Supporting Tanzania to advance their NAP process

Project Overview

Jul 2015
The NAP-GSP, GIZ, and the UNDP Tanzania Country Office conduct a national training for ministries that results in a surge in government support
Aug 2016
The Tanzania Vulnerability and Adaptation Assessment highlights key adaptation priorities for the country’s health sector
May 2017
A comprehensive NAP stocktaking process begins, including regional workshops involving all 185 local councils in mainland Tanzania and Zanzibar
May 2018
A participatory process begins to update Tanzania’s Intended Nationally Determined Contribution and to align it with the NAP process
Sep 2018
A workshop is facilitated by the NAP-GSP to identify early priorities for the NAP strategy and provides technical support to the adaptation focal points
Dec 2018
The Ministry of Health supports by the national NAP team and funded by GIZ, WHO, and DFID, finalizes Tanzania’s Health NAP to Climate Change 2018-2023
Mar 2019
Development begins on a climate change statistics report to track implementation of SDG 13
Dec 2019
Tanzania submits a Readiness and Preparatory Support Proposal for adaptation planning to the GCF

Country background, Sustainable Development Goals and Paris Agreement

The United Republic of Tanzania is one of the largest countries in East Africa. Besides its mainland, the country also includes the semi-autonomous archipelago of Zanzibar, which lies roughly 35 km off the mainland’s coast. It is bordered by Kenya and Uganda to its north, Rwanda, Burundi, Democratic Republic of Congo, and Zambia to its west, Malawi and Mozambique to its south, and the Indian Ocean to its east. Tanzania is bestowed with a relative abundant level of natural resources and has comparative advantages in the production of many crops, such as coffee, tea, maize, rice, and cashew nuts, amongst others.

In recent years, the country experienced a significant change in its climatic conditions, including increasing temperatures, rising sea levels, intensified rain fall patterns, and longer dry spells.  Livelihoods and food supply are highly dependent on rainfed agriculture, which makes up around 80 percent of total agricultural output. Around 25 percent of Tanzania’s GDP is generated by the agriculture sector, which employs between 75 to 80 percent of the population.  Likewise, coastal and inland fisheries are increasingly placed in jeopardy by sedimentation after heavy rains and warming ocean and freshwater temperatures.

In recent years, the government has taken necessary steps to address the adverse effects of climate change and its wider environmental consequences. The country acknowledges that successfully dealing with these issues requires a wide range of measures. Its Second National Communication to the UNFCCC (2015) presents risks and vulnerabilities for its key economic sectors - water, health, agriculture, rangelands and livestock, forestry, wildlife, tourism, and coastal and marine environment. For each sector the government has analyzed the detailed potential impacts that climate change is expected to have and has developed standard responses to counter climate variability.

Tanzania’s National Adaptation Programme of Action, the Hyogo Framework of Action 2005-2015, the Agriculture Climate Resilience Plan 2014-2019, the National Climate Change Strategy, and Zanzibar Adaptation Strategy have provided strategic entry points for the government for the initiation of its National Adaptation Planning (NAP) process. The NAP process was officially established in July 2015 with a national training for ministers that led to the launch of the NAP Roadmap. In May 2016, a national multi-sector, multi-agency NAP team with around 30 experts was formed and was supported by the institution of a NAP Secretariat based at the Vice-President’s Office, assisted by GIZ. Subsequently, capacity-building trainings and workshops for the national NAP team were conducted to ensure ownership and coordination among government agencies. A comprehensive stocktaking of climate information, vulnerabilities, capacities and gaps at national and sub-national levels has been carried out in 2017 and 2018, involving the environment officers of all 185 local councils of Tanzania.

How has the NAP-GSP supported to date?

 

Support with the NAP process and roadmap

 

The NAP process was officially established in July 2015 with a national training for ministers that led to the launch of the NAP Roadmap. In May 2016, the NAP-GSP kicked off the NAP process with an inception workshop for a two-year bilateral NAP support project funded by the German Ministry for Economic Cooperation and Development (BMZ), co-funded by USAID and implemented by GIZ. The inception was followed by the formation of the NAP Secretariat and a national multi-sector and multi-agency NAP Team of 30 experts.
 

 

Produced of a Stocktaking Report to identify entry points for the NAP process
 
A comprehensive stocktaking of climate information, vulnerabilities, capacities and gaps at national and sub-national levels was conducted in 2017 and 2018, involving the environment officers of all 185 local councils of Tanzania. Tanzania’s National Adaptation Programme of Action, the National Climate Change Strategy, and Zanzibar Adaptation Strategy have provided strategic entry points for the government for the initiation of its National Adaptation Planning (NAP) process.
 

 

Helped build capacity and  awareness
 

 

 

With the support of international development partners, the government established the NAP Secretariat, hosted by the Vice President’s Office. The secretariat has supported several workshops and training events to capacitate key sectors and agencies, as well as its NAP Team. To increase awareness amongst stakeholders and ensure government ownership, the team conducted awareness raising events and engaged all 185 councils, both in Tanzania mainland and Zanzibar.

 

News

UNDP disburses 1.3bn/- for climate change adaptation projects - 18 May 2017 - The United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) recently disbursed 1.3bn/- to six NGOs to help vulnerable local communities to mitigate the effects climate change through solar power solutions.

UNDP Facilitates NGOs Proposal Writing Workshop on Gender, Climate Change and Energy in the Context of SDGs - 2 November 2016 - The UNDP Tanzania’s Environmental Sustainability, Climate Change and Resilience pillar recently held a proposal-writing workshop with the aim of capacitating NGOs to integrate gender and SDGs.

Country Initiatives

Supporting LDCs to advance National Adaptation Plans

Supporting Benin to advance their NAP Process

NAP-GSP has provided support to identify adaptation planning activities and support to leverage finance for NAPs. The 'NAP in focus: Lessons from Benin' publication has been prepared in collaboration with the Government of Benin.

 

Supporting Burundi to advance their NAP Process

UNDP is supporting Burundi with initial NAP stocktaking and identification of needs regarding their adaptation planning and budgeting.

Supporting Cambodia to advance their NAP Process

Country background, Sustainable Development Goals and Paris Agreement

Supporting Comoros to advance their NAP process

Country background, Sustainable Development Goals and Paris Agreement

Supporting Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC) to advance their NAP Process

A mission took place from 21-30 October 2016, to consult stakeholders on adaptation priorities and key activities to advance the NAP process. As a result of the mission, a stocktaking report was developed by NAP-GSP on the degree of integration of CCA into budgeting and planning processes at all level (national, sectoral, local). The stocktaking report has also identified the most urgent adaptation needs and the underlying strategic actions needed to implement them.

Supporting Djibouti to advance their NAP Process

Country background, Sustainable Development Goals and Paris Agreement

Supporting Guinea Bissau to advance their NAP Process

Country background, Sustainable Development Goals and Paris Agreement

Supporting Guinea Conakry to advance their NAP process

Country background, Sustainable Development Goals and Paris Agreement

Supporting Liberia to advance their NAP Process

Country background, Sustainable Development Goals and Paris Agreement

Supporting Madagascar to advance their NAP Process

A publication 'NAP in focus: Lessons from Madagascar' has been prepared by NAP-GSP outlining the lessons learnt from the NAP processes in Madagascar.

Supporting Mauritania to advance their NAP Process

Country background, Sustainable Development Goals and Paris Agreement

Supporting Mozambique to advance their NAP Process

Country background, Sustainable Development Goals and Paris Agreement

Supporting Niger to advance their NAP Process

A NAP mission was conducted from 29 August to 2 September 2016 to identify priority interventions to advance the NAP process. Consultations were held with the Green Climate Fund National Committee, which includes the Ministry of Planning, the Ministry of Finance, and the High Commission on the 3N Initiative, and the main counterparts at the National Council on Environment for Sustainable Development.

Supporting Senegal to advance their NAP Process

The Government of Senegal participated a side event in COP 21 on 'Adaptation Finance: what countries can do to scale up adaptation finance' on 3rd December 2015. Madeleine Diouf Sarr (Director for Climate Change) presented the outcomes of the LDCF-funded projects in Senegal and emphasized the process to mobilize funds through direct access, including setting up a national climate change trust fund and accrediting a national implementing entity to the Adaptation Fund which allowed them to use the fast track accreditation process for the GCF.

Supporting Tanzania to advance their NAP Process

Country background, Sustainable Development Goals and Paris Agreement