Emergency Situations, the 2014 National Programme for Disaster Risk Management and the draft Action Plan for implementation of National Programme for Disaster Risk Management (until 2020) also addresses climate change related issues, climate change adaptation measures and policies are not sufficiently reflected in them. This prevents coordinated action, resource mobilization and financial expenditure.  In 2015, Serbia submitted its Intended Nationally Determined Contribution (INDC) to the UNFCCC that included both components, climate change mitigation and adaptation to climate change. However, the adaptation part of the INDCs was not elaborated and it noted the need for national level climate adaptation action to start addressing long-term climate vulnerabilities. In addition, Serbia has recently drafted its first Law on Climate Change as well as the Low Carbon Development Strategy with the Action Plan. Both documents are pending adoption by the Government.

The Government of the Republic of Serbia requested support for the development of its National Adaptation Plan (NAP) process, and is one of the first countries requesting Green Climate Fund (GCF) readiness financing for this purpose. With support from the joint UNDP-UN Environment NAP Global Support Programme (NAP-GSP), a preliminary mission was undertaken in February 2017 to identify, in consultation with stakeholders, Serbia’s needs regarding the NAP process. The mission allowed for preliminary assessment of relevant initiatives on climate mainstreaming and of the institutional framework and capacities relevant to the NAP process through a stakeholder roundtable, qualitative interviews and an extensive desk review. A Stocktaking Report on the NAPs process in Serbia was produced in April 2017. The stocktaking would play a supporting role in Serbia’s NAP Readiness Proposal “Advancing medium and long-term adaptation planning in the Republic of Serbia” that was submitted to the GCF in July 2017 and approved by the GCF in July 2019.

How has the NAP-GSP supported to date?

 

Supported the preliminary assessment and stocktaking mission 

 

In February 2017, the NAP GSP undertook a rapid capacity assessment and stocktaking mission, as an approach to identifying the required capacity needs based on the capacity development frameworks of UNDP and UNITAR. These frameworks identify three levels for technical and functional capacities: the individual, the organization and the enabling environment. The assessment was based on review of strategy documents, existing reports, individual interviews and a basic questionnaire distributed during the cross-sectoral roundtable.
 

 

Produced of a Stocktaking Report and NAP roadmap
 
A Stocktaking report was produced in April 2017, followed by a NAP Roadmap. The purpose of the NAP roadmap is to articulate a country-based consensus on the approach for the design of the NAP process.  The roadmap identifies the overall approach to implementing the NAP process and the main work streams (components) and activities for the 2017–2020 iteration of the NAP. Based on stakeholder input received during the stocktaking mission, the envisioned approach to Serbia’s NAP will be driven by development of a strategic document – the National Climate Change Adaptation Plan – for implementing the national direction for adaptation.

 

Helped build capacity and  facilitated access to additional climate finance
 

 

 

Serbia received approval from the GCF in July 2019 for it’s NAP Readiness Proposal ‘Advancing medium and long-term adaptation planning in the Republic of Serbia’, a project that is informed by a consultative process that launched three years prior and will help Serbia integrate climate change adaptation considerations into developmental planning and budgeting. This project proposes two phases to help the government of Serbia increase its capacity to address the country’s climate change vulnerabilities, particularly in the areas related to the Agriculture-Water Management nexus, and the sectors of Energy Infrastructure, and Transport Infrastructure and Construction. The first phase of funding request will support the setting up of the NAP process and development of a comprehensive national Climate Change Adaptation Plan. 
 

 

English
Region/Country: 
Level of Intervention: 
Key Collaborators: 
Coordinates: 
POINT (21.796874988909 44.162504181925)
Location: 
News and Updates: 

Climate change was one of the most important topics of the 9th Belgrade security forum - October 2019 - The panelists at "Climate Security: Adaptation, Mitigation, Change" were UNDP Resident Representative in Serbia Fransine Pickup, Minister for the Environmental Protection Goran Trivan.

Joint message on Climate Change to the Government of The Republic of Serbia - October 2019 - The European Union Delegation to Serbia and the United Nations Development Programme kindly request the support of the Republic of Serbia in reducing the emission of greenhouse gases (GHGs).

Cities are crucial for the fight against climate change - October 2019 - Best practices and solutions for development of climate-smart cities across Europe were presented today at the event “Citizens Build Smart Cities” in Belgrade.

In Serbia, climate change forces a new reality - September 2019 - In Serbia, temperatures are rising and extreme weather events means both flooding and severe droughts. For those who make their living off the land and sea, climate change is forcing a new reality.

Display Photo: 
Project Dates: 
2020
Timeline: 
Month-Year: 
Jun 2001
Description: 
Serbia ratifies the UN Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC)
Month-Year: 
Oct 2007
Description: 
Serbia ratifies the Kyoto Protocol
Month-Year: 
Nov 2010
Description: 
Serbia communicates its initial National Communication
Month-Year: 
Jun 2015
Description: 
Serbia submits its Intended Nationally Determined Contributions (INDC) to the UNFCCC
Month-Year: 
Feb 2016
Description: 
Serbia communicated its First Biennial Update Report to the UNFCCC
Month-Year: 
Feb 2017
Description: 
The NAP GSP and Serbia hosts a NAP support and stocktaking mission
Month-Year: 
Apr 2017
Description: 
The NAP GSP and Serbia produces a Stocktaking Report for the NAPs process in Serbia
Month-Year: 
Jul 2017
Description: 
Serbia submits its Readiness Proposal “Advancing medium and long-term adaptation planning in the Republic of Serbia” to the Green Climate Fund
Month-Year: 
Jul 2017
Description: 
Serbia ratifies the Paris Climate Agreement
Month-Year: 
Aug 2017
Description: 
Serbia communicates its Second National Communication (SNC)
Month-Year: 
Jul 2019
Description: 
The Green Climate Fund approves Serbia’s Readiness Proposal “Advancing medium and long-term adaptation planning in the Republic of Serbia”

Supporting Tanzania to advance their NAP process

Country background, Sustainable Development Goals and Paris Agreement

The United Republic of Tanzania is one of the largest countries in East Africa. Besides its mainland, the country also includes the semi-autonomous archipelago of Zanzibar, which lies roughly 35 km off the mainland’s coast. It is bordered by Kenya and Uganda to its north, Rwanda, Burundi, Democratic Republic of Congo, and Zambia to its west, Malawi and Mozambique to its south, and the Indian Ocean to its east. Tanzania is bestowed with a relative abundant level of natural resources and has comparative advantages in the production of many crops, such as coffee, tea, maize, rice, and cashew nuts, amongst others.

In recent years, the country experienced a significant change in its climatic conditions, including increasing temperatures, rising sea levels, intensified rain fall patterns, and longer dry spells.  Livelihoods and food supply are highly dependent on rainfed agriculture, which makes up around 80 percent of total agricultural output. Around 25 percent of Tanzania’s GDP is generated by the agriculture sector, which employs between 75 to 80 percent of the population.  Likewise, coastal and inland fisheries are increasingly placed in jeopardy by sedimentation after heavy rains and warming ocean and freshwater temperatures.

In recent years, the government has taken necessary steps to address the adverse effects of climate change and its wider environmental consequences. The country acknowledges that successfully dealing with these issues requires a wide range of measures. Its Second National Communication to the UNFCCC (2015) presents risks and vulnerabilities for its key economic sectors - water, health, agriculture, rangelands and livestock, forestry, wildlife, tourism, and coastal and marine environment. For each sector the government has analyzed the detailed potential impacts that climate change is expected to have and has developed standard responses to counter climate variability.

Tanzania’s National Adaptation Programme of Action, the Hyogo Framework of Action 2005-2015, the Agriculture Climate Resilience Plan 2014-2019, the National Climate Change Strategy, and Zanzibar Adaptation Strategy have provided strategic entry points for the government for the initiation of its National Adaptation Planning (NAP) process. The NAP process was officially established in July 2015 with a national training for ministers that led to the launch of the NAP Roadmap. In May 2016, a national multi-sector, multi-agency NAP team with around 30 experts was formed and was supported by the institution of a NAP Secretariat based at the Vice-President’s Office, assisted by GIZ. Subsequently, capacity-building trainings and workshops for the national NAP team were conducted to ensure ownership and coordination among government agencies. A comprehensive stocktaking of climate information, vulnerabilities, capacities and gaps at national and sub-national levels has been carried out in 2017 and 2018, involving the environment officers of all 185 local councils of Tanzania.

How has the NAP-GSP supported to date?

 

Support with the NAP process and roadmap

 

The NAP process was officially established in July 2015 with a national training for ministers that led to the launch of the NAP Roadmap. In May 2016, the NAP-GSP kicked off the NAP process with an inception workshop for a two-year bilateral NAP support project funded by the German Ministry for Economic Cooperation and Development (BMZ), co-funded by USAID and implemented by GIZ. The inception was followed by the formation of the NAP Secretariat and a national multi-sector and multi-agency NAP Team of 30 experts.
 

 

Produced of a Stocktaking Report to identify entry points for the NAP process
 
A comprehensive stocktaking of climate information, vulnerabilities, capacities and gaps at national and sub-national levels was conducted in 2017 and 2018, involving the environment officers of all 185 local councils of Tanzania. Tanzania’s National Adaptation Programme of Action, the National Climate Change Strategy, and Zanzibar Adaptation Strategy have provided strategic entry points for the government for the initiation of its National Adaptation Planning (NAP) process.
 

 

Helped build capacity and  awareness
 

 

 

With the support of international development partners, the government established the NAP Secretariat, hosted by the Vice President’s Office. The secretariat has supported several workshops and training events to capacitate key sectors and agencies, as well as its NAP Team. To increase awareness amongst stakeholders and ensure government ownership, the team conducted awareness raising events and engaged all 185 councils, both in Tanzania mainland and Zanzibar.

 

English
Region/Country: 
Level of Intervention: 
Key Collaborators: 
Coordinates: 
POINT (35.85937498639 -6.560931812593)
Location: 
News and Updates: 

UNDP disburses 1.3bn/- for climate change adaptation projects - 18 May 2017 - The United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) recently disbursed 1.3bn/- to six NGOs to help vulnerable local communities to mitigate the effects climate change through solar power solutions.

UNDP Facilitates NGOs Proposal Writing Workshop on Gender, Climate Change and Energy in the Context of SDGs - 2 November 2016 - The UNDP Tanzania’s Environmental Sustainability, Climate Change and Resilience pillar recently held a proposal-writing workshop with the aim of capacitating NGOs to integrate gender and SDGs.

Display Photo: 
Project Dates: 
2020
Timeline: 
Month-Year: 
Jul 2015
Description: 
The NAP-GSP, GIZ, and the UNDP Tanzania Country Office conduct a national training for ministries that results in a surge in government support
Month-Year: 
Aug 2016
Description: 
The Tanzania Vulnerability and Adaptation Assessment highlights key adaptation priorities for the country’s health sector
Month-Year: 
May 2017
Description: 
A comprehensive NAP stocktaking process begins, including regional workshops involving all 185 local councils in mainland Tanzania and Zanzibar
Month-Year: 
May 2018
Description: 
A participatory process begins to update Tanzania’s Intended Nationally Determined Contribution and to align it with the NAP process
Month-Year: 
Sep 2018
Description: 
A workshop is facilitated by the NAP-GSP to identify early priorities for the NAP strategy and provides technical support to the adaptation focal points
Month-Year: 
Dec 2018
Description: 
The Ministry of Health supports by the national NAP team and funded by GIZ, WHO, and DFID, finalizes Tanzania’s Health NAP to Climate Change 2018-2023
Month-Year: 
Mar 2019
Description: 
Development begins on a climate change statistics report to track implementation of SDG 13
Month-Year: 
Dec 2019
Description: 
Tanzania submits a Readiness and Preparatory Support Proposal for adaptation planning to the GCF

Supporting Morocco to advance their NAP process

Country background, Sustainable Development Goals and Paris Agreement

Morocco is situated in the north west of the continent of Africa. The territory extends over 710,850 km2 and the coastline covers 2900km on the Atlantic Ocean, as well as 512 km of coastline on the Mediterranean Sea. The Moroccan population is approximately 33.8 million people. Sixty percent of the Moroccan population, and the majority of the country’s economic activities, are located in coastal zones. Forty-two percent of the Moroccan coastline will be at high risk of erosion and floods by 2030. Another major climate risk for Morocco is the impact of climate change on already limited and declining water resources. Water resources are projected to decline due to an increase in drought conditions. Future climate trends in Morocco include rising temperatures of 1–1.5°C by 2050 (rate of warming faster in the interior) and a decrease in average precipitation by 10–20 percent across the country, and 30 percent decrease for the Saharan region by 2100.

Morocco has developed several overarching policies and high-level documents that promote and enable climate resilient development. Morocco has submitted three national communications to the UNFCCC (2001, 2010 and 2016). The Third National Communication (2016) includes a summary of the most recent climate projections and studies. Morocco has carried out various studies to assess climate change impacts and vulnerabilities at the national level. This includes state-of-the-art GIS-based catastrophe risk modeling, and the Morocco Natural Hazards Probabilistic Risk Assessment, which allows for an analysis for risks of earthquake, flood, tsunami, drought and landslide across Morocco.

In 2014, Morocco developed its National Climate Change Policy (MCCP) as a coordination tool of the various measures and initiatives on climate change. It provides an operational framework for the development of a medium and long-term strategy, with a vision for 2040. In 2015, Morocco submitted its Intended Nationally Determined Contribution (INDC), which is based on the NSSD, and outlines a vision of Morocco for 2030. Regarding adaptation, Morocco intends to implement a sectoral approach, adapted to its varied natural conditions. The INDC sets several quantified sectoral goals for 2020 and 2030, which focus primarily on the water sector.  In 2016, Morocco submitted its first Nationally Determined Contribution (NDC), which sets new objectives for 2020 and 2030 for agriculture, fisheries and aquaculture, in addition to refining the objectives set by the INDC for water. In the NDC, Morocco estimates that the cost of implementation of adaptation projects between 2020 and 2030 for the water, forestry and agriculture sectors. The existing institutional framework in Morocco was built gradually to meet the requirements of the UNFCCC. Morocco’s National Committee for Climate Change was established in 2007 and oversees all climate-related activities. Morocco is addressing the 2030 development agenda and the Sustainable Development Goals, in relation to the country’s National Adaptation Plan.

 

How has the NAP-GSP supported to date?

Support with the NAP roadmap and the identification of adaptation investment priorities

Morocco has started its national adaptation planning process since 2015 and developed a detailed roadmap for its national adaptation plan. The NAP roadmap was highly consultative and involved a dialogue process the resulted in 10 national and regional workshops. The consultative process highlighted key gaps to be addressed, in particular with regard to the governance and coordination arrangements for climate adaptation planning, the identification and appraisal of adaptation investment priorities, the integration of adaptation considerations into budgeting systems, and the engagement with the private sector.

 

Production of a Stocktaking Report to identify entry points for the NAP process
 
Based on a stocktaking mission, a Stocktaking Report was produced in consultation with all key stakeholders. This preliminary work aimed at identifying the main actors and stakeholders in adaptation through a stakeholder analysis. This activity facilitated the analysis of the current institutional framework and capacity and outlined the best options for a governance structure and institutional coordination mechanisms in the Moroccan context.

 

Helped build capacity and  facilitated access to additional climate finance
 

 

 

A NAP readiness proposal for the GCF was formulated and submitted to the GCF in December 2018, to “Supporting the foundations for sustainable adaptation planning and financing in Morocco”.  The project has a strong focus on enhancing regional and local capacities for adaptation planning and financing. This GCF NAP readiness support project will achieve this objective through strengthening institutional framework for adaptation planning and awareness at the national and regional level. The second outcome focuses on regional adaptation plans (Territorial Plans against Global Warming) and sustainable financing strategies formulated for three vulnerable regions in Morocco. Thirdly, the project aims to strengthen the foundations for sustainable engagement of the private sector in finance for adaptation. The work undertaken through the GCF NAP project will be highly complementary and will be implemented in close collaboration with the readiness and preparatory support project, managed by the Agency for Agricultural Development (ADA), a GCF national accredited entity.
 

 

English
Region/Country: 
Level of Intervention: 
Key Collaborators: 
Coordinates: 
POINT (-6.328125006053 32.338200272423)
Location: 
News and Updates: 

Integrating climate change adaptation in development planning in Morocco - 27 September 2017 – What is the process to formulate and implement National Adaptation Plans (NAPs)? How can it be used to reduce Morocco’s vulnerability to climate change and integrate climate change adaptation into ongoing development planning processes?

Establishment of the “Morocco Global Compact Network” - 5 March 2018 - The Morocco Global Compact Network aims to position Moroccan companies in the international and regional networks of the United Nations Global Compact. It will allow the exchange of experiences and the promotion of good practices from the Moroccan private sector in terms of social responsibility and efforts made to achieve the Sustainable Development Goals.

Display Photo: 
Project Dates: 
2020
Timeline: 
Month-Year: 
2001
Description: 
Submits its First National Communications to the UNFCCC
Month-Year: 
2007
Description: 
Establishes its National Committee for Climate Change that oversees all climate-related activities. The Department for Sustainable Development chairs this committee
Month-Year: 
2010
Description: 
Submits its Second National Communications to the UNFCCC
Month-Year: 
2014
Description: 
Develops its National Climate Change Policy (MCCP) as a coordination tool of the various measures and initiatives on climate change
Month-Year: 
2015
Description: 
Submits its INDC that outlines a vision of Morocco for 2030. Morocco commences the adaptation planning process to take climate adaptation into account in the sectoral planning process
Month-Year: 
2016
Description: 
Submits its first Nationally Determined Contribution (NDC), which sets new objectives for 2020 and 2030 for agriculture, fisheries and aquaculture, in addition to refining the objectives set by the INDC for water
Month-Year: 
2016
Description: 
Submits its Third National Communication, which includes a summary of the most recent climate projections and studies
Month-Year: 
2017
Description: 
Organizes a second national workshop that focuses on the capacity building priorities identified by the roadmap.

Supporting Kyrgyz Republic to advance their NAP process

Country background, Sustainable Development Goals and Paris Agreement

The Kyrgyz Republic is a landlocked nation located in the heart of Central Asia and has an extreme continental climate, mostly arid, which is somewhat mitigated by increased cloudiness and precipitation due to the alpine relief. Drought is a common occurrence in the country, as are land and mudslides, avalanches, squalls, downpours, icing, frosts, breakthrough of glacial lakes, floods, rise of sub-soil waters, epidemics, pests, crop diseases, river erosion, and earthquakes. Temperatures in the Kyrgyz Republic have increased consistently over the past 80 years. Future projections indicate continued warming in the range of 2.6-4.8°C by the end of the century.

The Kyrgyz Republic has recognized the risks posed by climate change and began to take steps towards improving their adaptive capacity. In 2013, with support from the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) the Kyrgyz Republic developed and approved their first national strategic document on adaptation to climate change, Priority Directions for Adaptation to Climate Change in the Kyrgyz Republic Until 2017. The document focuses on the minimization of negative risks and the capitalization of potential opportunities of climate change for sustainable development.  The Government of the Kyrgyz Republic requested support for the development of its national adaptation plan (NAP) process, and is one of the first countries requesting Green Climate Fund (GCF) readiness financing for this purpose. With support from UNDP, a preliminary NAP support mission was undertaken April 2017 to identify, in consultation with stakeholders, the Kyrgyz Republic’s needs regarding the NAP process.

In 2015, the Kyrgyz Republic submitted its first INDC that outlined actions for climate change adaptation to be further developed and was linked to the "Priority Directions for Adaptation to Climate Change in the Kyrgyz Republic till 2017" strategic document strategy.  The Kyrgyz Republic together with the UN and other partners are working towards achieving the Sustainable Development Goals: 17 interconnected and ambitious Goals, which address the major development challenges faced by people in Kyrgyzstan and around the world. In order to do that, climate change has been elevated to a more central position in the national planning processes.

 

The Government of the Kyrgyz Republic has submitted a request for Green Climate Fund (GCF) Readiness and Preparatory Support for the initiation of its National Adaptation Plan process. This process will be consistent with the government’s strategic vision for climate change adaptation. The project proposal has prioritized adaptation planning through its national long-term strategic planning process and associated medium-term implementation plans, through which the long-term plan is implemented. The proposed project will advance the general goals of the NAP process, while addressing strategic priorities developed by the Government of Kyrgyz Republic and empowering the country to implement its NDC commitments.

How has the NAP-GSP supported to date?

Produced a stocktaking report to support the NAP Readiness and Preparatory Support Proposal 

Based on the findings of the stocktaking report, a Theory of Change was developed in a consultative process, aimed at strengthening national coordination and institutional arrangements for adaptation planning, formulating gender-responsive adaptation plans and budgets for priority sectors and strengthening climate change adaptation capacities at provincial and sub-national levels.

 

Identified entry points for the NAP process
 
Several prioritized NAP activities were identified in this report and include: (1) enhancing climate data and use in planning, (ii) carrying out sectoral, regional and ecosystem level vulnerability assessments, (iii) doing appraisal and costing of adaptation options, (iv) establishing a comprehensive monitoring framework and (v) developing an operational framework to fulfill gender-inclusion targets through the NAP process.
 

 

Helped build capacity and  facilitated access to additional climate finance
 

 

 

The Kyrgyz Republic prepared a Readiness and Preparatory Support Proposal that was first submitted to the Green Climate Fund (GCF) in June 2018. The project outlined in the Readiness proposal “Advancing development of a National Adaptation Plan (NAP) process for medium and long-term adaptation planning and implementation in the Kyrgyz Republic” and has an anticipated duration of 36 months.  The project objective is to strengthen institutions and enhance vertical and horizontal coordination for climate change adaptation planning, facilitate mainstreaming of climate risks at sectoral and subnational levels, and identify a program of priority climate change adaptation investments.
 

 

English
Region/Country: 
Level of Intervention: 
Key Collaborators: 
Coordinates: 
GEOMETRYCOLLECTION (POINT (74.531249979463 41.586688356211), POINT (74.531249979463 41.586688356211))
Location: 
News and Updates: 

UNDP Climate Promise - Ambition. Acceleration. Mobilization - 19 September 2019, New York - In support of the UN Secretary-General’s 2019 Climate Action Summit on 23 September, UNDP is scaling up its support to developing countries through “UNDP’s Climate Promise: Ambition, Acceleration and Mobilization."

The Russian scientific experience of agricultural irrigation to support resource efficiency in Kyrgyzstan - 30 June 2019, Kyrgyzstan - Agriculture is a resource intensive-production, affecting human health, livelihoods, and the environment. Besides, it has an important impact on the local economy in Osh province and Kyrgyzstan as a whole. In the context of the Central Asian region, crop production is impossible without proper irrigation and Kyrgyzstan has, comparatively, well-developed irrigation system.

Display Photo: 
Project Dates: 
2020
Timeline: 
Month-Year: 
Nov 2012
Description: 
The Government establishes the Climate Change Coordination Commission (CCCC) to coordinate all the activities related to climate change
Month-Year: 
Jan 2013
Description: 
The Kyrgyz Republic 2013–2017 National Sustainable Development Strategy (NSDS) is approved
Month-Year: 
Oct 2013
Description: 
The Priority Directions for Adaptation to Climate Change in the Kyrgyz Republic until 2017 is established
Month-Year: 
Sep 2016
Description: 
The first steps towards establishing a National Adaptation Plans process are taken at a high-level conference entitled ‘From Paris to Bishkek: On the Way to Sustainable Climate Resilient Development for Kyrgyzstan
Month-Year: 
Oct 2016
Description: 
The country’s Third National Communication to the UNFCCC is finalized and the Government sends an official request to the GCF and UNDP to begin work on a NAP support project
Month-Year: 
Apr 2017
Description: 
A preliminary stocktaking mission is undertaken by the National Adaptation Plans-Global Support Programme team to identify the Kyrgyz Republic’s needs regarding the NAP process, in consultation with stakeholders
Month-Year: 
Jun 2018
Description: 
A Readiness and Preparatory Support Proposal is submitted to the Green Climate Fund for review
Month-Year: 
Feb 2020
Description: 
The Kyrgyz Republic submits its National Determined Contribution