National

Taxonomy Term List

SCALA Argentina

Argentina is considered a high-income economy with a GDP of US$600 billion in 2016 and a population of over 44 million. In the last decades, the country has experienced marked growth in its agriculture and food sectors, accounting to 54 percent of its land use, and playing a strategic role in the socio-economic development of the country, with 54 percent of employment. Agriculture and animal husbandry and fragile ecosystems are also especially vulnerable to the intensification of extreme climate events, affecting the production and supply of food on a national and global scale. The country is considered a top emitter for agriculture, forestry and other land use sectors, contributing to 2.1 percent of the global emissions, and with domestic emissions made up of livestock (21.6 percent); agriculture (5.8 percent) and land-use change and forestry (9.8 percent). 

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Argentina’s climate change plans and priorities

In 2016, Argentina submitted its nationally determined contribution (NDC) that identified several agriculture-related priorities. Argentina has prioritized the development of adaptative capacities and the promotion of agriculture’s strategic role as a solution to climate change. In 2020, the country signed the new United Nations Strategic Cooperation Framework (2021-2025) and confirmed its interest to push forward the agenda that seeks to enhance ambition and catalyze action for land-use and agriculture. Argentina submitted its second NDC in December 2020, ratifying a more ambitious commitment to the Paris Agreement and providing a specific and broader role to adaptation, with the national goal of decreasing 19 percent of its total GHG emissions by 2030. The country has committed to elaborate its Long-Term Climate Strategy by the end of 2021.

The key priorities communicated for the agriculture and land-use sector focus mainly on prioritization of adaptation, strengthening the role of agribusiness as a source of solutions to climate change, integrating agro-industrial production and encouraging the development of process and product technologies. To support the National Adaptation Plan (NAP) process, Argentina is implementing the Readiness Project for the NAP Process, financed by the Green Climate Fund and implemented by UNDP.

Along with these actions, the country aims to strengths the implementation of Minimum Budgets for the Environmental Protection of Native Forests, as well as achieve a substantial reduction in the deforestation rate. To support this goal the country implements the National Forest Management Plan with Integrated Livestock (MBGI), the Forest Watershed Plans and Comprehensive Community Plans (PIC), and the national forest extension system and the Deforestation Early Warning System (SAT). By 2030, the country also expects to deepen the development of fire, flood, and drought prevention measures - of great importance for the agricultural, livestock and forestry sectors.

 

Overcoming barriers in the implementation of climate plans

Argentina faces different types of barriers in achieving its adaptation and mitigation goals. There is a lack of planning for sustainable management of native forests `and agri-food systems. There are gaps in the articulation between managing bodies/ministries, as well as inefficient bureaucratic financing channels and there are difficulties for producers to access financing. The objective of the NAP in Argentina is to carry out the process in a participatory manner across managing bodies and ministries. The process requires economic efforts to ensure the full participation of all representatives and to support them in parallel processes for formulating provincial plans.   

 

Moving ahead - 2021 and beyond

Argentina’s agriculture is highly innovative and has much to offer in terms of win-win climate actions. It has great potential to scale up actions and production processes that will simultaneously cut mitigate emissions and enhance resilience to improve productivity. Argentina is one of the 100 countries being supported by UNDP’s Climate Promise to enhance their NDCs. The country is also part of FAO’s Sub-Regional Project on "Low Emission Livestock, a contribution to the Sustainable Development of the Sector in South America, and many other projects related to climate management.

The government of Argentina considers the SCALA programme as strong support for the revision of its NAP in the agricultural sector, and to carry out actions that allow the implementation and achievement of the commitments established in the country’s NDC. The programme will leverage participatory methods to address Argentina’s institutional and financial barriers, which allow for a transformative shift in the agriculture and land use sectors. Moreover, to engage and mobilize the private sector to increase its investments in climate action. With the SCALA programme supporting Argentina over the next five years, UNDP and FAO will strive to foster a more inclusive multi-stakeholder process that eventually meets the needs of smallholder farmers, rural communities, women, and youth, who are the most vulnerable to climate change.

 

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2020 to 2025
SDGs: 
SDG 13 - Climate Action

SCALA Costa Rica

Country overview 

Costa Rica is in Central America and has a varied topography that includes coastal plains separated by rugged mountains, including over 100 volcanic cones and inhabits around 5 percent of the planet’s biodiversity. Costa Rica is among global leaders in responding to climate change, with a long history of environmental protection, sustainable development, and action on climate change mitigation. Costa Rica’s vulnerability to extreme climate events and natural hazards is a result of the presence of populations in areas prone to volcanic eruptions and in unstable lands, degraded by wide-spread cattle ranching, or in poorly planned settlements prone to landslides and flooding. A total of 36 percent of Costa Rica’s land use is attributed to agriculture, and it accounts for 14 percent of the country’s employment. 

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Country priorities 

Costa Rica’s Costa Rica National Climate Change Adaptation Policy (2018-2030), states the priorities with respect to agricultural sustainable production, namely the 1) promotion of adaptation based on ecosystems outside the State's natural heritage, through the conservation of biodiversity in biological corridors, private reserves and farms under forest regime 2) promotion of water security in the face of climate change, through the protection and monitoring of sources and proper management of hydrological basinsThe National Development Plan (2019-2022) reaffirmed the ambitious goal to promote a carbon neutral economy by 2021 and laid out strategies to promote renewable energy, reduce GHG emissions, and consider adaptation initiatives.  

In 2016, Costa Rica submitted its first NDC. Costa Rica’s National Climate Change Adaptation Policy (2018-2030), as well as the National Decarbonization Plan (2018-2050) and the NAMA coffeeNAMA livestock, NAMA sugarcane and NAMA Musaceae, reflect the continued commitment of the country towards the ambitious goal to promote a carbon-neutral economy, while implementing the adaptation agenda. In December 2020, Costa Rica submitted its revised NDCincluding a climate change adaptation component with clear commitments for 2030. 

 

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Project Dates: 
2020 to 2025
SDGs: 
SDG 13 - Climate Action

SCALA Cote D'Ivoire

Country overview 

Côte d’Ivoire is located in West Africa along the Gulf of Guinea with the Atlantic running along its southern edge. As a top world exporter of cocoa and cashews and with 70 percent of the working population employed in the agricultural industry, Côte d’Ivoire is vulnerable to variations in weather and climate as well as external shocks in its export trade. Côte d’Ivoire has the second largest economy in West Africa. High rainfall in the south fuels a fertile agricultural industry, which contributes to 27 percent of GDP. A heavy economic reliance on agriculture, in addition to continued environmental degradation and deforestation all contribute to the country’s vulnerability to climate change. In addition, the agriculture and land use sectors hold an 18 percent share of the country's total GHG emissions. 

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POINT (-5.3118896546725 8.0592309607409)
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Country priorities

The Ministry of Environment and Sustainable Development (MINEDD) of Côte d‘Ivoire is the key coordinating body for formulating and updating climate and environmental policies for sustainable development. Côte d’Ivoire ratified the Paris Agreement in 2016 and submitted their first NDC the same year. The NDC intends to reconcile development and reduction of GHG emissions. Due to the country’s vulnerability to climate change impacts, especially in the key agricultural exports sector, adaptation is also a priority.  

The revision of the NDC ahead of COP26 in 2021 is ongoing, and the NAP process has been underway in Côte d’Ivoire since 2015. The adaptation planning is crucial in 11 identified priority sectors that are most vulnerable to climate change, including agriculture, forestry, land use and gender as a cross-cutting theme. The second generation National Agricultural Investment Program 2017-2025 aims to increase added value of agricultural products; strengthen agricultural production systems that are respectful of the environment; and promote inclusive growth.  

 

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Project Dates: 
2020 to 2025
SDGs: 
SDG 13 - Climate Action

SCALA Egypt

The Arab Republic of Egypt is a developing country in Northern Africa. This terrain consists of a vast desert plateau that has a fresh water renewable resource - the River Nile and its Nile Valley and Delta. Most of Egypt’s population and infrastructure are concentrated in the Nile Delta and along the Mediterranean coast, which makes the country vulnerable to the impacts of sea level rise, particularly inundation and saltwater intrusion. About 15 percent of the most fertile arable land in the Nile Delta is already negatively affected by sea level rise and saltwater intrusion. With this negative impact, climate change studies predict a reduction in productivity of two major crops in Egypt - wheat and maize – by 15 percent and 19 percent, respectively, by 2050. Nevertheless, agriculture is the biggest employer involving over 31.2 percent of the total population.  The agriculture sector contributed 14 percent to the GDP in 2009 and contributes 10 percent of the country's total GHG emissions. 

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POINT (29.102783190725 26.326248946066)
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Egypt’s climate change plans and priorities 

In 2011, a National Strategy for Adaptation to Climate Change and Disaster Risk Reduction was released. This strategy lays out the path to overcome the challenges raised by climate change and estimates the investment required to reach its strategic goals. Egypt ratified the Paris Agreement in June 2017 and submitted their nationally determined contribution (NDC), which focuses on the sustainability of agriculture, the environment, water resources, energy, and land management as priority areas.  

Egypt’s NDC pledges to reduce its GHG emissions; particularly reducing CO2 emissions by 20 percent from the baseline emissions level of 250MtCO2 emissions by 2030. Each sector of the economy has set mitigation targets; particularly for the agriculture, forest, and other land-use sectors, the mitigation targets include recycling agricultural waste and manure and the implementation of a national MRV system. Additionally, the NDC outlines Adaptation Action Packages with specific adaptation goals for the most vulnerable sectors, including agriculture. Such adaptation actions include building an effective institutional system to manage climate change associated crises and disasters at the national level.

UNDP office in Egypt is implementing a Green Climate Fund (GCF)-financed National Adaptation Plan (NAP) Readiness project aiming to formulate and advance Egypt’s National Adaptation Plans Process. This NAP process targets to build/enhance climate resilience in all the sectors of the economy by improving institutional and technical capacity for climate change adaptation (CCA) planning, examining climate risks, determining CCA priorities, integrating CCA into national and sectoral planning and budgeting, and increasing investment in adaptation actions. This NAP process also targets to identify private sector actors with potential to invest in climate change actions. Already there is a large and fast-growing small and medium-sized enterprises (SME) sector and a large domestic market.

 

Overcoming barriers in implementation of climate plans

The main barriers towards implementation of mitigation and adaptation measures and progress in the agriculture, forests, and other land use (AFOLU) sectors are in institutional and technical capacity to undertake evidence generation through climate risk vulnerability assessments. Most policymakers and technical experts in the Ministries still require enhanced understanding of climate change impacts and the technical skills necessary to craft and implement appropriate CCA integration and interventions. There are institutional barriers related to the functioning of the Measuring, Reporting, and Verifying (MRV) systems on mitigation and adaptation measures and progress in the AFOLU sectors. Egypt plans to build institutional coordination and capacity on climate risks management and to undertake climate adaptation planning, as well as overcome the barrier of insufficient financial resources and budget allocations dedicated to adaptation actions.

Already, the government of Egypt has embarked on preparing a NAP framework; a process that involves assessing and addressing institutional and technical capacity gaps for adaptation planning and management of adaptation actions, national level climate risks and vulnerability assessments and identification of sectoral adaptation priorities, and mapping of mid- and long-term climate change adaptation financing options. 

 

Moving ahead – 2021 and beyond

The Ministry of Environment and the Egyptian Environmental Affairs Agency has officially approved and cleared the implementation the SCALA programme in Egypt. A background desk review of relevant climate change plans and documents has been undertaken, as well as a baseline report has been produced. This will be further informed by the stocktaking and climate action review exercise for the identification and validation of climate actions with transformative potential in the AFOLU sectors.

Through initial consultations with the Ministry of Environment and Ministry of Agriculture & Land Reclamation, it has been recommended that the SCALA programme supports the NAP development process under the recently launched GCF-NAP Readiness project. SCALA deliverables therefore will be designed to serve as inputs to the NAP project through which Egypt’s overall NAP will be developed. Contributions will mostly be towards evidence generation through climate risk and vulnerability assessments, innovative climate research on water management and irrigation adaption measures, capacity needs assessment reports on disaster risk reduction and early warning mechanisms in AFOLU sectors, and environmental impact assessments of land use plans.

By supporting the preparation of National Adaption Plan Framework, which will target to address the mitigation and adaptation barriers, the SCALA programme in Egypt will contribute to the country’s long-term goal of decreasing climate vulnerability and building climate resilience of AFOLU sectors. By establishing a framework for improving institutional and technical capacity for climate change adaptation planning it will help the country enhance climate action needed by 2030. The programme will support assessments of climate risks and vulnerabilities, determining climate change mitigation and adaptation priorities, and integrating climate change mitigation and adaptation into national and sectoral planning and budgeting.

 

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Project Dates: 
2020 to 2025
SDGs: 
SDG 13 - Climate Action

SCALA Ethiopia

Ethiopia is a landlocked country in Northeast Africa and has a population of over 112 million people. Its agriculture sector plays a major role in the national economy, contributing to 34.5 percent of GDP in 2020. Smallholder farming accounts for approximately 95 percent of agricultural production and 85 percent of total employment. In Ethiopia, agriculture and land-use are high GHG emitting sectors with around 80 percent of domestic emissions. Ethiopia’s agriculture sector is extremely vulnerable to climate change due to its high dependence on natural resources, and relatively low adaptive capacity – especially in rural areas – to deal with frequently experienced extreme events and longer-term variability, including droughts and floods, rainfall variability and pest invasions.

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POINT (39.649658188836 8.0205605250015)
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Ethiopia’s climate change plans and priorities

The Government of Ethiopia submitted its nationally determined contribution (NDC) to the United Nations Framework on Climate Change (UNFCCC) in 2016, and formally submitted an updated NDC in July 2021. The updated NDC builds on, and is in line with, the country’s development goals as laid out in its Growth and Transformation Plan II, its Climate Resilient Green Economy (CRGE) Strategy, the emerging Long-Term Low Emission Development Strategy, the Green Legacy Initiative, and Ethiopia’s 10-year Development Plan. The bulk of Ethiopia’s NDC adaptation commitments are focused on the agriculture and land use sectors, with priority areas including livestock diversification, drought-resistant animal breeding, rangeland management, crop, and livestock insurance. Ethiopia formulated its National Adaptation Plan (NAP) in 2017, along with a NAP Implementation Roadmap that further categorized the short-term adaptation priorities (such as capacity building, strengthening the enabling environment and promoting research), as well as long-term sector-specific priorities.

In its final National Adaptation Plan (NAP-ETH, 2019), Ethiopia prioritized adaptation in the sectors considered most vulnerable to climate change, namely: agriculture, forestry, health, transport, energy, industry, water and urban. Within these sectors, 18 adaptation options are identified for implementation at all administrative levels, recognizing the considerable diversity in context and vulnerability across Ethiopia’s regions and social groups. Ethiopia is working to integrate climate information into planning and decision-making for development interventions, and prioritizing climate resilience across policies to improve the adaptive capacity at national/federal, regional and Woreda levels. The plan is guided by the principles of participation, coherent interventions, stakeholder empowerment, gender sensitivity, equitable implementation, and partnership, especially with the private sector.

 

Overcoming barriers in the implementation of climate plans

Whilst Ethiopia has made strides in mainstreaming adaptation and mitigation priorities into its national agriculture development plans and projects, one of the main barriers to achieving adaptation and mitigation goals remains the limited understanding and technical capacity for implementing them at the local level.  It was identified in the CRGE Strategy progress report that there is limited capacity at the local level to carry out climate risk and vulnerability assessments, gender analysis and assessments, and cost benefit analyses for prioritising adaptation and mitigation options.

Given SCALA’s programme objectives to achieve systems-level transformative change, the programme in consultation with Ethiopia’s Ministry of Agriculture, the Ministry of Finance, and its Environment, Forest and Climate Change Commission (EFCCC), has identified livelihood-centred agro-ecological transitions as a priority. Preliminary work under SCALA has also identified entry points for catalysing transformative climate action in the agriculture and land use sector within selected agro-ecological zones (AEZ). For example, with the need for more gender-responsive climate risk analyses, the SCALA programme plans to carry out a gender analysis of selected value chains in vulnerable AEZs. This will include an appraisal of the cost and benefits of value chain-based interventions to spur inclusive climate action. Establishing a strong evidence base that is also rooted in local contexts would then set the foundation for designing a transformative climate action implementation plan at local levels, with a gender and social inclusion lens.

 

Moving ahead – 2021 and beyond

The Government of Ethiopia aims to proactively pursue further integration of climate change adaptation in its development policies and strategies, including macroeconomic and sectoral policies at regional and local levels. In support of this target, the SCALA programme will leverage participatory methods to address Ethiopia’s institutional and financial barriers to mainstream climate change at all administrative levels, to allow for a transformative shift in their agriculture and land use sectors. Building on the capacity gaps identified in scoping exercises, the programme will seek to enhance institutional capacities of the country to support the management of climate budget tagging systems, to undertake climate finance and resource mobilization, and to engage and mobilize the private sector to increase its investments in climate action. It also intends to develop stronger knowledge and information sharing platforms for bridging the gap between national, regional and woreda level governance mechanisms. Additionally, the implementation of SCALA programme will support the establishment of enabling environment and de-risking instruments to engage and incentivize private sector investments in climate actions.

The expectation of undertaking such activities is that they will help the country accelerate its NDC and NAP implementation. With the SCALA programme supporting Ethiopia over the next five years, UNDP and FAO will strive to foster a more inclusive, multi-stakeholder process that meets the needs of smallholder farmers, rural communities, women, and youth, who are the most vulnerable to climate change.

 

Project Status: 
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Project Dates: 
2020 to 2025
SDGs: 
SDG 13 - Climate Action

SCALA Senegal

Country priorities 

Senegal is a Sahelian country located in West Africa with a steadily growing economy over recent years. However, poverty in Senegal is still prevalent in rural areas, where roughly 60 percent of the population resides. The other 40 percent of the population resides in urban areas, where the majority live in rapidly growing urban suburbs. Low agricultural production, limited capacity of the economy to create sustainable jobs, and inadequate resource allocation for social services contribute to poverty. Senegal is vulnerable to a number of climate-related impacts, such as drought, locust invasion, flooding, sea-level rise, coastal erosion and related health epidemics as well as bush fires. The agriculture sector in Senegal represents 36 percent of its GHG emissions and 16.6 percent of GDP. 

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POINT (-15.224304203678 14.897604348482)
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Country priorities 

The country developed a National Adaptation Programme of Action (NAPA) in 2006 and submitted an INDC in 2015, which outlined Senegal’s plans for mitigation and adaptation.  There is strong institutional coordination on climate change in Senegal. The NDC was recently revised and submitted ahead of COP26 in 2021, while sectoral NAPs are currently under development. The Plan for an Emerging Senegal (Plan Sénégal Emergent) reflects the strong political will for development based on more sustainable production patterns and food systems. Since 2019, various actors involved in agroecology in Senegal have come together under the DyTAES (Dynamique pour une Transition AgroEcologique au Sénégal) framework to contribute to the reflections of the Senegalese government with a view to building an agroecological transition policy. FAO has also been supporting Senegal through the “Strengthening National Adaptation Planning Capacities for Food Security and Nutrition” project focusing on an interdisciplinary and multi-stakeholder approach to increase resilience of the agriculture sector. 

 

Project Status: 
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Project Dates: 
2020 to 2025
SDGs: 
SDG 13 - Climate Action

SCALA Uganda

Country overview 

Uganda experiences the effects of climate change in the form of increased temperatures, frequent disease outbreak and insect infestations, disrupted rainfall patterns, and frequent floods and droughts.  While Uganda has progressively undergone social and economic growth and transformation, consequently reducing its poverty rate by 23 percent over the last two decades, sustained gains will require continued investments in agriculture, and the inclusive participation in economic growth of women as well the population reported poor in 2019. With 95 percent of the population engaged in rain-fed subsistence farming for food and cash income, the country’s reliance on rain-fed agriculture remains a risk to economic growth, income of farmers, as well as export earnings. Agriculture contributes up to 40 percent of Uganda’s total GDP and over 90 percent of the country’s foreign exchange earnings. The agriculture sector contributes to 27 percent of emissions, followed by the land-use and forestry sector with approximately 60 percent of emissions.  

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POINT (33.115539537662 1.5134964330573)
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Country priorities 

In its first NDC, Uganda prioritized adaptation. The country is committed to work on reducing climate change vulnerability and addressing adaptation in agriculture and livestock, forestry, infrastructure (with an emphasis on human settlements, social infrastructure and transport), water, energy, health and disaster risk management. Sustainable Land Management (SLM), sustainable natural resources management (mainly wetlands and natural forests restoration, open water bodies protection), and climate-smart agriculture will be scaled up to increase resilience and adaptability at community level and leverage synergies with the county’s land-based mitigation goals.  

Uganda was part of the FAO and UNDP supported NAP-Ag Programme and developed a gender responsive NAP-Ag framework.  With support from the NAP-Ag Programme, Uganda formulated a National Adaptation Plan (NAP) for the agriculture sector, which now requires support for implementation. 

 

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Project Dates: 
2020 to 2025
SDGs: 
SDG 13 - Climate Action

Supporting Chad to advance their NAP process

Country background, Sustainable Development Goals and Paris Agreement

The Republic of Chad is located in north-central Africa and is dominated by the Saharan desert, covering half of its 1,284,634 km2. The Sahelian ecological zone runs through the center of the country, and is characterized by poor soils and scrubland. In the south, the wetter Sudanian savanna zone is dominated by forest and wooded savannah. The country’s unique position within the Middle Africa region aligns it with both the Congo Basin and the Sahel (as a member of both the Central African Forests Commission and the Permanent Interstate Committee for Drought Control in the Sahel). Landlocked, the country is home to about 15.4 million people (2018 estimate), with only 28 percent of the population lives in urban areas.

According to the IPCC, Chad is projected to experience a moderate increase in temperature of between 0.6 and 1.3 Celsius (under a medium warming scenario) by 2023 and 1 to 2.5 Celsius of warming expected by 2050. It is expected that the number of “hot” days and nights will increase, while there will be a decrease in the number of “cold” days and nights. With respect to precipitation changes, model simulations for the Sahel remain widely divergent; some models estimate that mean annual precipitation could decrease by up to 28 percent, while others suggest that it could increase by up to 29 percent by the 2090s. A significant increase in extreme rainfall events (greater than 50 mm in the maximum five-day precipitation) has also been projected—a change that could increase runoff and flooding conditions.

In September 2015, Chad submitted its Nationally Determined Contribution to the UNFCCC.  In order to provide a better living environment for Chadians, the government has drawn up "Vision 2030, the Chad we want," which is broken down into three national development plans. The first, covering the period 2017-2021. Chad, through its commitment, will pursue efforts to reduce social inequalities and improve the wellbeing of populations, protect the environment and economic diversification. In response to these expected climate change impacts, the United Nations Development Programme is working with the Government of Chad to implement The Chad National Adaptation Plan Advancement Project is intended to integrate climate change adaptation into medium- and long-term planning and budgeting of climate-sensitive sectors. Chad’s NAP will be anchored in the Chadian Vision 2030 and contribute to the effective integration of adaptation. It incorporates priorities including new productive capabilities and opportunities for the creation of decent work, the development of human capital, the fight against desertification, environmental protection, and adaptation to climate change and improved governance. Under the first component in the NAP, it includes the development of integrated information systems and a climate and socioeconomic database, the project will support planning and decision-making based on scientific evidence. As a result, Chad will be endowed with a national framework able to produce forecasts and assess the vulnerability of production systems to the adverse effects of climate change.  In addition, Chad is receiving support from UN Environment to access funding from the Green Climate Fund on adaptation planning.

How has the NAP-GSP supported to date?

 

Supported the NAP regional workshop 

 

In 2014, Chad attended the NAP-GSP Francophone Africa Regional Training Workshop, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia to share best practices from countries in the region. Key stakeholders from Chad identified six barriers for implementing the NAP during the project-planning meeting held on 26 May 2017 in N'Djamena.

 

 

Supported the formulation of a Roadmap 

 
In Chad, a basic need for analysis was identified, the NAP GSP supported Chad carry out the preparations for a road map for conducting the NAP process.
 

 

Helped build capacity for accessing climate financing for launch of NAP

 

 

The government of Chad launched their NAP project at the end of 2019. The NAP project is implemented by the Ministry of the Environment and Fisheries in Chad and is funded through the Global Environment Facility LDC Fund. It was developed with the support of the NAP-GSP.

 

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POINT (18.43932864564 15.526028373889)
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Vers une atténuation et une acclimatation du Tchad aux effets du changement climatique

Le Projet Plan National d’Adaptation aux Changements Climatiques du PNUD TCHAD couvre désormais toutes ses zones d’intervention

Le Plan National d’Adaptation au changement climatique (PNA) opérationnel dans la zone méridionale - February 2020 - Permettez-moi de remercier l’équipe du PNA pour avoir lancer le projet dans la zone soudanienne et de proposer cette formation sur le changement climatique. Pendant longtemps, on a pensé que le changement climatique est une affaire des autres et qu’on ne peut pas être touché. On s’est rendu compte maintenant que le changement climatique est un phénomène réel qui affecte tout le monde.

Lancement du « Plan National d’Adaptation aux changements climatiques » - Octobre 2019 - Le PNUD et le Ministère de l’Environnement, de l’Eau et de la Pêche, ont lancé officiellement le projet « Plan National d’Adaptation aux changement climatiques » (PNA), ouvrant sa mise en œuvre à l’échelle nationale.

Timeline: 
Month-Year: 
1992
Description: 
Chad signs the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC), which was later ratified on 30 April 1993
Month-Year: 
2009
Description: 
Chad adopts the National Adaptation Programme of Action (NAPA) for Climate Change
Month-Year: 
2015
Description: 
Chad submits its INDC to the UNFCCC
Month-Year: 
2017
Description: 
Chad ratifies the Paris Agreement
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2019
Description: 
Chad starts implementing the “Chad National Adaptation Plan” project
SDGs: 
SDG 13 - Climate Action

Supporting Burkina Faso to advance their NAP process

Country background, Sustainable Development Goals and Paris Agreement

Due to its geographical position, Burkina Faso is characterized by a dry tropical climate, which alternates between a short rainy season and a long dry season. Burkina Faso’s climate is prone to strong seasonal and annual variation due to its location in the hinterland and within the confines of the Sahara. Climate change may affect the Sahelian region of Africa through severe variations in rainfall, water shortage and low agricultural yield. This should amplify drought risks and evaporation, and reduce agricultural productivity (a 10% drop in rainfall is expected by 2050). In addition, climate change will probably result in higher temperatures (a 1.4-1.6°C rise is expected by 2050), potentially increasing the risk for forest fires or bushfires.

Since ratifying the UNFCCC in 1993, Burkina Faso qualified for the Adaptation in Africa Programme (AAP) launched by the UNDP with funding from the Japanese government. In October 2008, between the UNDP and Japan and the implementation of the AAP, twenty African countries, including Burkina Faso, were granted funding for their climate variability and change adaptation programmes. Burkina Faso has contextualized the 2030 agenda in its National Economic and Social Development Plan (PNDES), operationalized through 14 sectoral policies and local development plans. The country is focusing on SDG4, SDG8, SDG10, SDG13, SDG 16, and SDG17. Burkina Faso launched its National Adaptation Plan (NAP) process to formulate a medium- and long-term climate change adaptation strategy denoted NAPA programming. In September 2014, Burkina Faso submits its Second National Communication to the UNFCCC and one year later, in September 2015, Burkina Faso submitted its Intended National Determined Contribution to the UNFCCC.

Burkina Faso submitted its NAP to the UNFCCC in October 2015. The methodology for formulating a NAP in Burkina Faso includes four steps or 'elements and also took into account the national circumstance of the country when planning these actions. 1) Laying the ground work and addressing gaps, includes assessing available information on climate change impacts, vulnerability and adaptation, measures taken to address climate change and gaps and needs, at the national and regional levels. 2) The preparatory elements include activities aimed at integrating climate change adaptation into national and sub-national development and sectoral planning, as well as consultation workshops and awareness building. 3) Implementing strategies includes strengthening institutional and regulatory frameworks to support adaptation and training/ coordinating at the sectoral and sub-national levels. 4) Reporting, monitoring and review activities include addressing inefficiencies, incorporating the results of new assessments and emerging science and reflect lessons learned from adaptation efforts.

How has the NAP-GSP supported to date?

 

Supported the Regional NAP workshop

 

In 2014, Burkina Faso attended the NAP-GSP Francophone Africa Regional Training Workshop, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia to share best practices from countries in the region.

 

 

Supported the methodology for identifying gaps and specific priorities

 

 
NAP-GSP supported Burkina Faso in formulated the methodology to lay the groundwork for addressing gaps in their NAP document. As outlined in the NAP, these activities are designed to identify gaps and omissions in intervention frameworks and address them as necessary, to support the formulation of comprehensive adaptation plans, programmes and policies.
 

 

Supported with the preparation of the initial NAP

 

 

 

In May 2015, NAP GSP supported Burkina Faso with an initial review of the final draft of the NAP document. Burkina Faso submitted the NAP document to the UNFCCC in September later that year.

 

 

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Region/Country: 
Level of Intervention: 
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Coordinates: 
POINT (-1.3977098534327 12.362660701295)
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News and Updates: 

Strengthening national resilience capacities - May 2017 - The objective of this workshop is to strengthen the capacities of actors from ministerial departments and NGOs involved in disaster management on the PDNA approach and to adapt the tools.

Timeline: 
Month-Year: 
Sept 1993
Description: 
Burkina Faso ratifies the UNFCCC
Month-Year: 
Mar 2005
Description: 
Burkina Faso ratifies the Kyoto Protocol
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Nov 2007
Description: 
Burkina Faso adopts its National Adaptation Programmes of Action (NAPA)
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Oct 2008
Description: 
Burkina Faso takes part in the UNDP Adaptation in Africa Programme funded by the Government of Japan
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Oct 2012
Description: 
Burkina Faso launches its NAP process of formulating a medium and long-term climate change adaptation strategy
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Sept 2014
Description: 
Burkina Faso submits its Second National Communication to the UNFCCC
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Sept 2015
Description: 
Burkina Faso submits its INDC to the UNFCCC
Month-Year: 
Oct 2015
Description: 
Burkina Faso submits its NAP to the UNFCCC
SDGs: 
SDG 13 - Climate Action

Supporting Cuba to advance their NAP process

Country background, Sustainable Development Goals and Paris Agreement

The Republic of Cuba is located in the Caribbean Basin.  Havana has 15 municipalities, out of which six are located in its coastal zone, an area of vital importance for the sustainable and strategic development of the country. The Havana Coastal Zone is a highly important zone for tourism that is characterized by sandy beaches, three coastal lagoons, mangrove areas, and coral reef crests. It also includes the Havana Malecon (sea drive), a Cuban landmark, particularly the portion located in the Historic Centre that has been declared by UNESCO as a World Heritage Site.  The Bay of Havana is another significant site given its economic and social importance because of its harboring, industrial and touristic activity.  The Havana Coastal Zone is located in the region of Cuba most frequently hit by hurricanes of different categories and cold fronts of varying intensities. Studies undertaken show that this region is one of the most vulnerable areas in terms of extreme meteorological events and climate change impacts. 

Since the 1990s, the Cuban Government has recognized the risks associated with climate change and engaged in efforts to address these risks in its environmental and development agenda. Cuba ratified the Paris Agreement on December 28, 2016 and submitted its Nationally Determined Contribution (NDC) on November 23, 2015. In the NDC, adaptation is considered the main priority and specific emphasis is placed on human health, reducing coastal zone vulnerability, recovering the mangrove areas, integrated water management, territorial planning and sustainable food production, as well as incorporating adaptation in all programs, plans and projects moving forward.

The Inception Workshop of the Third National Communication to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) was held in February 2018. The main objectives and tasks identified are:  to develop an inventory (base year 2016) of greenhouse gas emission and reduction; conduct a comprehensive assessment of climate change impacts on pilot areas as study cases. Formulating the Adaptation Plan for the Havana Coastal Zone is an opportunity to materialize the priorities contained in “Tarea Vida” and creates synergy with and complements the analysis and results of the Third National Communication. The Adaptation Plan for the Havana Coastal Zone project will contribute towards closing information and knowledge gaps, strengthening technical and technological capacities, designing adequate and effective adaptation measures that are fully incorporated into the development plans, and training and sensitizing relevant actors on climate adaptation. Together, these actions will increase climate resilience in the Havana Coastal Zone. 

The 2030 National Plan for Economic and Social Development: Strategic economic axes and sectors, ratifies the political will and strategic vision to address climate change, while designing a pathway towards sustainable development.  This plan highlights the implementation of policies for effective risk management and climate change adaptation in the country as well as the need to effectively implement programs and actions to address climate change impacts, focusing on adaptation measures, vulnerability reduction, mitigation, and the introduction of systemic and cross-sectoral strategies. It also states the need to improve the Civil Defence System for risk reduction on the basis of comprehensive risk management with the active involvement of the communities and local governments in order to improve the resilience of human and ecological systems, all of which is in line with the Sustainable Development Goals (2030 SDGs) and the 2015-2030 Sendai Framework for Disaster Risk Reduction. 

How has the NAP-GSP supported to date?

 

Support with the NAP roadmap and identifying new stakeholders

 

Conduct consultation processes at national and at territorial level to identify new stakeholders, project opportunities (consistent with National Development Plan, National Environmental Strategy, State Plan for Tackling Climate Change and NDC) and their review, with a gender approach, thus ensuring a broad participation of women.
 

 

Produced an assessment and identified entry points for the NAP process
 
Conduct institutional assessments and diagnosis of the capacities of the National Designated Authority and other institutions linked with its work on matters related to the GCF. Creation of a technical unit, which will support the work carried out by the National Designated Authority, in particular by reviewing and screening programs and projects. The eventual Readiness Proposal project will design a Country Program that will include a plan to work with the Fund and involve new actors relevant to climate change financing issues.
 

 

Helped build capacity and  facilitated access to additional climate finance
 

 

 

NAP GSP supported Cuba is developing it’s GCF Readiness and Preparatory Support/Initial Plan in Cuba, an initial plan to create and strengthen Cuba’s institutional capacities to access and engage with the Green Climate Fund.  With the support of implementing partner UNDP, Cuba submits a revised Readiness Proposal for “Adaptation Plan for the Havana Coastal Zone” to the Green Climate Fund in June 2019. The objective of this project is to formulate an Adaptation Plan for the Coastal Zone of Havana, which considers the medium- and long-term climate risks and specific vulnerabilities and integrates adaptation measures and investment decisions into the development planning.
 
 

 

English
Region/Country: 
Level of Intervention: 
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Coordinates: 
POINT (-78.74999999308 21.713576502957)
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News and Updates: 

New project to increase coastal resilience in Cuba - February 25, 2020 - The project intervention area is located within the Sabana-Camagüey archipelago, north of the central region of Cuba. It covers the fifteen coastal municipalities of the Villa Clara, Sancti Spíritus, Ciego de Ávila and Camagüey provinces.

Cuba and the Caribbean work to increase the resilience of the regional SAT - January 16, 2020 - Specialists from the National Risk Assessment Group of the Environment Agency (@AMA_CUBA) carried out a South South Cooperation exchange mission with the Caribbean island of Saint Lucia, developed in the National Emergency Management Organization (NEMO).

CITMA and UNDP value cooperation for more than 25 years - September 11, 2019 - This was a new opportunity for Ms. Maribel Gutierrez, on behalf of UNDP, to highlight that CITMA is a very important partner given its high scientific potential and state commission at national and territorial level. Today the projects under the attention of CITMA represent 47% of the total portfolio approved by UNDP in Cuba, approximately 56 million USD.

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Project Dates: 
2020
Timeline: 
Month-Year: 
Oct 2007
Description: 
e Council of Ministers discusses climate change for the first time and approves a program that prioritized adaptation in the economic and social sectors, focused on the coastal zone and linked to disaster reduction.
Month-Year: 
Nov 2015
Description: 
Cuba submits its NDC to the Conference of the Parties to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change.
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Jan 2016
Description: 
Cuba submits Guidelines to Confront Climate Change and its Plan of Action to the Economic and Financial Commission of the Cuban Council of Ministers.
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Dec 2016
Description: 
Cuba ratifies the Paris Agreement
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Apr 2017
Description: 
The Council of Ministers approves the State Plan for Tackling Climate Change, a document with the highest legal status on the subject approved in the country.
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Feb 2018
Description: 
The Inception Workshop of the Third National Communication to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change is held.
Month-Year: 
Jul 2018
Description: 
The Green Climate Fund approves Cuba’s Readiness and Preparatory Support/Initial Plan in Cuba with an amount of $333,000 USD.
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Jun 2019
Description: 
Cuba submits a revised Readiness Proposal for “Adaptation Plan for the Havana Coastal Zone” to the Green Climate Fund.
SDGs: 
SDG 13 - Climate Action