Supporting developing countries to advance national adaptation plans (NAPs)

Supporting developing countries to advance national adaptation plans (NAPs)

UNDP and UN Environment are together providing global support to developing countries to advance their National Adaptation Plan (NAP) processes, through technical and institutional support, and through facilitating regional exchange and learning. The joint UNDP/UN Environment National Adaptation Plan Global Support Programme (NAP-GSP) works in partnership with governments in more than 40 developing countries globally to advance their NAPs.

The NAPs process was established under the Cancun Adaptation Framework (2010) in order to prepare countries for addressing climate risk in the medium term. The main objectives of the NAPs are to reduce vulnerability to climate change, and to mainstream climate change adaptation in all levels of planning.  The NAPs are not a one-off investment. The process is intended to be continuous, progressive and iterative. NAPs require building a stronger evidence base, improving skills and capacity and adopting learning by doing approaches. NAPs need to be country-driven, gender-sensitive, participatory and use transparent approaches.

UNDP is supporting countries on NAPs through a portfolio of initiatives in partnership with development partners.

The main areas of work are:

1) Assisting countries to think through what it means to integrate climate into planning and budgeting and develop a plan of action that specifies what needs to be done and resources required.

2) Providing in-country and virtual support on stocktaking of capacity gaps and needs as well as of ongoing adaptation plans and activities to identify entry points for NAP support. UNDP provides training on  NAPs process for multi-stakeholder groups; economics of adaptation; and understanding climate information in the context of development planning

3) Assisting countries to integrate vulnerable sectors, thematic areas, sub-national approaches and legal issues into adaptation planning and budgeting by supporting sectoral and cross-sectoral stock-taking, assessments and application of appropriate tools and guidelines.

UNDP's support to the NAPs contributes to achieve outcome 1 of UNDPs 2014-2017 Strategic Plan. This outcome is stated as  ‘Growth and development are inclusive and sustainable, incorporating productive capacities that create employment and livelihoods for the poor and excluded’

Projects

National Adaptation Plans in Liberia

The GCF-funded project "To advance the National Adaptation Plans (NAP) process for medium-term investment planning in climate-sensitive sectors (i.e.

Supporting developing countries to integrate the agricultural sectors into National Adaptation Plans: Uganda

Agriculture is a crucial sector in Uganda, accounting for approximately 21.9 percent of its GDP, 85 percent of its export earnings, and 68 percent of total employment. The country is experiencing the effects of climate change including increased temperatures, frequent disease and insect infestations, disrupted rainfall patterns, and frequent floods, droughts and extreme weather events. This has severe impacts on agriculture, making the sector highly vulnerable to climate change. 
 

Supporting developing countries to integrate the agricultural sectors into National Adaptation Plans: Vietnam

Viet Nam’s agricultural sector contributes 18.1 percent to its GDP and employs approximately 47 percent of the labour force. Viet Nam has seven different climate regions with variations of temperature, rainfall patterns, and frequencies/ intensities of cyclones, floods, and droughts.
 

Supporting Papua New Guinea to advance their NAP process

Country background, Sustainable Development Goals and Paris Agreement

Supporting developing countries to integrate the agricultural sectors into National Adaptation Plans: Thailand

In Thailand agriculture constitutes 10.5 percent of the GDP (2014) and employs approximately  25 million people, accounting for 42 percent of the labour force. Over 80 percent of the country's poor live in rural areas (as of 2014) and are particularly dependent on agriculture. Climate change impacts are projected to increase the frequency and severity of floods, droughts, extreme weather events, sea level rise, and high temperatures.

Supporting Armenia to advance their NAP process

Country background, Sustainable Development Goals and Paris Agreement

Supporting Philippines to advance their NAP process

Country background, Sustainable Development Goals and Paris Agreement

Supporting Montenegro to advance their NAP process

Country background, Sustainable Development Goals and Paris Agreement

Supporting Peru to advance their NAP process

Country background, Sustainable Development Goals and Paris Agreement

Supporting Moldova to advance their NAP Process

 

Country background, Sustainable Development Goals and Paris Agreement

Supporting Indonesia to advance their NAP process

Country background, Sustainable Development Goals and Paris Agreement

Supporting developing countries to integrate the agricultural sectors into National Adaptation Plans: Uruguay

The agriculture sectors, in particular livestock farming, plays a major role in the Uruguayan economy, accounting for 7 percent of the GDP and 70 percent of the country’s total exports. 
 
Over the last decade, the agricultural sectors have experienced a period of rapid growth, intensification and modernization. However, agriculture production remains highly exposed to climate change and climate variability, with floods and droughts during the same period becoming more intense.
 

Supporting developing countries to integrate the agricultural sectors into National Adaptation Plans: Zambia

Zambia is highly vulnerable to climate change as its socio-economic development and livelihoods are very much dependent on natural resources.
 
Almost 72 percent of the Zambian population are engaged in agricultural activities, of which almost 65 percent are women. Many are smallholder farmers that are reliant on rain-fed agriculture and unsustainable land use practices, which leaves them extremely vulnerable to the effects of climate change and variability.
 

Supporting developing countries to integrate the agricultural sectors into National Adaptation Plans: Kenya

The agricultural sectors form the basis of Kenya’s economy and employ a large percentage of the population. Over 80 percent of the population derive their livelihoods mainly from agricultural activities and the agricultural sector constitutes about a quarter of the GDP.
 

Building Capacity of Negotiators in LDCs

The UN Development Programme (UNDP) and UN Environment (UNEP) have jointly launched a global support programme to assist Least Developed Countries (LDCs) to strategically engage in intergovernmental climate change negotiation processes.

Supporting LDCs to advance National Adaptation Plans

The NAP-GSP  is assisting Least Developed Countries (LDCs) to advance National Adaptation Plans (NAPs). The Global Support Programme on NAPs has been set up to assist countries to bring greater focus and attention to medium and long-term climate change adaptation planning as well as budgeting

 

NAP GSP

 

 

 

 

 

Supporting Non-LDCs to advance National Adaptation Plans (NAPs)

The National Adaptation Plan - Global Support Programme (NAP-GSP) for non-Least Developed Countries (non-LDCs) commenced in July 2015. The NAP-GSP is funded by the Special Climate Change Fund of the Global Environment Facility. The programme is a support mechanism to countries engaged in national adaptation planning processes.

Economics of Climate Change Adaptation Programme in Asia and the Pacific

The Economics of Climate Change Adaptation Programme in Asia and the Pacific

The objective of this programme, the first phase of which ran between 2012 and 2015, was to strengthen the capacity of technical officers in Ministries of Planning/Finance, as well as line Ministries (Environment, Agriculture, Water, Public Works, and others) to assess economic costs and benefits when evaluating different adaptation alternatives, as they relate to medium- and long-term national, sub-national and sectoral development plans.