Supporting Chad to advance their NAP process

Project Overview

Chad signs the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC), which was later ratified on 30 April 1993
Chad adopts the National Adaptation Programme of Action (NAPA) for Climate Change
Chad submits its INDC to the UNFCCC
Chad ratifies the Paris Agreement
Chad starts implementing the “Chad National Adaptation Plan” project
Chad's National Adaptation Plan is published on the UNFCCC

Country background, Sustainable Development Goals and Paris Agreement

The Republic of Chad is located in north-central Africa and is dominated by the Saharan desert, covering half of its 1,284,634 km2. The Sahelian ecological zone runs through the center of the country, and is characterized by poor soils and scrubland. In the south, the wetter Sudanian savanna zone is dominated by forest and wooded savannah. The country’s unique position within the Middle Africa region aligns it with both the Congo Basin and the Sahel (as a member of both the Central African Forests Commission and the Permanent Interstate Committee for Drought Control in the Sahel). Landlocked, the country is home to about 15.4 million people (2018 estimate), with only 28 percent of the population lives in urban areas.

According to the IPCC, Chad is projected to experience a moderate increase in temperature of between 0.6 and 1.3 Celsius (under a medium warming scenario) by 2023 and 1 to 2.5 Celsius of warming expected by 2050. It is expected that the number of “hot” days and nights will increase, while there will be a decrease in the number of “cold” days and nights. With respect to precipitation changes, model simulations for the Sahel remain widely divergent; some models estimate that mean annual precipitation could decrease by up to 28 percent, while others suggest that it could increase by up to 29 percent by the 2090s. A significant increase in extreme rainfall events (greater than 50 mm in the maximum five-day precipitation) has also been projected—a change that could increase runoff and flooding conditions.

In September 2015, Chad submitted its Nationally Determined Contribution to the UNFCCC.  In order to provide a better living environment for Chadians, the government has drawn up "Vision 2030, the Chad we want," which is broken down into three national development plans. The first, covering the period 2017-2021. Chad, through its commitment, will pursue efforts to reduce social inequalities and improve the wellbeing of populations, protect the environment and economic diversification. In response to these expected climate change impacts, the United Nations Development Programme is working with the Government of Chad to implement The Chad National Adaptation Plan Advancement Project is intended to integrate climate change adaptation into medium- and long-term planning and budgeting of climate-sensitive sectors. Chad’s NAP will be anchored in the Chadian Vision 2030 and contribute to the effective integration of adaptation. It incorporates priorities including new productive capabilities and opportunities for the creation of decent work, the development of human capital, the fight against desertification, environmental protection, and adaptation to climate change and improved governance. Under the first component in the NAP, it includes the development of integrated information systems and a climate and socioeconomic database, the project will support planning and decision-making based on scientific evidence. As a result, Chad will be endowed with a national framework able to produce forecasts and assess the vulnerability of production systems to the adverse effects of climate change.  In addition, Chad is receiving support from UN Environment to access funding from the Green Climate Fund on adaptation planning.

How has the NAP-GSP supported to date?


Supported the NAP regional workshop 


In 2014, Chad attended the NAP-GSP Francophone Africa Regional Training Workshop, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia to share best practices from countries in the region. Key stakeholders from Chad identified six barriers for implementing the NAP during the project-planning meeting held on 26 May 2017 in N'Djamena.



Supported the formulation of a Roadmap 

In Chad, a basic need for analysis was identified, the NAP GSP supported Chad carry out the preparations for a road map for conducting the NAP process.


Helped build capacity for accessing climate financing for launch of NAP



The government of Chad launched their NAP project at the end of 2019. The NAP project is implemented by the Ministry of the Environment and Fisheries in Chad and is funded through the Global Environment Facility LDC Fund. It was developed with the support of the NAP-GSP.



Vers une atténuation et une acclimatation du Tchad aux effets du changement climatique

Le Projet Plan National d’Adaptation aux Changements Climatiques du PNUD TCHAD couvre désormais toutes ses zones d’intervention

Le Plan National d’Adaptation au changement climatique (PNA) opérationnel dans la zone méridionale - February 2020 - Permettez-moi de remercier l’équipe du PNA pour avoir lancer le projet dans la zone soudanienne et de proposer cette formation sur le changement climatique. Pendant longtemps, on a pensé que le changement climatique est une affaire des autres et qu’on ne peut pas être touché. On s’est rendu compte maintenant que le changement climatique est un phénomène réel qui affecte tout le monde.

Lancement du « Plan National d’Adaptation aux changements climatiques » - Octobre 2019 - Le PNUD et le Ministère de l’Environnement, de l’Eau et de la Pêche, ont lancé officiellement le projet « Plan National d’Adaptation aux changement climatiques » (PNA), ouvrant sa mise en œuvre à l’échelle nationale.

Country Initiatives

Supporting LDCs to advance National Adaptation Plans

Supporting Benin to advance their NAP Process

NAP-GSP has provided support to identify adaptation planning activities and support to leverage finance for NAPs. The 'NAP in focus: Lessons from Benin' publication has been prepared in collaboration with the Government of Benin.


Supporting Burundi to advance their NAP Process

UNDP is supporting Burundi with initial NAP stocktaking and identification of needs regarding their adaptation planning and budgeting.

Supporting Comoros to advance their NAP process

Country background, Sustainable Development Goals and Paris Agreement

Supporting Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC) to advance their NAP Process

A mission took place from 21-30 October 2016, to consult stakeholders on adaptation priorities and key activities to advance the NAP process. As a result of the mission, a stocktaking report was developed by NAP-GSP on the degree of integration of CCA into budgeting and planning processes at all level (national, sectoral, local). The stocktaking report has also identified the most urgent adaptation needs and the underlying strategic actions needed to implement them.

Supporting Djibouti to advance their NAP Process

Country background, Sustainable Development Goals and Paris Agreement

Supporting Guinea Bissau to advance their NAP Process

Country background, Sustainable Development Goals and Paris Agreement

Supporting Guinea Conakry to advance their NAP process

Country background, Sustainable Development Goals and Paris Agreement

Supporting Liberia to advance their NAP Process

Country background, Sustainable Development Goals and Paris Agreement

Supporting Madagascar to advance their NAP Process

A publication 'NAP in focus: Lessons from Madagascar' has been prepared by NAP-GSP outlining the lessons learnt from the NAP processes in Madagascar.

Supporting Mauritania to advance their NAP Process

Country background, Sustainable Development Goals and Paris Agreement

Supporting Mozambique to advance their NAP Process

Country background, Sustainable Development Goals and Paris Agreement

Supporting Niger to advance their NAP Process

A NAP mission was conducted from 29 August to 2 September 2016 to identify priority interventions to advance the NAP process. Consultations were held with the Green Climate Fund National Committee, which includes the Ministry of Planning, the Ministry of Finance, and the High Commission on the 3N Initiative, and the main counterparts at the National Council on Environment for Sustainable Development.

Supporting Senegal to advance their NAP Process

The Government of Senegal participated a side event in COP 21 on 'Adaptation Finance: what countries can do to scale up adaptation finance' on 3rd December 2015. Madeleine Diouf Sarr (Director for Climate Change) presented the outcomes of the LDCF-funded projects in Senegal and emphasized the process to mobilize funds through direct access, including setting up a national climate change trust fund and accrediting a national implementing entity to the Adaptation Fund which allowed them to use the fast track accreditation process for the GCF.