Supporting Serbia to advance their NAP process

Project Overview

Jun 2001
Serbia ratifies the UN Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC)
Oct 2007
Serbia ratifies the Kyoto Protocol
Nov 2010
Serbia communicates its initial National Communication
Jun 2015
Serbia submits its Intended Nationally Determined Contributions (INDC) to the UNFCCC
Feb 2016
Serbia communicated its First Biennial Update Report to the UNFCCC
Feb 2017
The NAP GSP and Serbia hosts a NAP support and stocktaking mission
Apr 2017
The NAP GSP and Serbia produces a Stocktaking Report for the NAPs process in Serbia
Jul 2017
Serbia submits its Readiness Proposal “Advancing medium and long-term adaptation planning in the Republic of Serbia” to the Green Climate Fund
Jul 2017
Serbia ratifies the Paris Climate Agreement
Aug 2017
Serbia communicates its Second National Communication (SNC)
Jul 2019
The Green Climate Fund approves Serbia’s Readiness Proposal “Advancing medium and long-term adaptation planning in the Republic of Serbia”

Country background, Sustainable Development Goals and Paris Agreement

Serbia is a landlocked country in the centre of the Balkan Peninsula, in South-Eastern Europe. Serbia, located in the central part of Balkan Peninsula, has three major geographical areas: the lowland Pannonian Plain, Vojvodina in northern Serbia that covers about 25 percent of the territory, and is predominantly flatland of alluvial debris and plateau, and Central Serbia and the Šumadija Highlands, a predominant hilly region ranging from 100 meters to 500m in elevation. Rivers and lakes are relatively plentiful, but flow levels are already starting to fall as a result of climate change, a trend that is predicted to continue. The climate is moderately continental across most of the territory. Average temperature is already increasing, notably with winters becoming less cold. The changes in temperature and precipitation are predicted to increase both floods and droughts, with a negative impact on the country’s forestry resources and agriculture, which together contributes to around 10 percent of gross domestic product.

Serbia’s climate related policies include the National Sustainable Development Strategy of the Republic of Serbia and its Action Plan for 2009 – 2017 and the National Strategy with Action Plan for Transposition Implementation and Enforcement of the EU ACQUIS on Environment and Climate Change 2016-2020 (NEAS). In addition, though the 2011 National Strategy for Disaster Risk Reduction and Protection and Rescue in Emergency Situations, the 2014 National Programme for Disaster Risk Management and the draft Action Plan for implementation of National Programme for Disaster Risk Management (until 2020) also addresses climate change related issues, climate change adaptation measures and policies are not sufficiently reflected in them. This prevents coordinated action, resource mobilization and financial expenditure.  In 2015, Serbia submitted its Intended Nationally Determined Contribution (INDC) to the UNFCCC that included both components, climate change mitigation and adaptation to climate change. However, the adaptation part of the INDCs was not elaborated and it noted the need for national level climate adaptation action to start addressing long-term climate vulnerabilities. In addition, Serbia has recently drafted its first Law on Climate Change as well as the Low Carbon Development Strategy with the Action Plan. Both documents are pending adoption by the Government.

The Government of the Republic of Serbia requested support for the development of its National Adaptation Plan (NAP) process, and is one of the first countries requesting Green Climate Fund (GCF) readiness financing for this purpose. With support from the joint UNDP-UN Environment NAP Global Support Programme (NAP-GSP), a preliminary mission was undertaken in February 2017 to identify, in consultation with stakeholders, Serbia’s needs regarding the NAP process. The mission allowed for preliminary assessment of relevant initiatives on climate mainstreaming and of the institutional framework and capacities relevant to the NAP process through a stakeholder roundtable, qualitative interviews and an extensive desk review. A Stocktaking Report on the NAPs process in Serbia was produced in April 2017. The stocktaking would play a supporting role in Serbia’s NAP Readiness Proposal “Advancing medium and long-term adaptation planning in the Republic of Serbia” that was submitted to the GCF in July 2017 and approved by the GCF in July 2019.

How has the NAP-GSP supported to date?

 

Supported the preliminary assessment and stocktaking mission 

 

In February 2017, the NAP GSP undertook a rapid capacity assessment and stocktaking mission, as an approach to identifying the required capacity needs based on the capacity development frameworks of UNDP and UNITAR. These frameworks identify three levels for technical and functional capacities: the individual, the organization and the enabling environment. The assessment was based on review of strategy documents, existing reports, individual interviews and a basic questionnaire distributed during the cross-sectoral roundtable.
 

 

Produced of a Stocktaking Report and NAP roadmap
 
A Stocktaking report was produced in April 2017, followed by a NAP Roadmap. The purpose of the NAP roadmap is to articulate a country-based consensus on the approach for the design of the NAP process.  The roadmap identifies the overall approach to implementing the NAP process and the main work streams (components) and activities for the 2017–2020 iteration of the NAP. Based on stakeholder input received during the stocktaking mission, the envisioned approach to Serbia’s NAP will be driven by development of a strategic document – the National Climate Change Adaptation Plan – for implementing the national direction for adaptation.

 

Helped build capacity and  facilitated access to additional climate finance
 

 

 

Serbia received approval from the GCF in July 2019 for it’s NAP Readiness Proposal ‘Advancing medium and long-term adaptation planning in the Republic of Serbia’, a project that is informed by a consultative process that launched three years prior and will help Serbia integrate climate change adaptation considerations into developmental planning and budgeting. This project proposes two phases to help the government of Serbia increase its capacity to address the country’s climate change vulnerabilities, particularly in the areas related to the Agriculture-Water Management nexus, and the sectors of Energy Infrastructure, and Transport Infrastructure and Construction. The first phase of funding request will support the setting up of the NAP process and development of a comprehensive national Climate Change Adaptation Plan. 
 

 

News

Climate change was one of the most important topics of the 9th Belgrade security forum - October 2019 - The panelists at "Climate Security: Adaptation, Mitigation, Change" were UNDP Resident Representative in Serbia Fransine Pickup, Minister for the Environmental Protection Goran Trivan.

Joint message on Climate Change to the Government of The Republic of Serbia - October 2019 - The European Union Delegation to Serbia and the United Nations Development Programme kindly request the support of the Republic of Serbia in reducing the emission of greenhouse gases (GHGs).

Cities are crucial for the fight against climate change - October 2019 - Best practices and solutions for development of climate-smart cities across Europe were presented today at the event “Citizens Build Smart Cities” in Belgrade.

In Serbia, climate change forces a new reality - September 2019 - In Serbia, temperatures are rising and extreme weather events means both flooding and severe droughts. For those who make their living off the land and sea, climate change is forcing a new reality.

Country Initiatives

Supporting LDCs to advance National Adaptation Plans

Supporting Benin to advance their NAP Process

NAP-GSP has provided support to identify adaptation planning activities and support to leverage finance for NAPs. The 'NAP in focus: Lessons from Benin' publication has been prepared in collaboration with the Government of Benin.

 

Supporting Burundi to advance their NAP Process

UNDP is supporting Burundi with initial NAP stocktaking and identification of needs regarding their adaptation planning and budgeting.

Supporting Cambodia to advance their NAP Process

Country background, Sustainable Development Goals and Paris Agreement

Supporting Comoros to advance their NAP process

Country background, Sustainable Development Goals and Paris Agreement

Supporting Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC) to advance their NAP Process

A mission took place from 21-30 October 2016, to consult stakeholders on adaptation priorities and key activities to advance the NAP process. As a result of the mission, a stocktaking report was developed by NAP-GSP on the degree of integration of CCA into budgeting and planning processes at all level (national, sectoral, local). The stocktaking report has also identified the most urgent adaptation needs and the underlying strategic actions needed to implement them.

Supporting Djibouti to advance their NAP Process

Country background, Sustainable Development Goals and Paris Agreement

Supporting Guinea Bissau to advance their NAP Process

Country background, Sustainable Development Goals and Paris Agreement

Supporting Guinea Conakry to advance their NAP process

Country background, Sustainable Development Goals and Paris Agreement

Supporting Liberia to advance their NAP Process

Country background, Sustainable Development Goals and Paris Agreement

Supporting Madagascar to advance their NAP Process

A publication 'NAP in focus: Lessons from Madagascar' has been prepared by NAP-GSP outlining the lessons learnt from the NAP processes in Madagascar.

Supporting Mauritania to advance their NAP Process

Country background, Sustainable Development Goals and Paris Agreement

Supporting Mozambique to advance their NAP Process

Country background, Sustainable Development Goals and Paris Agreement

Supporting Niger to advance their NAP Process

A NAP mission was conducted from 29 August to 2 September 2016 to identify priority interventions to advance the NAP process. Consultations were held with the Green Climate Fund National Committee, which includes the Ministry of Planning, the Ministry of Finance, and the High Commission on the 3N Initiative, and the main counterparts at the National Council on Environment for Sustainable Development.

Supporting Senegal to advance their NAP Process

The Government of Senegal participated a side event in COP 21 on 'Adaptation Finance: what countries can do to scale up adaptation finance' on 3rd December 2015. Madeleine Diouf Sarr (Director for Climate Change) presented the outcomes of the LDCF-funded projects in Senegal and emphasized the process to mobilize funds through direct access, including setting up a national climate change trust fund and accrediting a national implementing entity to the Adaptation Fund which allowed them to use the fast track accreditation process for the GCF.