Increased Resilience to Coastal Erosion in Communities in Mozambique

Project Overview

In Mozambique many communities are situated close to shorelines, reliant on agriculture and fishing for their livelihoods. Rising sea levels and changes in the frequence and intensity of tropical cyclones are raising the incidences and severity of flooding, salt water intrusion, erosion, loss of livelihoods, shelter, and life.

The objective of the project is to increase the resilence of coastal communities living in Mozambique so that they are able to manage climate change. This will be achieved by developing the capacity to analyze climate risk and mainstream responses and by piloting measures to improve livelihood resilience to climate change.

At the end of the project 10,000 households in seven communities across three coastal provinces in Mozambique will have ownership of adaption processess. 50% of households will have diversified and increased their income, and select areas will improve their drought and flood management.

From Adaptation in Action: Mozambique's Coastal Zones (2011)

Project Details

The coastal zone of Mozambique is likely to experience significant impacts as a result of climate change during the course of this century. Mean sea levels will rise, wave patterns will alter, and the frequency and intensity of storms will change. More than 60% of the population of Mozambique lives in coastal areas, placing significant pressure on coastal resources and natural capital. The inherent dynamic nature of coastlines combined with exposure to destructive maritime hazards, sea level rise (SLR), inefficient land usage, and strain on natural resources renders the Mozambican coastline highly vulnerable to the impacts of climate change, particularly coastal erosion.

Protective ecosystems, such as mangrove swamps, dune systems and coral reefs, are critical to improving resilience against SLR and destructive maritime hazards (storm surges, tsunamis and tropical cyclones). So too is addressing the widespread poverty in coastal areas, which inadvertently contributes to the widespread degradation of ecosystems. As such, livelihood diversification is a key component of this project.

The project aims to break down barriers to weak inter-sectoral policy coordination and development, eliminate financial constraints, and build institutional and individual capacity to plan for the effects of climate change. The project will support the development of human, social, natural, physical and financial capitals in order to establish climate-resilient livelihoods in Mozambique’s coastal zones.

The objective of the project is to develop the capacity of communities living in the coastal zones of Mozambique to manage climate change by:

  • Generating climate change risk and adaptation options analysis and mainstreaming it into policies, investment plans and sector budgets at the national and sub-national level
  • Piloting demonstration projects to increase capacity of communities living in the coastal zone to cope with climate change impacts such as coastal erosion and to improve coastal ecosystem resilience to climate change
  • Knowledge management to enable replication of climate change adaptation measures in coastal zones

    Ecosystem protection and enhancement will covers activities:

  • Fisheries best practice (codes of conduct, community education and monitoring programme, establishing cooperatives)
  • Sustainable eco-tourism
  • Replanting trees
  • Dune managment (fencing, planting, revegetation, terracing, and signage)
  • Beach nourishing
  • Sandbagging
  • Channel and bank protection
  • Wetland protection (mangrove replanting, community education)

From Ecosystem based Approaches to Climate-Resilient Development LDCF and SCCF Case Study Template 

Thematic area: 
Climate-related hazards addressed: 
Level of intervention: 
Key collaborators: 
Primary beneficiaries: 
National Directorate for Environmental Management (DNGA) of the Ministry for the Coordination of Environmental Affairs (MICOA)
Implementing agencies & partnering organizations: 
United Nations Development Programme (UNDP)
Global Environment Facility (GEF)
Project status: 
Financing amount: 
Co-financing total: 

Key Results and Outputs

Outcome 1: Climate change risks to coastal zones integrated into key decision-making process and managed at community level as well as sub-national and national government level.

  • Output 1.1. A dynamic monitoring system for dunes, beaches, mangroves and sea level rise established to measure topographic, oceanographic, chemical and biological indicators
  • Output 1.2 Coastal erosion risk profiles prepared for multiple coastal segment of 2 km of extension.

Outcome 2: Adaptive capacity of coastal communities improved and coastal zone resilience to climate change enhanced.

  • Output 2.1 Adaptation investment plan developed for each of the seven pilot sites in Pemba, Pebane and Inharrime for community-level climate change adaptation (CCA) measures such as small-scale infrastructure and ecosystem-based measures (MICOA).
  • Output 2.2 Priority community-based adaptation projects implemented among 10,000 households in the seven pilot sites in Pemba, Pebane and Inharrime, focused on resilient livelihoods and community-level adaptation measures, including ecosystem protection and enhancement.

Of the 10,000 households in seven communities in three coastal Provinces in Mozambique:

  • At the end of the project50% of men and women have declared ownership of adaptation processes (disaggregated by gender)50% of households have improved flood and drought management.

Other benefits are expected to be:

  • Higher incomes
  • Empowered communities
  • Higher agricultural yields and fish catches
  • Reduced burden of disease
  • Houses and community level infrastructure that is durable and enables communities to continue with their lives even during flood events
  • Reduced hours in walking to agricultural plots, freeing up time for productive activities.

 From Ecosystem based Approaches to Climate-Resilient Development LDCF and SCCF Case Study Template 


Reports and Publications

Assessments and Background Documents



Stanislav Kim
Country Officer
Jessica Troni
Regional Technical Advisor