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Taxonomy Term List

Canada-UNDP Climate Change Adaptation Facility

The Climate Change Adaptation Facility (CCAF), established by Canada in partnership with UNDP, aims to strengthen climate-resilient approaches to agriculture and water management, with an emphasis on gender-sensitive approaches.  This facility incorporates national projects in CambodiaCabo VerdeHaitiMaliNigerand Sudanthat scale up or extend projects previously supported by the Global Environment Facility’s Least Developed Countries Fund (GEF/LDCF).  In addition, a global component of the CCAF promotes south-south cooperation and enhance understanding about initiatives that address adaptation, especially the gender dimensions. 

The global Facility collects and analyzes information, experiences, and lessons learned emanating from the six national projects to produce and disseminate knowledge that can be shared between the countries and usefully applied in other contexts.  The CCAF also helps to broadly inform climate and sustainable development policies at the local, national and global levels, while promoting global exchange of information, experiences, and lessons learned.

Click on the country name below to find out more about each national project.

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Level of Intervention: 
Funding Source: 

La Facilité d’adaptation aux changements climatiques Canada/PNUD

La Facilité d’adaptation aux changements climatiques Canada/PNUD œuvre pour renforcer la sécurité alimentaire et la gestion de l’eau dans le contexte des changements climatiques. Elle soutient des initiatives d’adaptation dans six pays en développement: le Cap-Vert, le Cambodge, Haïti, le Mali, le Niger et le Soudan. Elle encourage les échanges, tout en favorisant la diffusion des stratégies innovantes ainsi que la transposition à plus grande échelle des initiatives concluantes. 
 

Canada-UNDP Climate Change Adaptation Facility Video

This 5 minute video gives an introduction to the Climate Change Adaptation Facility (CCAF). Established by Canada in partnership with UNDP, the facility aims to strengthen climate-resilient approaches to agriculture and water management, with an emphasis on gender-sensitive approaches.

The CCAF facility incorporates national projects in Cambodia, Cabo Verde, Haiti, Mali, Niger, and Sudan, that scale up or extend projects previously supported by the Global Environment Facility’s Least Developed Countries Fund.

Le Fonds d’Adaptation au Changement Climatique Canada-PNUD

Le Fonds d’Adaptation au Changement Climatique Canada-PNUD aide six pays à se préparer et à répondre aux impacts du changement climatique sur les vies et les moyens de subsistance

Le Fonds encourage l'échange et l'interaction entre ces pays et régions. Pour partager leurs approches novatrices et expériences réussies. Réunir connaissances et expériences est la seule façon de relever le défi du changement climatique.

Canada-UNDP Climate Change Adaptation Facility Trailer

This short trailer gives an introduction to the Climate Change Adaptation Facility (CCAF). Established by Canada in partnership with UNDP, the facility aims to strengthen climate-resilient approaches to agriculture and water management, with an emphasis on gender-sensitive approaches.

The CCAF facility incorporates national projects in Cambodia, Cape Verde, Haiti, Mali, Niger, and Sudan, that scale up or extend projects previously supported by the Global Environment Facility’s Least Developed Countries Fund.

Canada-UNDP Climate Change Adaptation Facility: Experiences from Mali

This photostory illustrates activities being undertaken and results achieved under a Canada-funded climate change adaptation project in Mali.

Canada-UNDP Climate Change Adaptation Facility: Experience from Cambodia and Sudan

This video provides an illustration and comparison of the concrete activities and results achieved to adapt to climate change in Cambodia and Sudan.  While working in different contexts, both countries are working to address similar challenges related to food security and water management through gender-sensitive approaches.  These projects are implemented under the Canada-UNDP Climate Change Adaptation Facility- supported by the Global Environment Facility's Least Developed Countries Fund and the Government of Canada.

Canada-UNDP Climate Change Adaptation Facility: Experiences from Sudan

This video illustrates specific activities and impressive results emerging from the climate change adptation project being implemented in Sudan.  Focusing primarily on the State of North Kordofan, resilient agricultural and water management practice are being introduced to address food security and water scarcity issues exacerbated by climate change.  This work is part of a project supported by the Global Environment Fund's Least Developed Countries Fund, and the Government of Canada.

Communications Products

A debut cookbook of climate-resilient recipes

Knowledge Products

Project Brief / Fact Sheet

UNDP Printable Photo Essay: No Water, No Life (SP)

UNDP Printable Photo Essay: No Water, No Life (FR)

UNDP Printable Photo Essay: No Water, No Life (EN)

UNDP Printable Photo Essay: Waiting for Rain (EN)

UNDP Printable Photo Essay: An Island Without Water (FR)

UNDP Printable Photo Essay: An Island Without Water (EN)

UNDP Printable Photo Essay: Coasts At Risk (SP)

UNDP Printable Photo Essay: Coasts At Risk (FR)

UNDP Printable Photo Essay: Coasts At Risk (EN)

Training & Tools

Guidance on Generating Content

Case Study

Case Study: Understanding Gender and its links to Climate Change in Mali

Programme Related Events

Project Details: 

As illustrated below, the Canada-UNDP Climate Change Adaptation Facility targets and supports three groups of stakeholders through its work:

1) Canada-funded adaptation projects Community of Practice which strengthens implementation of Canada-funded projects by facilitating communication, identifying lessons learned and sharing resources between project stakeholders'

2) Other CCA projects which strengthens and informs other adaptation projects supported by UNDP and other partners by documenting and sharing lessons learned from Canada-funded projects.  CCAF projects will also use lessons learned from this wider portfolio to inform implementation.

3) External Partners through communicating and sharing lessons learned from Canada-funded projects and UNDP's broader CCA portfolio with partners and donors.

 

 

Expected Key Results and Outputs: 

The global Canada-UNDP Climate Change Adaptation Facility has three key outcomes:

Outcome 1: Global coordination of Canada-UNDP portfolio of climate change adaptation projects is operational and visible

Outcome 2: Global knowledge management of climate change adaptation experience and lessons emerging from Canada-UNDP portfolio of projects is enhanced and effective

Outcome 3: Gender results from Canada-UNDP climate change adaptation project portfolio inform broader adaptation processes.

Contacts: 
UNDP
Jennifer Baumwoll
Project Coordinator - Canada-UNDP Climate Change Adaptation Facility
Project Status: 
Programme Meetings and Workshops: 

Global Exchange Workshop - Niamey, 2-5 March 2015: Bringing together a diversity of knowledge and experience is the only way to tackle the challenge of climate change. 

   To see video interviews with workshop participants, visit the CCAF YouTube Channel.
 
Climate change adaptation is a new and evolving area of work that has bourgeoned in the last decade, with many different measures tried, and many successes, challenges and lessons emerging.  As such, it becomes increasingly important to ensure the information and knowledge arising from this vast experience is shared through exchange and interaction at all levels - within countries, across borders and between regions. This was the aim behind the Global Exchange Workshop on Adaptation for Food Security and Resilience.  This Workshop, co-hosted by the Canada-UNDP Climate Change Adaptation Facility (CCAF) and the Africa Climate Adaptation Food Security (ACA) regional programme, brought together experts from eleven countries to share their experiences and lessons learn on a variety of adaptation-related issues.
 

The CCAF was established in 2014 to promote south-south cooperation and enhance understanding about initiatives that address adaptation, with a focus on gender dimensions. This Facility focuses on six initiatives supported by Canada, all aiming to strengthen resilient approaches to agriculture and water management. It also provides broader exchange between these projects and other adaptation initiatives supported by UNDP and other partners.  Similarly, the ACA regional programme, supported by the Government of Japan, aims to 1) improve climate information systems for informed decision-making and integrated planning approaches; and 2) test and scale up climate risk management measures including weather index insurance and community based adaptation measures, while also enhancing the capacity to access and manage climate finance. These two initiatives jointly hosted the Exchange Workshop in Niamey, Niger from 2-5 March.

Representatives from countries in Africa, Asia, Latin America and the Arab States were brought together to share experiences and document critical lessons and successes emerging from their ongoing projects. The workshop was organized around six thematic issues:

  • Climate-related information and services,
  • Innovations in water, soil, energy and crop management technologies and approaches,
  • Strengthening policy and institutions to better integrate agriculture, food security and climate change,
  • Financing measures for resilience,
  • Gender-sensitive approaches, and
  • Measuring impact of adaptation on development outcomes. 

Every participating country shared at least one innovative experience from their project related to these themes, and participants discussed the various processes, challenges and success factors that would allow others to apply the same approach in their countries.

The participants also visited three project sites near Niamey, where adaptation activities are being undertaken with support of the GEF and the Government of Canada. Activities observed included the introduction of new irrigation techniques and supporting women’s collectives engage with alternative income generating activities, such as gardening and livestock fattening. The participants had an opportunity to speak with the beneficiaries directly and understand their experiences and challenges.

This workshop stands as the first step in establishing a community of practice around the issues of adaptation and food security.  The information shared will be turned into technical briefings and comparative analyses, and the countries will continue their exchange.  A full workshop report is available on the CCAF ALM website here: in English: Proceedings of Global Exchange Workshop - Niamey, 2-5 March 2015, and en Francais: Rapport de l"Atelier International d'Echanges sur l'Adaptation pour la Securite Alimentaire et la Resilience and all of the presentations and workshop materials are available on the Global Exchange Workshop Teamworks Page.  

For further information, please contact Jennifer Baumwoll, CCAF project coordinator at Jennifer.baumwoll@undp.org

News and Updates: 

How to get gender-responsive adaptation right

Why is it so difficult to integrate gender into climate change responses? Even with increased emphasis from global policies, donors and funding streams, gender-responsive adaptation is still challenging. Observers mention a number of hurdles such as limited resources, lack of information or deficient expertise —it seems that many practitioners lack an understanding of how to do it. The underlying issue, though, is a refusal to accept that gender-responsive adaptation is better adaptation. We must therefore shift the way that we approach it. Typical solutions to addressing gender in climate change include scattering into proposals and other documents terms like “women” and “equality”, or increasing the number of women beneficiaries in climate projects. In practice, this fails to fundamentally change any part of the underlying design or implementation of a strategy or programme, and therefore has limited impact on ensuring true gender equality. Climate change adaptation is inherently context-specific, and often based on changing behaviour. Climatic changes vary based on the location, as do the social, economic and cultural conditions which define resilience and sustainability. Therefore, when it comes to integrating gender into adaptation, there is no single solution. This is, again, why the challenge is so real.

SciDev
Tuesday 5 September 2017


Women. Work. Climate. by Climate Adaptation UNDP on Exposure


Adaptive Farms, Resilient Tables by Climate Adaptation UNDP on Exposure


Equal Access to Water by Climate Adaptation UNDP on Exposure


Women. Food. Climate. by Climate Adaptation UNDP on Exposure


Run the World by Climate Adaptation UNDP on Exposure


Solar EmPOWERment by Climate Adaptation UNDP on Exposure

Display Photo: 

Economics of Climate Change Adaptation Programme in Asia and the Pacific

The Economics of Climate Change Adaptation Programme in Asia and the Pacific

The objective of this programme, the first phase of which ran between 2012 and 2015, was to strengthen the capacity of technical officers in Ministries of Planning/Finance, as well as line Ministries (Environment, Agriculture, Water, Public Works, and others) to assess economic costs and benefits when evaluating different adaptation alternatives, as they relate to medium- and long-term national, sub-national and sectoral development plans.

The programme  aimed to produce a cadre of practitioners in government who can prepare high-quality economic analyses related to climate change adaptation projects and programmes. In coordination with other ongoing and planned UNDP initiatives, the programme was designed to strengthen governments’ capacity to more fully integrate climate change adaptation into national, sub-national and sector planning and budgeting.

Ultimately, the programme sought to institutionalize these important analytical skills into ministries and departments, and to enable countries to formulate economically efficient and climate resilient development plans, including National Adaptation Plans (NAPs) - a process established under the Cancun Adaptation Framework (CAF) to help countries identify their medium- and long-term adaptation needs.

In 2017, the ECCA programme transitioned into Phase Two, in collaboration with the Asian Insititute of Technology.

For more information visit : ECCA Asia and the Pacific.

Level of Intervention: 
Primary Beneficiaries: 
The programme aims to produce a cadre of technical officers in each country who are able to conduct economic analyses of climate change adaptation and to feed those analyses into planning and budgeting processes. The programme will seek to strengthen existing systems of sector level planning and budgeting to incorporate key results from the economics of adaptation so that decisions can be evidence-based.
Funding Source: 

Knowledge Products

Economics of Climate Change Adaptation (ECCA): Sri Lanka

Economics of Climate Change Adaptation (ECCA): Mongolia

Economics of Climate Change Adaptation (ECCA): Viet Nam

Training & Tools

Economics of Adaptation: Toolkit

Highlights

Assessments and Background Documents

Background paper - Pacific Cost-Benefit Analysis Initiative (P-CBA)

Document

Hydro-Economic Model Webinar

Examples of Cost- Benefit Analysis Reports

Niue PACC Cost- Benefit Analysis Final Report

Tuvalu PACC Cost- Benefit Analysis Final Report

The Solomon Islands PACC Cost- Benefit Analysis Final Report

The Republic of Marshall Islands PACC Cost- Benefit Analysis Report

Palau PACC Cost- Benefit Analysis Report

Samoa PACC Cost- Benefit Analysis Final Report

Relevant Peer-Reviewed Articles

Climate Models at Their Limit? (Mark Maslin and Patrick Austin, 2012)

Efficient Adaptation to Climate Change (Robert Mendelsohn, 2000)

Reports and Publications of relevance to Country Teams

Potential Impacts of Climate Change on the Egyptian Economy (2012)

Frequently Asked Questions: The UNDP Capacity Assessment Methodology (UNDP, 2009)

Capacity Development: Measuring Capacity (UNDP, 2010)

Capacity Development: Practice Note (UNDP, 2008)

Capacity Assessment: Practice Note (UNDP, 2008)

Capacity Development: A UNDP Primer (UNDP, 2009)

Guide to Cost-Benefit Analysis of Investment Projects (European Commission, 2008)

Handbook on Economic Analysis of Investment Operations (World Bank, 1998)

Annotated Bibliography of Adaptation Studies

Project Details: 

The programme was designed and rolled out as a compliment to UNDP's support to countries on adaptation with financing from the Least Developed Country Fund, Special Climate Change Fund (managed by the Global Environment Facility) and the Adaptation Fund. It was aligned with UNDP-GEF-UNEP support to countries that are preparing to formulate National Adaptation Plans (NAPs).

Specifically, the approach adopted in this capacity building programme was based on the following key elements:

• Training of technical officers at the national and sub-national level to estimate the economic costs and benefits of climate change impacts as well as adaptation options. 
• Support to technical officers at the national and sub-national level, to assess the costs and benefits of climate change adaptation options in order to promote learning by doing.
• Establishment of the training programme within a suitable center of excellence in the country or region that can provide continuous technical advisory support on the economics of adaptation to countries developing national adaptation plans and investment projects.
• Convening of policy dialogue forums with Ministries of Planning/Finance and line Ministries at the country and regional level to discuss the economics of adaptation in the context of national and sub-national medium and long-term national development plans and investment projects.
• Development and nurturing of a virtual community of practice of technical officers working on the economics of adaptation.
• Support for the appraisal of investment projects for adaptation that can be financed from current and emerging sources of climate finance.

Expected Key Results and Outputs: 


• Technical officers in Planning, Finance, Environment, Agriculture, Water and Public Works Ministries and others at the national and sub-national level were trained to estimate the economic costs and benefits of climate change impacts, as well as adaptation options. 
• Country Teams (comprised of technical officers from relevant Government Ministries, academia and others) conducted assessments on the costs and benefits of climate change adaptation options (this work was linked to ongoing adaptation projects financed by the Least Developed Country Fund, Special Climate Change Fund and/or Adaptation Fund).
• Investment projects for adaptation financed from current and emerging sources of funds such as the Green Climate Fund were assessed in terms of their economic costs and benefits.
• The training programme was established within a suitable learning center in the country or region in order to provide continuous technical advisory support to countries on the assessment of economic costs/benefits of adaptation.
• Regular policy dialogue forums with Ministries of Planning/Finance and line Ministries were conducted at the country and regional level, to discuss the economics of adaptation in the context of national and sub-national medium and long-term national development planning process.
• A virtual community of practice working on the economics of adaptation was established, with innovative means to share lessons and knowledge, including Live Chats and Webinars- virtual classroom settings where participants discuss issues with the lead mentors as well as each other. The Global ALM platform provided facilities for the community of practice to share learning materials, as well as lessons learned.

    Contacts: 
    UNDP
    Pradeep Kurukulasuriya
    Head of Climate Change Adaptation, Global Environmental Finance Unit, Bureau for Policy and Programme Support
    UNDP
    Technical Specialist
    Project Status: 
    News and Updates: 

    'Uniting theory and action: Asia Pacific Economics of Climate Change Adaptation programme relaunches' - UNDP, June 2017. Notice of launch of Phase Two of the ECCA  Programme in partnership with the Asian Institute of Technology.

    Economics of Climate Change Adaptation Training, 21 August – 1 September 2017, Pathum Thani, Thailand. Materials from training, lead by Asian Institute of Technology in collaboration with UNDP.


     

    Information in French / Informations en français: 


    Display Photo: 
    Expected Key Results and Outputs (Summary): 


    Civil Society Engagement: 


    Community-Based Adaptation: Kazakhstan

    While Kazakhstan has a rapidly growing economy, farmers and pastoralists outside of the main urban centers face significant climate change risks to their livelihoods stemming from increased aridity. A combination of rising temperatures, declining average rainfall, and regional deglaciation threaten to cause:

    • Increased drought risk in rainfed farmlands
    • Increased salinization risk in irrigated farmlands
    • Increased erosion risks in both farmlands and rangelands
    • Declining rangeland water resources, leading to overstocking and erosion around remaining water resources
    • Decreased habitat for native fauna

    Community-Based Adaptation in Kazakhstan will work with communities to integrate climate change concerns into sustainable rangeland and agricultural management practices, and work with local water managers to integrate climate change concerns into irrigation regimes for climate-resilient and sustainable agriculture. Activities will be guided by the Kazakhstan CBA Country Programme Strategy.

    The Government of Switzerland co-finances six of the CBA projects in Kazakhstan that focus on land degradation and water scarcity. The partnership began in November 2009.

    The CBA Kazakhstan portfolio consists of ten (10) projects:

    1. Reducing Vulnerability to Declining Water Supplies in Burevestnik

    2. Forest Protection Belts to Combat Increasing Aridity in Shyrkyn Village

    3. Sustainable Water and Land Management in South Kazakhstan Under Increased Aridity

    4. Demonstrating Adaptive Land Management in Priozernoye

    5. Climate-Resilient Horse Production in Kargaly Village

    6. Climate-Resilient Pasture and Livestock Management in Zhangeldy Village

    7. Adaptation to Increased Aridity through Climate-Resilient Agro-Silvo-Pastoralism Using Sauxal

    8. Adapting Grazing Stock-Raising in Lepsy Village

    9. Adapting Farming Practices to Increasing Temperatures and Aridity in Akmola Oblast

    10. Autumn/Winter Irrigation as Adaptive Mechanism for Water Resources

    Kazakhstan is one of ten (10) countries implementing projects as part of UNDP's "Community-Based Adaptation" programme. *

    Photos: 
    Region/Country: 
    Level of Intervention: 
    Coordinates: 
    POINT (71.3671875 51.0699330714)
    Funding Source: 
    Financing Amount: 
    $408,890 (approximate, as detailed Aug. 2012)

    Brochures, Posters, Communications Products

    Community-Based Adaptation to Climate Change Brochure (July 2010)

    Annual Reports

    Community-Based Adaptation in Kazakhstan and Central Asia

    Case Study

    CBA Kazakhstan - Kogal - Success Story

    CBA Kazakhstan - Akbota - Success Story

    Adaptation Bulletin

    CBA Feature in Adaptation Bulletin (issue 7)

    ProDocs

    CBA Kazakhstan - Country Programme Strategy (English)

    PIFs

    CBA Kazakhstan - NPZ - Project Proposal (EN)

    CBA Kazakhstan - NPZ - Project Concept (EN)

    CBA Kazakhstan - Burevestnik - Project Proposal (EN)

    CBA Kazakhstan - Burevestnik - Project Concept (EN)

    CBA Kazakhstan - Burevestnik - Project Concept (RUS)

    CBA Kazakhstan - Kargaly - Project Concept (RUS)

    CBA Kazakhstan - Kargaly - Project Proposal (EN)

    CBA Kazakhstan - Kargaly - Project Summary (EN)

    CBA Kazakhstan - Zhuldyz - Project Proposal (EN)

    CBA Kazakhstan - Zhuldyz - Project Concept (EN)

    CBA Kazakhstan - Zhuldyz - Project Concept (RUS)

    CBA Kazakhstan - Shymkent - Project Proposal (EN)

    CBA Kazakhstan - Shymkent - Project Concept (EN)

    CBA Kazakhstan - Shymkent - Project Proposal (RUS)

    CBA Kazakhstan - Shymkent - Project Concept (RUS)

    CBA Kazakhstan - ToN - Project Proposal (RUS)

    CBA Kazakhstan - ToN - Project Concept (RUS)

    CBA Kazakhstan - ToN - Project Proposal (EN)

    CBA Kazakhstan - ToN - Project Concept (EN)

    CBA Kazakhstan - Lepsy - Project Proposal (RUS)

    CBA Kazakhstan - Lepsy - Project Concept Paper (RUS)

    CBA Kazakhstan - Lepsy - Project Proposal (EN)

    CBA Kazakhstan - Lepsy - Project Summary (EN)

    CBA Kazakhstan - Akbota - Project Proposal (EN)

    CBA Kazakhstan - Akbota - Project Summary (EN)

    CBA Kazakhstan - Biogene - Project Proposal

    CBA Kazakhstan - Kogal - Project Proposal (EN)

    CBA Kazakhstan - Kogal - Project Summary (EN)

    Project Brief / Fact Sheet

    CBA Kazakhstan - NPZ - Fast Facts

    CBA Kazakhstan - Kargaly - Fast Facts

    CBA Kazakhstan - Zhuldyz - Fast Facts

    CBA Kazakhstan - Shymkent - Fast Facts

    CBA Kazakhstan - ToN - Fast Facts

    CBA Kazakhstan - Lepsy - Fast Facts

    CBA Kazakhstan - Kogal - Fast Facts

    Assessments and Background Documents

    CBA Kazakhstan - Shymkent - Final Evaluation

    CBA Kazakhstan - ToN - Final Evaluation

    CBA Kazakhstan - Lepsy - Final Evaluation

    CBA Kazakhstan - Kogal - Final Evaluation

    Co-Financing Total: 
    $463,000 (approximate, as detailed Aug. 2012)
    Project Details: 

    Kazakhstan is a semiarid to arid country with a temperate climate, facing significant desiccation in the face of climate change, and significant exacerbation of baseline (non-climate) pressures.  Kazakhstan’s national communications to the UNFCCC indicate that climate change scenarios for Kazakhstan project an increase in average temperature (approximately +1.4 by 2030 to +4.6 by 2085), and northward migration of humidity zones by as much as 450km.  This increasing aridity threatens to significantly decrease the resilience of Kazakhstan’s ecosystems to land degradation pressures, constituting both a considerable threat to the natural environment, as well as to national development and poverty alleviation targets.

    Climate change impacts are expected to exacerbate existing land degradation pressures, by reducing ecosystem resilience to non-climate drivers of land degradation, while also contributing towards land degradation directly through desiccation and increased wind and water erosion (see section d, “baseline-additionally reasoning”).  Land degradation already had significant adverse impact on rural communities, whose livelihoods are dependant on agriculture and livestock production. Climate change will increase the severity and geographic extent of land degradation pressures, threatening these livelihoods further (INC 2008).    

    The UNDP Community Based Adaptation (CBA) Programme in Kazakhstan will work to reduce the climate change-induced risks on Kazakhstan’s land resources, by developing local capacity and introducing new techniques for climate-resilient sustainable land management. This will be achieved by implementing 8 to 12 demonstration projects that will enhance community and/or ecosystem resilience to climate change impacts.  These projects will also contribute towards securing climate change resilient global environmental benefits (GEB), focusing on sustainable land management. Lessons from projects on best practices will be shared for replication by national development institutions such as the 'Kazyna' Sustainable Development Fund, Small Businesses Support Fund, as well as others within and outside of Kazakhstan.

    The CBA programme draws on priority adaptation-related identified through ongoing work on Kazakhstan’s Second National Communication and other climate change-related programmes, enabling access to climate change and adaptation information as well as policy processes, particularly within the agricultural sector. The Programme will be implemented in Kazakhstan by UNDP using the mechanism of the UNDP/Global Environment Facility’s Small Grants Programme (UNDP-GEF/SGP).  The work will be conducted in alignment with the GEF/SGP country programme and in accordance with the UNDP’s corporate guidelines on climate change adaptation. The CBA projects will be singled out as an individual project portfolio independent of the GEF/SGP regular grant portfolio with implications for independent and separate co-financing requirements.

    Objectives and Impact Indicators

    The objective of the CBA programme in Kazakhstan is to implement the principles of sustainable community management of natural resources in the face of climate change.

    To assess the achievement of the above objective, the following four UNDP Climate Change Adaptation indicators (TA6) will be measured:

    • Number of measures (implemented methodologies/ approaches) deployed as part of climate change resilient sustainable resource management activities;
    • Success of sustainable resource management interventions in securing livelihoods and protecting resources (QBS);
    • Number of stakeholders (e.g. families/households) benefiting from climate change resilient sustainable resource management activities;
    • Number of local and national SLM programmes/policies that are revised to reflect lessons learnt/ best practices from the CBA programme.
    Expected Key Results and Outputs: 

    The objective of the CBA programme in Kazakhstan is to implement the principles of sustainable community management of natural resources in the face of climate change.

    To assess the achievement of the above objective, the following four UNDP Climate Change Adaptation indicators (TA6) will be measured:

    • Number of measures (implemented methodologies/ approaches) deployed as part of climate change resilient sustainable resource management activities;
    • Success of sustainable resource management interventions in securing livelihoods and protecting resources (QBS);
    • Number of stakeholders (e.g. families/households) benefiting from climate change resilient sustainable resource management activities;
    • Number of local and national SLM programmes/policies that are revised to reflect lessons learnt/ best practices from the CBA programme.
    Monitoring & Evaluation: 

    Monitoring and evaluation for community-based adaptation is a new field, and the CBA project is piloting innovative approaches to evaluating the success of locally-driven adaptation projects, and generating lessons to inform ongoing practice.

    Key considerations in M&E for CBA include:

    • Grounding M&E in the local context: M&E for CBA should avoid overly rigid frameworks, recognizing community heterogeneity and maintaining local relevance
    • Capturing global lessons from local projects: CBA projects are highly contextualized, but lessons generated should be relevant to stakeholders globally
    • Incorporation of both quantitative and qualitative indicators: to ground projects in tangible changes that can be objectively evaluated, and to capture lessons and case studies for global dissemination

    To these ends, the CBA project uses three indicator systems: the Vulnerability Reduction Assessment, the Small Grants Programme Impact Assessment System, and the UNDP Climate Change Adaptation Indicator Framework.

    The Vulnerability Reduction Assessment (VRA)

    The VRA is a question-based approach with the following aims:

    • To make M&E responsive to community priorities
    • To use M&E to make projects more accountable to local priorities
    • To make M&E capture community ideas and local knowledge
    • To gather community-level feedback to guide ongoing project management
    • To generate qualitative information
    • To capture lessons on specific issues within community-based adaptation
    • To generate case studies highlighting adaptation projects

    The VRA follows UNDP's Adaptation Policy Framework, and is measured in a series of meetings with local community stakeholders. In these meetings, locally-tailored questions based on standard VRA questions/indicators are posed, and the community assigns a numerical score on a 1-10 scale for each question. Progress is evaluated through changes in scores over the course of implementation, as well as through qualitative data collected in community discussions surrounding the exercise.

    UNDP has developed a Users Guide to the VRA (Espanol) (Francais) as a tool to assist practitioners to conceptualize and execute VRA measurements in the context of CBA projects.

    The SGP Impact Assessment System (IAS)

    The CBA, being a project of the GEF Strategic Priority on Adaptation, aims to increase the resilience of ecosystems and communities to the impacts of climate change, generating global environmental benefits, and increasing their resilience in the face of climate change impacts. To this end, the CBA projects use the SGP's impact assessment system for monitoring achievements in GEF focal areas (focusing primarily on biodiversity and sustainable land management).

    The IAS is composed of a number of quantitative indicators which track biophysical ecosystem indicators, as well as policy impact, capacity development and awareness-building.

    UNDP Climate Change Adaptation Indicator Framework

    CBA projects also track quantitative indicators from UNDP's adaptation indicator framework, corresponding to the thematic area on natural resources management. More information on UNDP's indicator framework can be found on the UNDP climate change adaptation monitoring and evaluation website.

     

    This description applies to all projects implemented through UNDP's Community-Based Adaptation programme. Specific details on this project's M&E will be included here as they become available. *

    Contacts: 
    UNDP
    CBA Project Management Unit
    GEF Small Grants Programme
    Ms. Katerina Yushenko
    National Coordinator (Kazakhstan)
    Funding Source Short Code: 
    SPA