Supporting Bhutan to advance their NAP process

Project Overview

May 2015
NAP process is presented to stakeholders and launches during a Dialogue on Climate Resilient and Carbon Neutral Development in Thimpu, along with the launch of the NDC
Feb 2016
NEC meeting directives establishes that the Climate Change Department (CCD) of NECS would take the lead on NAP development and that a Climate Change Policy concept note would be developed
Mar 2016
A roadmap for Bhutan´s NAP process is presented for discussion and finalization at a National Workshop on Advancing Action on Climate Change for National Priorities and International Obligations
Apr 2016
NECS prepares a draft proposal for NAP readiness support from the GCF, with support from UNDP, and engages with stakeholders in consultations, including on project objectives and outputs and on institutional roles
Jun 2016
A workshop is held on Climate Change Information and Tools for Vulnerability and Adaptation included stocktaking of existing information in Bhutan on vulnerability and adaptation and generated information useful for the NAP process
Sep 2017
The Gross National Happiness Commission (GNHC) submits a NAP Readiness proposal to the Green Climate Fund
Jan 2019
The Green Climate Fund (GCF) approves readiness funding to further advance Bhutan’s NAP process

Country background, Sustainable Development Goals and Paris Agreement

The Kingdom of Bhutan is a landlocked least developed country (LDC) in the Himalayan Mountains, with a population of 768,577, covering an area of 38,394 km². The area is mountainous, with steep slopes and 70 percent forest cover. The climate varies by altitude from alpine to subtropical and is strongly influenced by monsoons. The terrain limits agricultural productivity, but whilst agriculture contributes only 16 percent to GDP, it employs around 58 percent of the workforce. Changes in rainfall are expected to lead to wetter conditions in the monsoon season and slightly drier winters. Extreme climate events, such as heavy rainfall, are becoming more common and have led to flash floods and landslides. These hazards are expected to affect a range of sectors.

In 2006, Bhutan developed its National Adaptation Programme of Action (NAPA). The NAPA formed a set of objectives, which included identifying immediate projects and activities that can help communities adapt and to integrate climate change risks into the national planning process. The NAPA projects and profiles were updated in 2012, to identify eight priority projects. Environmental protection is a priority for the Kingdom of Bhutan, and this is mandated by the Constitution. Bhutan´s 11th Five Year Development Plan 2013-2018 prioritises climate change, with a National Key Result Area (NKRA) on ‘Carbon neutral/green and climate resilient development’. However, the NKRA still needs to be articulated into sectoral strategies, in key areas such as hydropower and agriculture. Climate change adaptation is not explicitly integrated into policies such as the National Environment Protection Act (2007) and the Economic Development Policy (2017). Bhutan ratified the Paris Agreement in September 2017. The country’s Nationally Determined Contribution (NDC), submitted in 2015, includes an adaptation component, identifying ten priority adaptation needs based on the NAPA and the vulnerability assessment of the Second National Communication (2011).

As adaptation to climate change is critical, Bhutan has highlighted priority adaptation actions in its NDC. For each of the priorities, a set of proposed adaptation actions are put forward. The NDC also stated that it recognizes the importance of formulating a National Adaptation Plan (NAP) for the medium-to long-term, to reduce vulnerability, by integrating adaptation into development planning and implementing priority adaptation actions. The importance of external funding to enable the formulation and implementation of the NAP process has been highlighted in the NDC. Preliminary climate change scenarios and a vulnerability assessment were carried out as part of the Second National Communication (SNC) to the UNFCCC (2011).

How has the NAP-GSP supported to date?

Support with the NAP preliminary assessment and capacity development 

There are several projects supporting the strengthening of climate and weather information systems. Preliminary assessments have been carried out specifically for the water sector. Water has been identified as a key, crosscutting sector for adaptation in the country, calling for further water-specific risk assessments. There is a need to put in place more solid baseline risk assessments and economic analysis to inform selection of priority adaptation investments. A capacity development plan on adaptation and a review of institutional arrangements were carried out under the NAPA II project.

 

 

Produced a Stocktaking Report to identify priority areas for the NAP process
 
Priority areas for the NAP process, identified during consultations, include: enhancing climate information; addressing climate risk management in line with NDC adaptation priorities, especially with regards to water; strengthening prioritization and appraisal of adaptation investments; and building monitoring and evaluation systems to strengthen learning and evidence on adaptation.
 

 

Helped build capacity and  facilitated access to additional climate finance
 

 

 

The Kingdom of Bhutan launched its National Adaptation Plan (NAP) process in 2015, and in January 2019 the Green Climate Fund (GCF) approved readiness funding to further advance Bhutan’s NAP process with a focus on water as a cross-cutting adaptation issue with the support of UNDP. Bhutan’s NAP process aims to build on Bhutan’s Nationally Determined Contribution (NDC), articulate medium to long-term climate adaptation priorities, and scale up investment in adaptation in priority sectors - including water resources.
 

 

 

 

News

Advancing climate adaptation in Bhutan: Common challenges and solutions 7 March 2020 – Common challenges and solutions that emerged from a compilation of interviews conducted at the Gobeshona 6 Conference from the government, municipality and academic sector.

Success stories from Bhutan’s process to formulate and implement the NAP  5 March 2020 - The Kingdom of Bhutan launched its National Adaptation Plan (NAP) process in 2015, and in January 2019 the Green Climate Fund (GCF) approved readiness funding to further advance Bhutan’s NAP process with a focus on water as a cross-cutting adaptation issue with the support of UNDP.

Preparation of a National Adaptation Plan (NAP) for Bhutan, with a focus on the water sector - June 2019 - Bhutan has identified the water sector as a national priority, and seeks to identify synergies and areas of cooperation in terms of water resources management and development among different sectors in the 12th Five Year Plan (FYP).

‘Protect landscapes to protect everything’: Bhutan announces national push for climate resiliency and conservation - 11 November 2017 - As COP23 international climate talks continue in Bonn, Bhutan has launched a groundbreaking US$13.9 million Global Environment Facility project aimed at enhancing the resilience of communities and protecting the country’s unique and rich biodiversity in the face of a changing climate.

Country Initiatives

Supporting LDCs to advance National Adaptation Plans

Supporting Benin to advance their NAP Process

NAP-GSP has provided support to identify adaptation planning activities and support to leverage finance for NAPs. The 'NAP in focus: Lessons from Benin' publication has been prepared in collaboration with the Government of Benin.

 

Supporting Burundi to advance their NAP Process

UNDP is supporting Burundi with initial NAP stocktaking and identification of needs regarding their adaptation planning and budgeting.

Supporting Cambodia to advance their NAP Process

Country background, Sustainable Development Goals and Paris Agreement

Supporting Comoros to advance their NAP process

Country background, Sustainable Development Goals and Paris Agreement

Supporting Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC) to advance their NAP Process

A mission took place from 21-30 October 2016, to consult stakeholders on adaptation priorities and key activities to advance the NAP process. As a result of the mission, a stocktaking report was developed by NAP-GSP on the degree of integration of CCA into budgeting and planning processes at all level (national, sectoral, local). The stocktaking report has also identified the most urgent adaptation needs and the underlying strategic actions needed to implement them.

Supporting Djibouti to advance their NAP Process

Country background, Sustainable Development Goals and Paris Agreement

Supporting Guinea Bissau to advance their NAP Process

Country background, Sustainable Development Goals and Paris Agreement

Supporting Guinea Conakry to advance their NAP process

Country background, Sustainable Development Goals and Paris Agreement

Supporting Liberia to advance their NAP Process

Country background, Sustainable Development Goals and Paris Agreement

Supporting Madagascar to advance their NAP Process

A publication 'NAP in focus: Lessons from Madagascar' has been prepared by NAP-GSP outlining the lessons learnt from the NAP processes in Madagascar.

Supporting Mauritania to advance their NAP Process

Country background, Sustainable Development Goals and Paris Agreement

Supporting Mozambique to advance their NAP Process

Country background, Sustainable Development Goals and Paris Agreement

Supporting Niger to advance their NAP Process

A NAP mission was conducted from 29 August to 2 September 2016 to identify priority interventions to advance the NAP process. Consultations were held with the Green Climate Fund National Committee, which includes the Ministry of Planning, the Ministry of Finance, and the High Commission on the 3N Initiative, and the main counterparts at the National Council on Environment for Sustainable Development.

Supporting Senegal to advance their NAP Process

The Government of Senegal participated a side event in COP 21 on 'Adaptation Finance: what countries can do to scale up adaptation finance' on 3rd December 2015. Madeleine Diouf Sarr (Director for Climate Change) presented the outcomes of the LDCF-funded projects in Senegal and emphasized the process to mobilize funds through direct access, including setting up a national climate change trust fund and accrediting a national implementing entity to the Adaptation Fund which allowed them to use the fast track accreditation process for the GCF.