Supporting Benin to advance their NAP Process

Project Overview

Oct 2013
UN Environment undertakes mission to Benin to discuss NAP support
Apr 2014
Government delegation from Benin attends NAP-GSP / PAG-NAP Francophone Africa Regional Training Workshop, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia
Apr 2015
Benin submits their Intended Nationally Determined Contribution (INDC) to the Paris Agreement
Sep 2015
Presidential Decree containing a mandate for NAP process is submitted to government
Apr 2016
Inception Workshop is held for UNDP-UNEP-WRI GCF Readiness Programme in Benin
Oct 2016
Benin ratifies the Paris Agreement
Dec 2016
NAP-GSP undertakes mission to Benin to identify main entry points for climate change adaptation planning
Jul 2017
Benin begins drafting a Readiness proposal to submit to the GCF for potential funding to support the NAP process
Oct 2017
Benin submits its First Nationally Determined Contribution (NDC) to the Paris Agreement
Apr 2019
GCF approves the NAP project outlined in the Readiness proposal and Benin government signs prodoc

Country background, Sustainable Development Goals and Paris Agreement

Benin was reported as one of the world’s most vulnerable countries to climate change (155th out of 181 countries) in 2018. Temperatures are expected to rise by 2.6°C to 3.27°C by 2100, and changes in rainfall patterns and intensity will further exacerbate droughts and floods in the country.
The country has made significant efforts to address climate change impacts on its development through the adoption of policies and implementation of projects. It has adopted a series of strategic documents that include the 2008 National Adaptation Programme of Action, the NDC (first submitted as an INDC in 2015, later becoming the First NDC in 2017), and the 2016-2025 Low-Emission Climate-Resilient Development Strategy. In addition, the Government of Benin has recognised the threat posed by climate change in its 2016-2021 Government Action Plan (Plan d’Action Gouvernemental - PAG) which outlines Benin's vision for a  sustainable economic and social development. However, this awareness is not reflected in the priority actions of the PAG, thus demonstrating the lack of full integration of climate change into development planning.
It directly addresses the SDGs and the Paris Agreement on climate change and through this, lays the groundwork to support the formulation and implementation of the NAP. Further support for advancing the formulation of a NAP in Benin is being provided by the German development agency, GIZ. Through the 'Science-based support for National Adaptation Plan (NAP) processes in francophone Least Developed Countries (LDCs) of sub-Saharan Africa', GIZ is working with the Government of Benin and partners, to increase capacity for science-based and results-oriented implementation of NAP processes. The project was launch was at a workshop held between 9 - 10 March 2017 in Grand-Popo. 

How has the NAP-GSP supported to date?


Identified entry points for the NAP-GSP 
To support the government integrate climate change adaptation into subnational  budget plans. These entry points are detailed in the Country Brief recently produced by the NAP-GSP team.
Launched the NAP process in Benin
The process was launched during the GCF Readiness Programme inception workshop, 4 – 7 April 2016. It was attended by 70 participants from various sectoral ministries, as well as civil society and academia. Key adaptation planning solutions were identified as well as budgeting strategies, an example being the development of a law stipulating that 1% of each ministerial budget should be dedicated to adaptation. More information can be found in Project Details tab.
Organised mission to Benin in December 2016
The mission was largely conducted to support the stocktaking exercise and identify priorities for adaptation planning.
Helped build capacity and  facilitated access to additional climate finance
The project outlined in the Readiness and Preparatory Support Proposal will facilitate the integration of climate change adaptation into development budgeting and planning processes, and increase access to local and external funding. The proposal was submitted to the Green Climate Fund (GCF) Secretariat in July 2017. The final proposal was approved by the GCF and the prodoc signed by the Government of Benin in April 2019.

Project Details


Level of intervention: 
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23 April 2019, Benin - Considéré comme l’un des pays les plus vulnérables aux effets néfastes du changement climatique, le Bénin renforce son processus d’élaboration de Plan National d’Adaptation (PNA) au changement climatique à travers l'intégration de l'adaptation au changement climatique dans la planification et les processus de développement. L’accord-cadre entre le Gouvernement du Bénin représenté par le Ministre du Cadre de Vie et du Développement Durable et le Programme des Nations Unies pour le développement (PNUD) pour la mise en œuvre du projet intitulé « Processus de Plan National d’Adaptation au Bénin » a été signé ce jour à Cotonou.
28 June 2018, Benin - The Republic of Benin's National Assembly, on June 18, 2018, adopted a Law No. 2018-18 regulating climate change across the country. The adoption of this law places Benin amongst the first countries to adopt national legislation on climate change as well as directly addressing the goals of the Paris Agreement.
7 April 2017, Ouidah, Benin - Benin is experiencing significant climate change impacts in the agriculture and forestry sectors, which are expected to be compounded by a potential rise in temperature and rainfall, as well as rising sea level, in this coastal least developed nation in west Africa.
24 April 2014, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia - The Government of Benin makes a presentation at the NAP-GSP / PAG-NAP Africa Regional Training Workshop, 21 - 24 April 2014. For the full slideshow (presented in French) follow the above link.

Reports and Publications

Project Brief / Fact Sheet

National Adaptation Plans in focus: Lessons from Benin