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Supporting North Macedonia to advance their NAP process

Country background, Sustainable Development Goals and Paris Agreement

North Macedonia, a small, landlocked country in southern Europe of 25,713 km2, is located in the central part of the Balkan Peninsula on an elevated plateau that is bisected and surrounded by hill and mountainous terrain, which covers 79 percent of North Macedonia’s territory. Despite the country’s small size, the climate ranges from alpine in the west and northwest of the country, to Mediterranean in the southern districts of the Vardar river valley, and is characterized by cold winters, hot summers and a highly variable precipitation regime with high levels of biodiversity. Climate change impacts are already evident in North Macedonia. Six of the ten warmest years on record since 1951 have occurred between 2007 and 2012 and a heat wave has been recorded in almost every year since 1987. The North Macedonian economy is relatively diverse though highly reliant on industrial manufacturing and energy production, and agricultural land uses and forests, which cover almost 80% of the country. Forty percent of the population is rural and 21.7 percent of the population is employed in the agricultural sector. Poverty is exacerbated by a high unemployment rate of 23 percent. Agriculture has significant importance to North Macedonia in terms of employment, rural livelihoods, food security and exports.

Energy sector and resilience to climate change are identified as one of the main contributors towards national sustainable development. Recognizing the important steps forward in the institutionalization of climate change issues and the mainstreaming of climate change considerations into the national and sectorial development policies, the development of three National Communications to the UNFCCC, the First Biennial Update Report and the 2015 Intended Nationally Determined Contributions (INDC) have contributed to the strengthening of climate mainstreaming processes. As part of North Macedonia’s Third National Communication, analysis of impacts, vulnerability and adaptive capacity was undertaken for eight sectors (agriculture and livestock, biodiversity, forestry, human health, tourism, cultural heritage, water resources and socio-economic development) with a special focus on the Southeast Region, which had been identified as being especially vulnerable to climate change. The development of the Forth National Communication is underway and should be completed by the end of 2021. In January 2018, North Macedonia ratified the Paris Agreement.

The Government of the Republic of North Macedonia requested support for the development of its National Adaptation Plan (NAP) process and was one of the first countries requesting the Green Climate Fund (GCF) readiness financing for this purpose. With support from the joint UNDP-UNEP NAP Global Support Programme (NAP-GSP), a preliminary mission was undertaken in March 2017 to identify, in consultation with stakeholders, North Macedonia’s needs regarding the NAP process. The mission allowed for a preliminary assessment of relevant initiatives on climate mainstreaming and of the institutional framework and capacities relevant to the NAP process, through qualitative interviews and an extensive desk review.

How has the NAP-GSP supported to date?

 

Supported the preliminary assessment mission and NAP Roadmap 

 

In March 2017, a preliminary mission was organized for initial consultations on North Macedonia’s NAP process. A Roadmap was then developed with the purpose to facilitate a consensus on the approach for the design of the NAP process. The roadmap identifies the overall approach to implementing the NAP process and the main work-streams (components) and activities for the first iteration of the NAP.

 

Production of a Stocktaking Report and identified key entry points
 
Informed A stocktaking report was produced and outlines the implementation of the NAP I approach that will occur through three parallel work-streams (components). The first two components focus on establishing the foundations for a strong and effective NAP process and adaptation planning in general, and the third focuses on support for integrating lessons learnt into adaptation planning.

 

Helped build capacity and  facilitated access to additional climate finance
 

 

 

The Government of the Republic of North Macedonia requested support for the development of its national adaptation plan (NAP) process, and one of the first countries requesting Green Climate Fund (GCF) readiness financing for this purpose. The stocktaking report was formulated as the basis for a GCF funding request.
 

 

English
Region/Country: 
Level of Intervention: 
Key Collaborators: 
Coordinates: 
POINT (22.499999988783 41.586688356211)
Location: 
News and Updates: 

Eight Municipalities and National Parks Selected for Nature Protection Grant Scheme - June 2018 - A total of eight applicants representing a diverse group of municipalities and national parks have been selected to receive grants of EUR 200,000 – 400,000 for nature protection projects.

“Not a garbage dump”: New landfill in Gevgelija to meet highest environmental standards - January 2018 - The sanitary landfill project meets an urgent need to replace a hazardous illegal landfill now overspilling by the River Vardar in Gevgelija.

Cleaner Soil Leads to Healthier Yields - December 2017 - More than 200 farmers have developed knowledge and expertise in plant and soil interaction over the past year by attending UNDP and SDC educational seminars.

Project Dates: 
2020
Timeline: 
Month-Year: 
Mar 2003
Description: 
North Macedonia communicates its First National Communication
Month-Year: 
Nov 2004
Description: 
North Macedonia ratifies the Kyoto Protocol
Month-Year: 
Feb 2008
Description: 
North Macedonia publishes its National Strategy for Sustainable Development for the Republic of North Macedonia
Month-Year: 
Jan 2009
Description: 
North Macedonia communicates its Second National Communication
Month-Year: 
Mar 2014
Description: 
North Macedonia communicates its Third National Communication
Month-Year: 
Aug 2015
Description: 
North Macedonia submits its Intended Nationally Determined Contribution to the UNFCCC
Month-Year: 
Mar 2017
Description: 
Macedonia hosts a preliminary mission supported by the NAP GSP to identify and stock take North Macedonia’s needs regarding a NAPs process
Month-Year: 
Jan 2018
Description: 
North Macedonia ratifies the Paris Agreement

Supporting North Macedonia to advance their NAP process

Country background, Sustainable Development Goals and Paris Agreement

North Macedonia, a small, landlocked country in southern Europe of 25,713 km2, is located in the central part of the Balkan Peninsula on an elevated plateau that is bisected and surrounded by hill and mountainous terrain, which covers 79 percent of North Macedonia’s territory. Despite the country’s small size, the climate ranges from alpine in the west and northwest of the country, to Mediterranean in the southern districts of the Vardar river valley, and is characterized by cold winters, hot summers and a highly variable precipitation regime with high levels of biodiversity. Climate change impacts are already evident in North Macedonia. Six of the ten warmest years on record since 1951 have occurred between 2007 and 2012 and a heat wave has been recorded in almost every year since 1987. The North Macedonian economy is relatively diverse though highly reliant on industrial manufacturing and energy production, and agricultural land uses and forests, which cover almost 80% of the country. Forty percent of the population is rural and 21.7 percent of the population is employed in the agricultural sector. Poverty is exacerbated by a high unemployment rate of 23 percent. Agriculture has significant importance to North Macedonia in terms of employment, rural livelihoods, food security and exports.

Energy sector and resilience to climate change are identified as one of the main contributors towards national sustainable development. Recognizing the important steps forward in the institutionalization of climate change issues and the mainstreaming of climate change considerations into the national and sectorial development policies, the development of three National Communications to the UNFCCC, the First Biennial Update Report and the 2015 Intended Nationally Determined Contributions (INDC) have contributed to the strengthening of climate mainstreaming processes. As part of North Macedonia’s Third National Communication, analysis of impacts, vulnerability and adaptive capacity was undertaken for eight sectors (agriculture and livestock, biodiversity, forestry, human health, tourism, cultural heritage, water resources and socio-economic development) with a special focus on the Southeast Region, which had been identified as being especially vulnerable to climate change. The development of the Forth National Communication is underway and should be completed by the end of 2021. In January 2018, North Macedonia ratified the Paris Agreement.

The Government of the Republic of North Macedonia requested support for the development of its National Adaptation Plan (NAP) process and was one of the first countries requesting the Green Climate Fund (GCF) readiness financing for this purpose. With support from the joint UNDP-UNEP NAP Global Support Programme (NAP-GSP), a preliminary mission was undertaken in March 2017 to identify, in consultation with stakeholders, North Macedonia’s needs regarding the NAP process. The mission allowed for a preliminary assessment of relevant initiatives on climate mainstreaming and of the institutional framework and capacities relevant to the NAP process, through qualitative interviews and an extensive desk review.

How has the NAP-GSP supported to date?

 

Supported the preliminary assessment mission and NAP Roadmap 

 

In March 2017, a preliminary mission was organized for initial consultations on North Macedonia’s NAP process. A Roadmap was then developed with the purpose to facilitate a consensus on the approach for the design of the NAP process. The roadmap identifies the overall approach to implementing the NAP process and the main work-streams (components) and activities for the first iteration of the NAP.

 

Production of a Stocktaking Report and identified key entry points
 
Informed A stocktaking report was produced and outlines the implementation of the NAP I approach that will occur through three parallel work-streams (components). The first two components focus on establishing the foundations for a strong and effective NAP process and adaptation planning in general, and the third focuses on support for integrating lessons learnt into adaptation planning.

 

Helped build capacity and  facilitated access to additional climate finance
 

 

 

The Government of the Republic of North Macedonia requested support for the development of its national adaptation plan (NAP) process, and one of the first countries requesting Green Climate Fund (GCF) readiness financing for this purpose. The stocktaking report was formulated as the basis for a GCF funding request.
 

 

English
Region/Country: 
Level of Intervention: 
Key Collaborators: 
Coordinates: 
POINT (22.499999988783 41.586688356211)
Location: 
News and Updates: 

Eight Municipalities and National Parks Selected for Nature Protection Grant Scheme - June 2018 - A total of eight applicants representing a diverse group of municipalities and national parks have been selected to receive grants of EUR 200,000 – 400,000 for nature protection projects.

“Not a garbage dump”: New landfill in Gevgelija to meet highest environmental standards - January 2018 - The sanitary landfill project meets an urgent need to replace a hazardous illegal landfill now overspilling by the River Vardar in Gevgelija.

Cleaner Soil Leads to Healthier Yields - December 2017 - More than 200 farmers have developed knowledge and expertise in plant and soil interaction over the past year by attending UNDP and SDC educational seminars.

Project Dates: 
2020
Timeline: 
Month-Year: 
Mar 2003
Description: 
North Macedonia communicates its First National Communication
Month-Year: 
Nov 2004
Description: 
North Macedonia ratifies the Kyoto Protocol
Month-Year: 
Feb 2008
Description: 
North Macedonia publishes its National Strategy for Sustainable Development for the Republic of North Macedonia
Month-Year: 
Jan 2009
Description: 
North Macedonia communicates its Second National Communication
Month-Year: 
Mar 2014
Description: 
North Macedonia communicates its Third National Communication
Month-Year: 
Aug 2015
Description: 
North Macedonia submits its Intended Nationally Determined Contribution to the UNFCCC
Month-Year: 
Mar 2017
Description: 
Macedonia hosts a preliminary mission supported by the NAP GSP to identify and stock take North Macedonia’s needs regarding a NAPs process
Month-Year: 
Jan 2018
Description: 
North Macedonia ratifies the Paris Agreement

Supporting Peru to advance their NAP process

Country background, Sustainable Development Goals and Paris Agreement

The Republic of Peru is located in the north-west of South America, with 2,414 kilometres of Pacific Ocean coastline. It has seven of the nine characteristics recognised to be “particularly vulnerable” to climate change impacts, by the UNFCCC. Studies reveal that temperatures and rainfall patterns are changing throughout the country. It is predicted that precipitation will decrease between 10 to 20 percent in the mountain regions and the northern and central Amazon areas, while the coastal regions are likely to experience an increase in rainfall of around 10 percent. The hydrological system is also being affected through the retreat of glaciers, meaning a decline in dry season discharge. In addition to this, annual climate-induced threats such as frost, drought and floods are increasing, severely affecting many parts of the country. 
 
As of 2018, about 28.02 percent of the Peruvian population is employed in agriculture, fishing and mining. And since 1960, Peru’s rural population declined from 53 to 22.28 percent. In these areas and areas inhabited by indigenous people, this reliance on natural resources and increasingly vulnerable ecosystems is problematic. Threatening climate events such as the 1997-1998 “El Niño” significantly impacted Peru’s economy with losses equivalent to 4.5 percent of that year’s GDP. Further, studies indicate that changes in the country’s future climatic state are likely to lower its real GDP up to 23.4 percent by 2050. 
 
To combat these threats, Peru has developed an institutional framework underpinned by a series of policy documents. Its three National Communications (2001; 2010; 2016) to the UNFCCC outline the expected climate-related impacts up to 2100, and details ongoing and planned interventions initiated by the government. These climate change documents, along with key national development plans such as the Bicentenary Plan or the National Strategy for Development and Social Inclusion aim to protect the significant development gains and economic strengthening Peru has experienced over the last decade, paving the way towards achieving the Sustainable Development Goals. Furthermore, Peru’s Nationally Determined Contribution (NDC) to the UNFCCC outlines specific areas of focus for climate change adaptation policies. The following systems and sectors are highlighted as priorities: water and water resources; agriculture; fisheries; forestry; and health. It is also important to note that 77.72 percent of Peru’s population lives in urban areas, and due to this fact, the NDC acknowledges how essential it is for Peru to promote the concept of "Resilient Cities" as units of climate risk management.
 

How has the NAP-GSP supported to date?

 

Helped to advance their NAP process

 

In particular, by working closely with the Ministry of Environment to advise them on the development of the NAP roadmap.

 

Conducted a support mission to Peru

 
Between 18-22 April 2016, the NAP-GSP undertook a mission to Peru. The objectives of the mission were to: (1) work with the Ministry of Environment to review adaptation advances and develop a NAP roadmap; and (2) provide an overview of the UNFCCC guidelines for NAP, and shared experiences of other countries supported by NAP-GSP to a multi-stakeholder working group
 

 

English
Region/Country: 
Level of Intervention: 
Location: 
News and Updates: 

 

29 April 2016, Lima, Peru - NAP-GSP and UNDP have provided technical assistance to Peru to advance their NAP process, by working closely with the Ministry of Environment to advise them on the development of the NAP roadmap. NAP-GSP has also provided an overview of the UNFCCC guidelines for NAP, and shared experiences of other countries supported by NAP-GSP to a multi-stakeholder working group during a support mission in April 2016.

 

> Highlights of support offered to advance Peru's NAP roadmap

Project Dates: 
2019
Timeline: 
Month-Year: 
Sep 2015
Description: 
Peru submits their Intend Nationally Determined Contribution (INDC) to the Paris Agreement, which states their intention to develop a NAP by 2020
Month-Year: 
Apr 2016
Description: 
Peru receives technical assistance by NAP-GSP and UNDP to advance the NAP process and develop a NAP roadmap
Month-Year: 
Jul 2016
Description: 
Peru ratifies the Paris Agreement and submits their First NDC

Supporting Peru to advance their NAP process

Country background, Sustainable Development Goals and Paris Agreement

The Republic of Peru is located in the north-west of South America, with 2,414 kilometres of Pacific Ocean coastline. It has seven of the nine characteristics recognised to be “particularly vulnerable” to climate change impacts, by the UNFCCC. Studies reveal that temperatures and rainfall patterns are changing throughout the country. It is predicted that precipitation will decrease between 10 to 20 percent in the mountain regions and the northern and central Amazon areas, while the coastal regions are likely to experience an increase in rainfall of around 10 percent. The hydrological system is also being affected through the retreat of glaciers, meaning a decline in dry season discharge. In addition to this, annual climate-induced threats such as frost, drought and floods are increasing, severely affecting many parts of the country. 
 
As of 2018, about 28.02 percent of the Peruvian population is employed in agriculture, fishing and mining. And since 1960, Peru’s rural population declined from 53 to 22.28 percent. In these areas and areas inhabited by indigenous people, this reliance on natural resources and increasingly vulnerable ecosystems is problematic. Threatening climate events such as the 1997-1998 “El Niño” significantly impacted Peru’s economy with losses equivalent to 4.5 percent of that year’s GDP. Further, studies indicate that changes in the country’s future climatic state are likely to lower its real GDP up to 23.4 percent by 2050. 
 
To combat these threats, Peru has developed an institutional framework underpinned by a series of policy documents. Its three National Communications (2001; 2010; 2016) to the UNFCCC outline the expected climate-related impacts up to 2100, and details ongoing and planned interventions initiated by the government. These climate change documents, along with key national development plans such as the Bicentenary Plan or the National Strategy for Development and Social Inclusion aim to protect the significant development gains and economic strengthening Peru has experienced over the last decade, paving the way towards achieving the Sustainable Development Goals. Furthermore, Peru’s Nationally Determined Contribution (NDC) to the UNFCCC outlines specific areas of focus for climate change adaptation policies. The following systems and sectors are highlighted as priorities: water and water resources; agriculture; fisheries; forestry; and health. It is also important to note that 77.72 percent of Peru’s population lives in urban areas, and due to this fact, the NDC acknowledges how essential it is for Peru to promote the concept of "Resilient Cities" as units of climate risk management.
 

How has the NAP-GSP supported to date?

 

Helped to advance their NAP process

 

In particular, by working closely with the Ministry of Environment to advise them on the development of the NAP roadmap.

 

Conducted a support mission to Peru

 
Between 18-22 April 2016, the NAP-GSP undertook a mission to Peru. The objectives of the mission were to: (1) work with the Ministry of Environment to review adaptation advances and develop a NAP roadmap; and (2) provide an overview of the UNFCCC guidelines for NAP, and shared experiences of other countries supported by NAP-GSP to a multi-stakeholder working group
 

 

English
Region/Country: 
Level of Intervention: 
Location: 
News and Updates: 

 

29 April 2016, Lima, Peru - NAP-GSP and UNDP have provided technical assistance to Peru to advance their NAP process, by working closely with the Ministry of Environment to advise them on the development of the NAP roadmap. NAP-GSP has also provided an overview of the UNFCCC guidelines for NAP, and shared experiences of other countries supported by NAP-GSP to a multi-stakeholder working group during a support mission in April 2016.

 

> Highlights of support offered to advance Peru's NAP roadmap

Project Dates: 
2019
Timeline: 
Month-Year: 
Sep 2015
Description: 
Peru submits their Intend Nationally Determined Contribution (INDC) to the Paris Agreement, which states their intention to develop a NAP by 2020
Month-Year: 
Apr 2016
Description: 
Peru receives technical assistance by NAP-GSP and UNDP to advance the NAP process and develop a NAP roadmap
Month-Year: 
Jul 2016
Description: 
Peru ratifies the Paris Agreement and submits their First NDC

Supporting Haiti to advance their NAP process

 

Country background, Sustainable Development Goals and Paris Agreement

The Republic of Haiti, although rapidly urbanising, has a population that still relies heavily on subsistence agriculture and the flour and sugar industries for their livelihoods. As a small island developing state (SIDS) Haiti is exposed to the threat of sea level rise and increasingly intense hurricanes and tropical storms. These hazards are jeopardising food security, infrastructure and the safety of the population.
 
Haiti’s geographical location, high levels of deforestation and land degradation, and weak institutional capacity are all factors that increase the country’s vulnerability to the effects of climate change. Recent hurricanes, such as Hurricane Mathew (2016) that left 1.4 million people in need of humanitarian aid, are examples of the destruction that can be caused in a country with limited capacity to adapt to these oncoming changes. 
 
The government of Haiti has made progress in planning for climate change adaptation, and in 2015, they stated their commitment to develop a NAP by 2020 in their Nationally Determined Contribution (NDC) which they submitted in accordance with the Paris Agreement. In 2017 they introduced the National Climate Change Policy (PNCC). This institutional framework provides a platform for the NAP process to be extended from and aims to adopt appropriate and effective adaptation actions that are aligned to the Sustainable Development Goals. This comprehensive approach will reduce the vulnerability of Haiti’s industries, economy and its people, to the effects of climate change, paving the way towards sustainable development.
 

How has the NAP-GSP supported to date?

 

Conducted a mission to Haiti

 

In August 2017, the NAP-GSP undertook a mission to Haiti and initiated a stocktaking of available information, policies, plans, strategies and programmes relevant to the NAP process.

 

Production of a Stocktaking Report

 
Based the stocktaking mission, a Stocktaking Report was produced in consultation with all key stakeholders. This included a roadmap outlining the processes and objectives needed to develop the NAP. The participatory development of the NAP roadmap began at an inter-sectoral NAP training held in Montrouis, Haiti, and was later validated at a high-level NAP consultation workshop held in Port-au-Prince.
 
 

 

Helped build capacity and  facilitated access to additional climate finance

 
 
Specifically, through supporting the preparation of a Readiness and Preparatory Support Proposal, to submit to the Green Climate Fund, that outlines a NAP project a request for funding.
 
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

English
Region/Country: 
Level of Intervention: 
Key Collaborators: 
Location: 
Project Status: 
Display Photo: 
Timeline: 
Month-Year: 
Sep 2015
Description: 
Haiti submits their Intend Nationally Determined Contribution (INDC) to the Paris Agreement, which states their intention to develop a NAP by 2020
Month-Year: 
May 2017
Description: 
The National Climate Change Policy (PNCC) is validated, providing a natural point of entry for the NAP process
Month-Year: 
Jul 2017
Description: 
Haiti ratifies the Paris Agreement
Month-Year: 
Aug 2017
Description: 
NAP-GSP undertakes a mission to Haiti to take stock of adaptation policies and suggest next steps for the country’s NAP process
Month-Year: 
Sep 2017
Description: 
A Stocktaking Report and a preliminary roadmap for advancing the NAP process in Haiti is developed
Month-Year: 
Apr 2018
Description: 
A Readiness and Preparatory Support Proposal is submitted to the GCF for potential funding for the NAP process
Month-Year: 
Ongoing
Description: 
Consultation with the GCF about refining the Readiness proposal

Supporting Moldova to advance their NAP Process

 

Country background, Sustainable Development Goals and Paris Agreement

The Republic of Moldova is a landlocked country with a continental climate, characterised by relatively mild winters with little snowfall, warm summers and low humidity. Favourable farming conditions and a rural population of 60 per cent  indicate that Moldova’s economy is largely dependent on agriculture.  Furthermore, with around 90 per cent of the crop production being rain-fed, the agricultural sector is extremely vulnerable to climate change, which poses risks such as droughts, floods and hail. 

Moldova has effectively responded to the challenges posed by climate change, and under the coordination of their national strategic framework, the Climate Change Adaptation Coordination Mechanism (CCACM), it has already successfully completed the 1st phase of their NAP process (NAP-1), which aimed to ensure the development of systematic capacities to support medium to long-term adaptation planning and budgeting. 

In 2017, on top of completing NAP-1 and turning their efforts to the formulation of NAP-2, Moldova also submitted their Intended NDC to the UNFCCC in 2015, which later became their First NDC, as they ratified the Paris Agreement in June 2017. The NDC includes an Annex containing a comprehensive assessment of the country’s engagement with adaptation planning, including; (1) climate change trends, impacts and vulnerabilities; (2) mid-term adaptation vision, goals and targets; (3) current and planned adaptation undertakings; (4) gaps and barriers; (5) summary of needs; and (6) monitoring and reporting progress. The NDC outlines agriculture, health, water resources, energy, forestry and transport as the most climate-sensitive sectors, also a priority for the NAP process. Moldova is working towards the consideration of climate change adaptation at all levels of planning, which will secure more sustainable development and advance the progress towards the SDGs.

How has the NAP-GSP supported to date?

 

Provided support for the to other adaptation projects

 

 

The "Supporting Moldova’s National Climate Change Adaptation Planning Process" project  is funded by the Austrian Development Cooperation Agency (ADA). The NAP-GSP helped support this project.

 

 

Organised the Eastern European, Caucasus and Central Asia Regional Workshop on the NAP process

 

 
 

In June 2016, the NAP-GSP organised a Regional Workshop, in Chisinau, Moldova. The workshop convened government representatives from across the region to share experiences and knowledge on how best to advance the NAP process.

 

Helped build capacity and  facilitated access to additional climate finance

 

 

Specifically supported with the drafting of the Readiness and Preparatory Support Proposal, outlining finance needs for the second phase of the NAP process (NAP-2), to be submitted to the Green Climate Fund (GCF). The Readiness proposal was submitted to the GCF on 19th August 2016 for review.

 

English
Region/Country: 
Level of Intervention: 
Key Collaborators: 
Coordinates: 
POINT (24.257812488468 42.342305277685)

Reports and Publications by country teams

Location: 
Project Status: 
News and Updates: 

 > Improving meteorological services in Moldova

11 April 2016, Moldova  - This UNDP Climate Change Adaptation Exposure captures how improved meteorological services can provide advanced warning on extreme weather, allowing farmers and communities to further plan ahead and prepare for the exacerbating impacts of climate change

Timeline: 
Month-Year: 
Jun 2013
Description: 
The first phase of the NAP process (NAP-1) is initiated
Month-Year: 
Sep 2016
Description: 
Moldova submits its Intended Nationally Determined Contribution (INDC) to the Paris Agreement
Month-Year: 
Sep 2017
Description: 
A survey with line ministries is finalised and identifies further areas in Moldova's adaptation that require support
Month-Year: 
Oct 2017
Description: 
A workshop is held to discuss adaptation priorities
Month-Year: 
Nov 2017
Description: 
The NAP-1 is completed, with almost all activities in the initial document implemented within an overall budget of US$ 1.2 million
Month-Year: 
2018
Description: 
Two Readiness and Preparatory Support Proposals are being drafted, with support from UNDP and FAO, to request funding from the GCF to support the second phase of the NAP process (NAP-2)

Supporting Moldova to advance their NAP Process

 

Country background, Sustainable Development Goals and Paris Agreement

The Republic of Moldova is a landlocked country with a continental climate, characterised by relatively mild winters with little snowfall, warm summers and low humidity. Favourable farming conditions and a rural population of 60 per cent  indicate that Moldova’s economy is largely dependent on agriculture.  Furthermore, with around 90 per cent of the crop production being rain-fed, the agricultural sector is extremely vulnerable to climate change, which poses risks such as droughts, floods and hail. 

Moldova has effectively responded to the challenges posed by climate change, and under the coordination of their national strategic framework, the Climate Change Adaptation Coordination Mechanism (CCACM), it has already successfully completed the 1st phase of their NAP process (NAP-1), which aimed to ensure the development of systematic capacities to support medium to long-term adaptation planning and budgeting. 

In 2017, on top of completing NAP-1 and turning their efforts to the formulation of NAP-2, Moldova also submitted their Intended NDC to the UNFCCC in 2015, which later became their First NDC, as they ratified the Paris Agreement in June 2017. The NDC includes an Annex containing a comprehensive assessment of the country’s engagement with adaptation planning, including; (1) climate change trends, impacts and vulnerabilities; (2) mid-term adaptation vision, goals and targets; (3) current and planned adaptation undertakings; (4) gaps and barriers; (5) summary of needs; and (6) monitoring and reporting progress. The NDC outlines agriculture, health, water resources, energy, forestry and transport as the most climate-sensitive sectors, also a priority for the NAP process. Moldova is working towards the consideration of climate change adaptation at all levels of planning, which will secure more sustainable development and advance the progress towards the SDGs.

How has the NAP-GSP supported to date?

 

Provided support for the to other adaptation projects

 

 

The "Supporting Moldova’s National Climate Change Adaptation Planning Process" project  is funded by the Austrian Development Cooperation Agency (ADA). The NAP-GSP helped support this project.

 

 

Organised the Eastern European, Caucasus and Central Asia Regional Workshop on the NAP process

 

 
 

In June 2016, the NAP-GSP organised a Regional Workshop, in Chisinau, Moldova. The workshop convened government representatives from across the region to share experiences and knowledge on how best to advance the NAP process.

 

Helped build capacity and  facilitated access to additional climate finance

 

 

Specifically supported with the drafting of the Readiness and Preparatory Support Proposal, outlining finance needs for the second phase of the NAP process (NAP-2), to be submitted to the Green Climate Fund (GCF). The Readiness proposal was submitted to the GCF on 19th August 2016 for review.

 

English
Region/Country: 
Level of Intervention: 
Key Collaborators: 
Coordinates: 
POINT (24.257812488468 42.342305277685)

Reports and Publications by country teams

Location: 
Project Status: 
News and Updates: 

 > Improving meteorological services in Moldova

11 April 2016, Moldova  - This UNDP Climate Change Adaptation Exposure captures how improved meteorological services can provide advanced warning on extreme weather, allowing farmers and communities to further plan ahead and prepare for the exacerbating impacts of climate change

Timeline: 
Month-Year: 
Jun 2013
Description: 
The first phase of the NAP process (NAP-1) is initiated
Month-Year: 
Sep 2016
Description: 
Moldova submits its Intended Nationally Determined Contribution (INDC) to the Paris Agreement
Month-Year: 
Sep 2017
Description: 
A survey with line ministries is finalised and identifies further areas in Moldova's adaptation that require support
Month-Year: 
Oct 2017
Description: 
A workshop is held to discuss adaptation priorities
Month-Year: 
Nov 2017
Description: 
The NAP-1 is completed, with almost all activities in the initial document implemented within an overall budget of US$ 1.2 million
Month-Year: 
2018
Description: 
Two Readiness and Preparatory Support Proposals are being drafted, with support from UNDP and FAO, to request funding from the GCF to support the second phase of the NAP process (NAP-2)

Supporting Montenegro to advance their NAP process

Country background, Sustainable Development Goals and Paris Agreement

Montenegro is a small country located in the south-east of Europe on the Adriatic Sea. In the south, it has a temperate Mediterranean climate and in the northern, mountainous region the climate is more extreme, with hot summers and extremely cold winters. The economy is relatively diverse, but despite this, 70 per cent of rural incomes depend on agriculture.
 
Between 2001 and 2010, Montenegro experienced its warmest decade on record. Recent climate variability has led to destructive floods that have seriously damaged transport, urban and agricultural infrastructure, and private property in 2010. Climate projections indicate that overall precipitation is likely to decrease by around 10 per cent by 2030, the intensity and frequency of droughts and heat-waves will rise, and there will be increased occurrences of flooding and extreme weather events. 
 
Montenegro’s key climate documents are the National Climate Change Strategy by 2030 and the Intended Nationally Determined Contribution (INDC). These documents build on the national institutional framework and outline the climate change priorities and guide Montenegro towards meeting its obligations to the Paris Agreement and achieving the Sustainable Development Goals. Also, Montenegro’s Second National Communication to the UNFCCC (2015) outlines the consequences of various climate change scenarios and projections. However, despite these documents, adaptation as an area of focus has only recently surfaced in national policy and laws, with mitigation having previously been the predominant focus. 
 

How has the NAP-GSP supported to date?

 

Undertook a stocktaking mission to identify next steps in the NAP process
 

 

Between 1 – 3 February 2017, a NAP-GSP team undertook a preliminary mission to identify Montenegro’s strategic priorities regarding the NAP process. Through a stakeholder roundtable, qualitative interviews and extensive desk research, an assessment of relevant initiatives on climate mainstreaming, the institutional framework, and capacities relevant to the NAP process was conducted.
 

 

Developed a roadmap for Montenegro’s NAP process
 
 
Informed by the stocktaking mission and a rapid assessment of the gaps in Montenegro's adaptation planning, a Stocktaking Report was produced including a roadmap for the NAP process. The report identified the following capacity gaps and needs: (1) a lack of awareness about adaptation measures and how they can be integrated into current plans; (2) insufficient information on climate risks and vulnerabilities; and (3) reduced access to low-cost knowledge products due to language barriers.
 
 

 

Helped build capacity and  facilitated access to additional climate finance
 

 

 

Montenegro submitted a Readiness and Preparatory Support Proposal to the Green Climate Fund (GCF) in September 2016. The Readiness proposal was subsequently approved by the GCF, providing Montenegro with funding to support the strengthening of the NDA and developing strategic frameworks for engagement with the GCF - two important elements for the effective advancement of the NAP process in the country.
 
 
 

 

 

English
Region/Country: 
Level of Intervention: 
Key Collaborators: 
Location: 
Project Status: 
Display Photo: 
Project Dates: 
2018
Timeline: 
Month-Year: 
Sep 2016
Description: 
Montenegro submits their Intend Nationally Determined Contribution (INDC) to the Paris Agreement
Month-Year: 
Jun 2016
Description: 
Government delegation from Montenegro attends the NAP-GSP Eastern European, Caucasus and Central Asia Regional Workshop, Chisinau, Moldova
Month-Year: 
Feb 2017
Description: 
NAP-GSP undertakes a mission to Montenegro to take stock of adaptation policies and suggest next steps for the country’s NAP process
Month-Year: 
Mar 2017
Description: 
A Stocktaking Report and a preliminary roadmap for advancing the NAP process in Montenegro is developed
Month-Year: 
Dec 2017
Description: 
Montenegro ratifies the Paris Agreement
Month-Year: 
Jul 2017
Description: 
Readiness proposal submitted to the GCF for potential funding to support the NAP process (1st submission was in July 2017, and second submission was in August 2018)

Supporting Indonesia to advance their NAP process

Country background, Sustainable Development Goals and Paris Agreement

Indonesia is an archipelagic country home to approximately 260 million people, the 4th most populous country in the world.  As population grows, so do the impacts of natural hazards, floods and droughts, which are all being intensified by climate change. Furthermore the country is dealing with sea level rise, predicted to affect 42 million people living in low-lying coastal zones. Deforestation and forest degradation is exacerbating the vulnerability of these coastal zones, making nature-based solutions, such as mangrove reforestation, appropriate adaptation strategies.
 
The agricultural, water and fishing industries account for the majority of livelihoods in Indonesia, as well as being those most vulnerable to climate change. Protecting these industries from the accelerating effects of climate change are crucial to Indonesia’s national plans. Although a NAP hasn’t been developed yet, the National Action Plan on Climate Change Adaptation (RAN-API) is the first comprehensive strategy focusing on adaptation. The RAN-API and the NDC Indonesia submitted to the Paris Agreement provide a sturdy framework for the NAP process to build from, and advance the integration of climate change adaptation into Indonesia’s planning and budgeting process, and maintain progress towards achieving the SDGs.
 
 

How has the NAP-GSP supported to date?

 

Conducted a stocktaking exercise

 

 
This exercise was undertaken to identify gaps and needs to advance the NAP process, as well as key areas for adaptation planning through the enhancement of the RAN-API. The stocktaking identified areas where the integration of climate change adaptation into national planning and budgeting processes could be accelerated. Other areas included the improvement of the vulnerability assessment process in adaptation, as well as enhancing tracking and monitoring of adaptation interventions and vulnerability areas. 

 

 

Helped build capacity and  facilitated access to additional climate finance

 
The results of the stocktaking exercise are contributing towards the formulation of a Readiness and Preparatory Support Proposal, being developed by the government with support from UNDP, to be submitted to the Green Climate Fund, for the potential allocation of funds to support adapation planning and the NAP process.
 

 

English
Region/Country: 
Level of Intervention: 
Key Collaborators: 
Location: 
Country-level Initiatives: 
News and Updates: 

> UNDP supporting Indonesia in drive for climate-resilient farming communities

May 2018 - Around the world, the adverse impacts of climate change are being felt keenly by smallholder farmers. The UN Development Programme is now supporting Indonesia – a country in which around 30% of the population is employed in agriculture – to help acutely vulnerable farmers in Nusa Tenggara Timur to adapt. 

Project Dates: 
2018
Timeline: 
Month-Year: 
Oct 2016
Description: 
Indonesia ratifies the Paris Agreement
Month-Year: 
Nov 2016
Description: 
Indonesia submits their First Nationally Determined Contribution (NDC) to the Paris Agreement, which states the intent to develop a NAP by 2020
Month-Year: 
2017
Description: 
Indonesia requests support from the NAP-GSP, to help advance their NAP process
Month-Year: 
2017
Description: 
A stocktaking exercise takes place to identify gaps and entry points for adaptation planning

Supporting Indonesia to advance their NAP process

Country background, Sustainable Development Goals and Paris Agreement

Indonesia is an archipelagic country home to approximately 260 million people, the 4th most populous country in the world.  As population grows, so do the impacts of natural hazards, floods and droughts, which are all being intensified by climate change. Furthermore the country is dealing with sea level rise, predicted to affect 42 million people living in low-lying coastal zones. Deforestation and forest degradation is exacerbating the vulnerability of these coastal zones, making nature-based solutions, such as mangrove reforestation, appropriate adaptation strategies.
 
The agricultural, water and fishing industries account for the majority of livelihoods in Indonesia, as well as being those most vulnerable to climate change. Protecting these industries from the accelerating effects of climate change are crucial to Indonesia’s national plans. Although a NAP hasn’t been developed yet, the National Action Plan on Climate Change Adaptation (RAN-API) is the first comprehensive strategy focusing on adaptation. The RAN-API and the NDC Indonesia submitted to the Paris Agreement provide a sturdy framework for the NAP process to build from, and advance the integration of climate change adaptation into Indonesia’s planning and budgeting process, and maintain progress towards achieving the SDGs.
 
 

How has the NAP-GSP supported to date?

 

Conducted a stocktaking exercise

 

 
This exercise was undertaken to identify gaps and needs to advance the NAP process, as well as key areas for adaptation planning through the enhancement of the RAN-API. The stocktaking identified areas where the integration of climate change adaptation into national planning and budgeting processes could be accelerated. Other areas included the improvement of the vulnerability assessment process in adaptation, as well as enhancing tracking and monitoring of adaptation interventions and vulnerability areas. 

 

 

Helped build capacity and  facilitated access to additional climate finance

 
The results of the stocktaking exercise are contributing towards the formulation of a Readiness and Preparatory Support Proposal, being developed by the government with support from UNDP, to be submitted to the Green Climate Fund, for the potential allocation of funds to support adapation planning and the NAP process.
 

 

English
Region/Country: 
Level of Intervention: 
Key Collaborators: 
Location: 
Country-level Initiatives: 
News and Updates: 

> UNDP supporting Indonesia in drive for climate-resilient farming communities

May 2018 - Around the world, the adverse impacts of climate change are being felt keenly by smallholder farmers. The UN Development Programme is now supporting Indonesia – a country in which around 30% of the population is employed in agriculture – to help acutely vulnerable farmers in Nusa Tenggara Timur to adapt. 

Project Dates: 
2018
Timeline: 
Month-Year: 
Oct 2016
Description: 
Indonesia ratifies the Paris Agreement
Month-Year: 
Nov 2016
Description: 
Indonesia submits their First Nationally Determined Contribution (NDC) to the Paris Agreement, which states the intent to develop a NAP by 2020
Month-Year: 
2017
Description: 
Indonesia requests support from the NAP-GSP, to help advance their NAP process
Month-Year: 
2017
Description: 
A stocktaking exercise takes place to identify gaps and entry points for adaptation planning